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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JACS.1C00447

Catalytic Synthesis of Conjugated Azopolymers from Aromatic Diazides.

04 Mar 2021-Journal of the American Chemical Society (American Chemical Society)-Vol. 143, Iss: 10, pp 3975-3982
Abstract: Conjugated polymers containing main chain azoarene repeat units are synthesized by a dinickel catalyzed N=N coupling reaction of aromatic diazides. The polymerization exhibits broad substrate scope...

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Topics: Polymerization (53%), Conjugated system (51%)

5 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.JPCLETT.1C00750
Muhammad Younis1, Jonathan Long2, Shan-Qing Peng1, Xiaosong Wang3  +3 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Although side-chain polyazobenzenes have been extensively studied, main-chain polyazobenzenes (abbreviated MCPABs) are rarely reported due to the challenges associated with difficulty in synthetic chemistry and photoisomerization of azo bonds in MCPABs. Thus, it is highly demanded to develop new mechanisms other than photoisomerization of azo bonds in MCPABs to extend their applications. In this work, we created a new series of N-linked MCPABs via fast NaBH4-mediated reductive coupling polymerization on N-substituted bis(4-nitrophenyl)amines. The structure of MCPABs has been characterized by comprehensive solid-state NMR experiments such as CPMAS 13C NMR with long and short contact times, cross-polarization polarization-inversion (CPPI), and cross-polarization nonquaternary suppressed (CPNQS). The azo bonds in MCPABs were found to be promising for acid vapor sensing, being acidified to form azonium ion with significant color change from red to green. And the azonium of MCPABs turned from green to red when exposed to base vapor, thus suitable for base vapor sensing.

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Topics: Photoisomerization (59%)

3 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TETLET.2021.153457
Xudong Liao1, Yi Zhou1, Chengmei Ai1, Cuijiao Ye1  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: A highly efficient and selective oxidation of primary and tertiary amines employing SO2F2/H2O2/base system was described. Anilines were converted to the corresponding azoxybenzenes, while primary benzylamines were transformed into nitriles and secondary benzylamines were rearranged to amides. For tertiary amine substrates quinolines, isoquinolines and pyridines, their oxidation products were the corresponding N-oxides. The reaction conditions are very mild and just involve SO2F2, amines, 30% aqueous H2O2 solution, and inorganic base at room temperature. One unique advantage is that this oxidation system is just composed of inexpensive inorganic compounds without the use of any metal and organic compounds.

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Topics: Tertiary amine (65%)

1 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.ACCOUNTS.1C00424
Christopher Uyeda1, Conner M. Farley1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Redox reactions that take place in enzymes and on the surfaces of heterogeneous catalysts often require active sites that contain multiple metals. By contrast, there are very few homogeneous catalysts with multinuclear active sites, and the field of organometallic chemistry continues to be dominated by the study of single metal systems. Multinuclear catalysts have the potential to display unique properties owing to their ability to cooperatively engage substrates. Furthermore, direct metal-to-metal covalent bonding can give rise to new electronic configurations that dramatically impact substrate binding and reactivity. In order to effectively capitalize on these features, it is necessary to consider strategies to avoid the dissociation of fragile metal-metal bonds in the course of a catalytic cycle. This Account describes one approach to accomplishing this goal using binucleating redox-active ligands.In 2006, Chirik showed that pyridine-diimines (PDI) have sufficiently low-lying π* levels that they can be redox-noninnocent in low-valent iron complexes. Extending this concept, we investigated a series of dinickel complexes supported by naphthyridine-diimine (NDI) ligands. These complexes can promote a broad range of two-electron redox processes in which the NDI ligand manages electron equivalents while the metals remain in a Ni(I)-Ni(I) state.Using (NDI)Ni2 catalysts, we have uncovered cases where having two metals in the active site addresses a problem in catalysis that had not been adequately solved using single-metal systems. For example, mononickel complexes are capable of stoichiometrically dimerizing aryl azides to form azoarenes but do not turn over due to strong product inhibition. By contrast, dinickel complexes are effective catalysts for this reaction and avoid this thermodynamic sink by binding to azoarenes in their higher-energy cis form.Dinickel complexes can also activate strong bonds through the cooperative action of both metals. Norbornadiene has a ring-strain energy that is similar to that of cyclopropane but is not prone to undergoing C-C oxidative addition with monometallic complexes. Using an (NDI)Ni2 complex, norbornadiene undergoes rapid ring opening by the oxidative addition of the vinyl and bridgehead carbons. An inspection of the resulting metallacycle reveals that it is stabilized through a network of secondary Ni-π interactions. This reactivity enabled the development of a catalytic carbonylative rearrangement to form fused bicyclic dienones.These vignettes and others described in this Account highlight some of the implications of metal-metal bonding in promoting a challenging step in a catalytic cycle or adjusting the thermodynamic landscape of key intermediates. Given that our studies have focused nearly exclusively on the (NDI)Ni2 system, we anticipate that many more such cases are left to be discovered as other transition-metal combinations and ligand classes are explored.

