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Case study: The development of the HDI Tree

01 Jan 2013-
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the process of developing graphical metaphors and diagrammatic representations for the Human Development Index (HDI) and its components: the HDI============Tree (UNDP, 2011).
Abstract: This paper describes the process of developing graphical metaphors and diagrammatic representations for the Human Development Index – HDI– and its components: the HDI Tree (UNDP, 2011). In 1990, the United Nations Development Programme introduced the Human Development Index as a measure of development that combines indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income. The project was commissioned to Cesar A. Hidalgo (2010) by the Human Development Report office and developed in collaboration with three senior students at Northeastern University. The objective was to explore ways to simplify and communicate the Human Development Index using visual rather than numerical representations. Here, we describe the design process, discuss the concepts behind the metaphor, and analyze two selected visualizations. We conclude by examining how the Development Tree can be used in visual narratives for educational and outreach purposes.
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Book
01 Jan 1980
TL;DR: Lakoff and Johnson as mentioned in this paper suggest that these basic metaphors not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning, and they offer an intriguing and surprising guide to some of the most common metaphors and what they can tell us about the human mind.
Abstract: People use metaphors every time they speak. Some of those metaphors are literary - devices for making thoughts more vivid or entertaining. But most are much more basic than that - they're "metaphors we live by", metaphors we use without even realizing we're using them. In this book, George Lakoff and Mark Johnson suggest that these basic metaphors not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning. Bringing together the perspectives of linguistics and philosophy, Lakoff and Johnson offer an intriguing and surprising guide to some of the most common metaphors and what they can tell us about the human mind. And for this new edition, they supply an afterword both extending their arguments and offering a fascinating overview of the current state of thinking on the subject of the metaphor.

17,091 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Lakoff and Johnson as mentioned in this paper suggest that these basic metaphors not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning, and they offer an intriguing and surprising guide to some of the most common metaphors and what they can tell us about the human mind.
Abstract: People use metaphors every time they speak. Some of those metaphors are literary - devices for making thoughts more vivid or entertaining. But most are much more basic than that - they're \"metaphors we live by\", metaphors we use without even realizing we're using them. In this book, George Lakoff and Mark Johnson suggest that these basic metaphors not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning. Bringing together the perspectives of linguistics and philosophy, Lakoff and Johnson offer an intriguing and surprising guide to some of the most common metaphors and what they can tell us about the human mind. And for this new edition, they supply an afterword both extending their arguments and offering a fascinating overview of the current state of thinking on the subject of the metaphor.

11,114 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, a pengetahuan kognitif adalah tergolong bidang baru ying mengkaji pikiran atau nalar ying memperoleh pen getahuan dari bidang-bidang ilmu seperti psikologi, linguistik, antropologi and filsafat, and juga ilmu komputer.
Abstract: Pengetahuan kognitif adalah tergolong bidang baru yang mengkaji pikiran atau nalar yang memperoleh pengetahuan dari bidang-bidang ilmu seperti psikologi, linguistik, antropologi, filsafat, dan juga ilmu komputer.nBuku ini berusaha menerangkan bagaimana pengetahuan kognitif kita terbentuk, dalam pengertian bagaimana menyusun kategori-kategori persepsi kita terhadap satu benda misalnya. Dalam hal ini, George Lakoff mencoba mengklasifikasi cara-cara kita dalam membentuk persepsi-persepsi ini. Di samping itu, buku ini juga memberikan contoh kasus bahwa dalam bahasa sehari-hari, kategori-kategori tadi juga terefleksikan. Misalnya, bahasa sehari-hari kita sering menyatakan nafsu birahi kita sebagai sebuah bentuk perang, bentuk permainan atau game, bentuk rasa lapar, dll. Buku ini merupakan sebuah diagnosa pemikiran manusia pada umumnya.

5,097 citations

01 Jan 1990

447 citations