Cannabis and social change in the Indian Himalayas
21 Dec 2018-Journal of Ethnobiology (Society of Ethnobiology)-Vol. 38, Iss: 4, pp 504-516
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examine the engagement between local community and cannabis and explore how this engagement ushers in social change in the Indian Himalayas, and suggest that much of the present power of cannabis's present power can be attributed to historical and present interpretations in the global West.
Abstract: An indigenous crop, cannabis and its parts have traditionally been used in some regions of the Indian Himalayas for food, clothing, and enjoyment in the form of a socially consumed intoxicant. Cannabis has become engendered in social transformations and has been historically subsumed within the socio-cultural life of the region, where it has been a “humble” object (Miller 2009) of great utility, but hardly influential. However, in the last couple of decades, cannabis has been important in transforming the local economy, challenging the socio-cultural order, and influencing individual life trajectories in parts of the Indian Himalayas. This paper illustrates how cannabis becomes a “transgressive” object, one that is possessed of a force that shapes human life (for better and worse), and challenges and transforms social institutions and practices in the region. The sociocultural, historical, and material aspects of cannabis play significant roles in such a transformation. While illustrating how the history of colonization and global circulation of cannabis is inscribed with contradictory meanings, the paper suggests that much (although not all) of cannabis's present power in the Indian Himalayas can be attributed to historical and present interpretations in the global West. The paper examines the engagement between local community and cannabis, and explores how this engagement ushers in social change in the Indian Himalayas.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the importance of the Himalayan environment for the study of pot in the Himalayas and its importance in the development of medical applications. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs: Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 337-339.
Abstract: (1977). Ethnobotany and Its Significance for Cannabis Studies in the Himalayas. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs: Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 337-339.