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Topics: Norbornadiene (54%), Catalytic cycle (53%), Organometallic chemistry (51%) ... show more

1 Citations


62 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR0501339
27 Mar 2007-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: The field of chemical sensing is becoming ever more dependent upon novel materials. Polymers, crystals, glasses, particles, and nanostructures have made a profound impact and have endowed modern sensory systems with superior performance. Electronic polymers have emerged as one of the most important classes of transduction materials; they readily transform a chemical signal into an easily measured electrical or optical event. Although our group reviewed this field in 2000,1 the high levels of activity and the impact of these methods now justify a subsequent review as part of this special issue. In this review we restrict our discussions to purely fluorescence-based methods using conjugated polymers (CPs). We further confine our detailed coverage to articles published since our previous review and will only detail earlier research in this Introduction to illustrate fundamental concepts and terminology that underpin the recent literature.

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3,569 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR900182S
28 Sep 2009-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: -phenylenevinylene)s L4. Fluorene-Based Conjugated Polymers L4.1. Fluorene-Based Copolymers ContainingElectron-Rich MoietiesM4.2. Fluorene-Based Copolymers ContainingElectron-Deficient MoietiesN4.3. Fluorene-Based Copolymers ContainingPhosphorescent ComplexesQ5. Carbazole-Based Conjugated Polymers R5.1. Poly(2,7-carbazole)-Based Polymers R5.2. Indolo[3,2-

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Topics: Organic solar cell (55%), Conjugated system (54%), Polymer (52%) ... show more

3,471 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR000013V
19 Feb 2009-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: A review was presented to demonstrate a historical description of the synthesis of light-emitting conjugated polymers for applications in electroluminescent devices. Electroluminescence (EL) was first reported in poly(para-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) in 1990 and researchers continued to make significant efforts to develop conjugated materials as the active units in light-emitting devices (LED) to be used in display applications. Conjugated oligomers were used as luminescent materials and as models for conjugated polymers in the review. Oligomers were used to demonstrate a structure and property relationship to determine a key polymer property or to demonstrate a technique that was to be applied to polymers. The review focused on demonstrating the way polymer structures were made and the way their properties were controlled by intelligent and rational and synthetic design.

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2,228 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR970155Y
Almeria Natansohn1, Paul Rochon2Institutions (2)
17 Oct 2002-Chemical Reviews
Topics: Polymer (51%)

1,951 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CM102419Z
Antonio Facchetti1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The optoelectronic properties of polymeric semiconductor materials can be utilized for the fabrication of organic electronic and photonic devices. When key structural requirements are met, these materials exhibit unique properties such as solution processability, large charge transporting capabilities, and/or broad optical absorption. In this review recent developments in the area of π-conjugated polymeric semiconductors for organic thin-film (or field-effect) transistors (OTFTs or OFETs) and bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic (or solar) cell (BHJ-OPV or OSC) applications are summarized and analyzed.

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Topics: Organic electronics (62%)

1,933 Citations