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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09692290.2020.1830835

Blind spots in IPE: marginalized perspectives and neglected trends in contemporary capitalism

04 Mar 2021-Review of International Political Economy (Routledge)-Vol. 28, Iss: 2, pp 283-294
Abstract: Which blind spots shape scholarship in International Political Economy (IPE)? That question animates the contributions to a double special issue—one in the Review of International Political Economy, and a companion one in New Political Economy. The global financial crisis had seemed to vindicate broad-ranging IPE perspectives at the expense of narrow economics theories. Yet the tumultuous decade since then has confronted IPE scholars with rapidly-shifting global dynamics, many of which had remained underappreciated. We use the Blind Spots moniker in an attempt to push the topics covered here higher up the scholarly agenda—issues that range from institutionalized racism and misogyny to the rise of big tech, intensifying corporate power, expertise-dynamics in global governance, assetization, and climate change. Gendered and racial inequalities as blind spots have a particular charge. There has been a self-reinforcing correspondence between topics that have counted as important, people to whom they matter personally, and the latter’s ability to build careers on them. In that sense, our mission is not only to highlight collective blind spots that may dull IPE’s capacity to theorize the current moment. It is also a normative one—a form of disciplinary housekeeping to help correct both intellectual and professional entrenched biases.

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5 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/13563467.2020.1841143
Abstract: Contemporary political economy is predicated on widely shared ideas and assumptions, some explicit but many implicit, about the past. Our aim in this Special Issue is to draw attention to, and to assess critically, these historical assumptions. In doing so, we hope to contribute to a political economy that is more attentive to the analytic assumptions on which it is premised, more aware of the potential oversights, biases, and omissions they contain, and more reflexive about the potential costs of these blind spots. This is an Introduction to one of two Special Issues that are being published simultaneously by New Political Economy and Review of International Political Economy reflecting on blind spots in international political economy. Together, these Special Issues seek to identify the key blind spots in the field and to make sense of how many scholars missed or misconstrued important dynamics that define contemporary capitalism and the other systems and sources of social inequality that characterise our present. This particular Special Issue pursues this goal by looking backwards, to the history of political economy and at the ways in which we have come to tell that history, in order to understand how we got to the present moment.

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11 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09692290.2020.1830832
M. de Goede1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This article starts from the premise that International Political Economy (IPE) literature – with some notable exceptions – has a blind spot for the colonial and contested histories of financial in...

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9 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09692290.2021.1879456
Abstract: As editors of the Review of International Political Economy (RIPE), we are committed to expanding intellectual horizons and reflecting diverse perspectives to stimulate eye-opening discussions of g...

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4 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09692290.2020.1838315
Gavin Fridell1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The dual emphasis on the benefits of global supply chain integration and private governance to address its ethical gaps have given prominence to an inclusive vision of chains which, this paper argu...

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Topics: Supply chain (62%)

4 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09692290.2020.1830830
Maha Rafi Atal1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In recent years, the power of large technology corporations has become a focus of public debate in both developed and developing countries. This growing chorus brings together complaints about brea...

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Topics: Public debate (54%)

3 Citations


26 results found

Open accessBook
01 Jan 2002-
Abstract: List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Note on Transliteration Introduction I. Economies of Truth 1. Can the Mosquito Speak? 2. Principles True in Every Country 3. The Character of Calculability II. Peasant Studies 4. The Invention and Reinvention of the Peasant 5. Nobody Listens to a Poor Man 6. Heritage and Violence III. Fixing the Economy 7. The Object of Development 8. The Market's Place 9. Dreamland Notes Select Bibliography Index

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Topics: Peasant (52%), nobody (52%)

1,504 Citations

Open accessBook
15 Jan 2019-
Abstract: Society is at a turning point. The heady optimism that accompanied the advent of the Internet has gone, replaced with a deep unease as technology, capitalism and an unequal society combine to create the perfect storm. Tech companies are gathering our information online and selling it to the highest bidder, whether government or retailer. In this world of surveillance capitalism, profit depends not only on predicting but modifying our online behaviour. How will this fusion of capitalism and the digital shape the values that define our future?

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Topics: Capitalism (53%)

1,280 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Jan 1989-
Topics: Value (mathematics) (64%), Nothing (51%)

428 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Jan 2013-
Abstract: An Amazon Best Book of the Month, May 2013: Jaron Lanier's last book, You Are Not a Gadget, was an influential criticism of Web 20's crowd-sourced backbone In Who Owns the Future?, Lanier is interested in how network technologies affect our culture, economy, and collective soul Lanier is talking about pretty heady stuff--the monopolistic power of big tech companies (dubbed "Siren Servers"), the flattening of the middle class, the obscuring of humanity--but he has a gift for explaining sophisticated concepts with clarity In fact, what separates Lanier from a lot of techno-futurists is his emphasis on the maintaining humanism and accessibility in technology In the most ambitious part of the book, Lanier expresses what he believes to be the ideal version of the networked future--one that is built on two-way connections instead of one-way relationships, allowing content, media, and other innovations to be more easily attributed (including a system of micro-payments that lead back to its creator) Is the two-way networked vision of the internet proposed in Who Owns the Future quixotic? Even Lanier seems unsure, but his goal here is to establish a foundation for which we should strive At one point, Lanier jokingly asks sci-fi author William Gibson to write something that doesn't depict technology as so menacing Gibson replies, "Jaron, I tried But it's coming out dark" Lanier is able to conjure a future that's much brighter, and hopefully in his imagination, we are moving closer to that --Kevin Nguyen Q&A with Jaron Lanier Q Years ago, in the early days of networking, you and your friends asserted that information should be free What made you change your tune? A In the big picture, a great new technology that makes the world more efficient should result in waves of new opportunity Thats what happened with, say, electricity, telephones, cars, plumbing, fertilizers, vaccinations, and many other examples Why on earth have the early years of the network revolution been associated with recessions, austerity, jobless recoveries, and loss of social mobility? Something has clearly gone wrong The old ideas about information being free in the information age ended up screwing over everybody except the owners of the very biggest computers The biggest computers turned into spying and behavior modification operations, which concentrated wealth and power Sharing information freely, without traditional rewards like royalties or paychecks, was supposed to create opportunities for brave, creative individuals Instead, I have watched each successive generation of young journalists, artists, musicians, photographers, and writers face harsher and harsher odds The perverse effect of opening up information has been that the status of a young persons parents matters more and more, since its so hard to make ones way Q Throughout history, technological revolutions have caused unemployment but also brought about new types of jobs to replace the old ones Whats different today? A Cars can now drive themselves, and cloud services can translate passages between languages well enough to be of practical use But the role of people in these technologies turned out to be a surprise Back in the 1950s, the fantasy in the computer science world was that smart scientists would achieve machine intelligence and profound levels of automation, but that never worked Instead, vast amounts of big data gathered from real people is rehashed to create automation There are many, many real people behind the curtain This should be great news for the future of employment! Multitudes of people are needed in order for robots to speak, drive cars, or perform operations The only problem is that as the information age is dawning, the ideology of bright young people and newfangled plutocrats alike holds that information should be free Q Who does own the future? Whats up for grabs that will affect our future livelihoods? A The answer is indeed up for grabs If we keep on doing things as we are, the answer is clear: The future will be narrowly owned by the people who run the biggest, best connected computers, which will usually be found in giant, remote cloud computing farms The answer I am promoting instead is that the future should be owned broadly by everyone who contributes data to the cloud, as robots and other machines animated by cloud software start to drive our vehicles, care for us when were sick, mine our natural resources, create the physical objects we use, and so on, as the 21st century progresses Right now, most people are only gaining informal benefits from advances in technology, like free internet services, while those who own the biggest computers are concentrating formal benefits to an unsustainable degree Q What is a Siren Server and how does it function? A I needed a broad name for the gargantuan cloud computer services that are concentrating wealth and influence in our era They go by so many names! There are national intelligence agencies, the famous Silicon Valley companies with nursery school names, the stealthy high finance schemes, and others All these schemes are quite similar The biggest computers can predictably calculate wealth and clout on a broad, statistical level For instance, an insurance company might use massive amounts of data to only insure people who are unlikely to get sick The problem is that the risk and loss that can be avoided by having the biggest computer still exist Everyone else must pay for the risk and loss that the Siren Server can avoid The interesting thing about the original Homeric Sirens was that they didnt actually attack sailors The fatal peril was that sailors volunteered to grant the sirens control of the interaction Thats what were all doing with the biggest computing schemes Q As a solution to the economic problems caused by digital networks, you assert that each one of us should be paid for what we do and share online How would that work? A Weve all contributed to the fortunes of big Silicon Valley schemes, big finance schemes, and all manner of other schemes which are driven by computation over a network But our contributions were deliberately forgotten This is partly due to the ideology of copying without a trace that my friends and I mistakenly thought would lead to a fairer world, back in the day The error we made was simple: Not all computers are created equal What is clear is that networks could remember where the value actually came from, which is from a very broad range of people I sketch a way that universal micropayments might solve the problem, though I am not attempting to present a utopian solution Instead I hope to deprogram people from the open ideal to think about networks more broadly I am certain that once the conversation escapes the bounds of what has become an orthodoxy, better ideas will come about Q Who Owns the Future seems like two books in one Does it seem that way to you? A If all I wanted was sympathy and popularity, I am sure that a critique by itselfwithout a proposal for a solutionwould have been more effective Its true that the fixes put forward in Who Owns the Future are ambitious, but they are presented within an explicitly modest wrapping I am hoping to make the world safer for diverse ideas about the future Our times are terribly conformist For instance, one is either red or blue, or is accepted by the open culture crowd or not I seek to bust open such orthodoxies by showing that other ideas are possible So I present an intentionally rough sketch of an alternate future that doesnt match up with any of the present orthodoxies A reality-based, compassionate world is one in which criticism is okay I dish it out, but I also lay my tender neck out before you Q Youre a musician in addition to being a computer scientist What insight has that given you? A In the 1990s I was signed to a big label, but as a minor artist I had to compete in an esoteric niche market, as an experimental classical/jazz high prestige sort of artist That world was highly competitive and professional, and inspired an intense level of effort from me I assumed that losing the moneyed side of the recording business would not make all that much of a difference, but I was wrong I no longer bother to release music The reason is that it now feels like a vanity market Self-promotion has become the primary activity of many of my musician friends Yuk When the music is heard, its often in the context of automatically generated streams from some cloud service, so the listener doesnt even know its you Successful music tends to be quite conformist to some pre-existing category, because that way it fits better into the automatic streaming schemes I miss competing in the intense NYC music scene Who keeps you honest when the world is drowning in insincere flattery? So here I am writing books Hello book critics!

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393 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/13563460701661561
Isabella Bakker1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This review essay outlines and compares several recent contributions in feminist political economy with particular emphasis on the renaissance of the concept of social reproduction.1 Most definitio...

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Topics: International political economy (69%), Political culture (66%), Social reproduction (57%) ... show more

243 Citations

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