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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.126.090501

Cavity-Enhanced Atom-Photon Entanglement with Subsecond Lifetime

02 Mar 2021-Physical Review Letters (American Physical Society (APS))-Vol. 126, Iss: 9, pp 090501-090501
Abstract: A cold atomic ensemble suits well for optical quantum memories, and its entanglement with a single photon forms the building block for quantum networks that give promise for many revolutionary applications. Efficiency and lifetime are among the most important figures of merit for a memory. In this Letter, we report the realization of entanglement between an atomic ensemble and a single photon with subsecond lifetime and high efficiency. We engineer dual control modes in a ring cavity to create entanglement and make use of three-dimensional optical lattice to prolong memory lifetime. The memory efficiency is 38% for 0.1 s storage. We verify the atom-photon entanglement after 1 s storage by testing the Bell inequality with a result of $S=2.36\ifmmode\pm\else\textpm\fi{}0.14$.

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Topics: Photon entanglement (62%), Quantum entanglement (57%), Quantum network (52%) ... read more

7 results found

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: We simulate entanglement sharing between two end-nodes of a quantum network using SeQUeNCe, an open-source simulation package for quantum networks. Our focus is on the rate of entanglement generation between the end-nodes with many repeaters with a finite quantum memory lifetime. Our findings demonstrate that the performance of quantum connection depends highly on the entanglement management protocol scheduling entanglement generation and swapping, resulting in the final end-to-end entanglement. Numerical and analytical simulations show limits of connection performance for a given number of repeaters involved, memory lifetimes for a given distance between the end nodes, and an entanglement management protocol.

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Topics: Quantum entanglement (65%), Quantum network (64%), Quantum (51%)

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVB.104.L161405
A. V. Trifonov1, A. V. Trifonov2, I. A. Akimov3, I. A. Akimov1  +13 moreInstitutions (4)
18 Oct 2021-Physical Review B
Abstract: The authors report on a mechanism of strong enhancement of the band Land\'e parameter $q$ due to in-plane confinement of holes and the valence-band warping. This explains the surprisingly large in-plane hole $g$ factor in symmetric self-assembled (In,Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots with $D2d$ symmetry as revealed by coherent optical spectroscopy. The proposed mechanism results in uniform magnetic field induced optical anisotropy for the entire quantum dot ensemble, which is a prerequisite for the realization of spin quantum memories and spin-photon entanglement in the ensemble.

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Topics: Quantum dot (59%), Quantum entanglement (57%), Spin-½ (54%) ... read more

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: Many applications in quantum communication, sensing and computation need provable quantum non-Gaussian light. Recently, such light witnessed by a negative Wigner function has been estimated using homodyne tomography from a single atom dispersively coupled to a high-finesse cavity \cite{Hacker2019}. It opens an investigation of quantum non-Gaussian light for many experiments with atoms and solid-state emitters. However, at their early stage, an atom or emitter in a cavity system with different channels to the environment and additional noise are insufficient to produce the negative Wigner function. Moreover, the homodyne detection is frequently challenging for such experiments. We analyse those issues and prove such cavities can be used to emit quantum non-Gaussian light employing single-photon detection in the Hanbury-Brown and Twiss configuration and quantum non-Gaussianity criteria suitable for this measurement. We investigate in details the cases of considerable cavity leakage when the negativity of Wigner function disappears completely. Advantageously, quantum non-Gaussian light can be still conclusively proven for a large set of the cavity parameters at the cost of overall measurement time, even if noise is present.

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Topics: Quantum information science (60%), Wigner distribution function (59%), Quantum (55%) ... read more

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: In this paper we report an experiment that verifies an atomic-ensemble quantum memory via a measurement-device-independent scheme. A single photon generated via Rydberg blockade in one atomic ensemble is stored in another atomic ensemble via electromagnetically induced transparency. After storage for a long duration, this photon is retrieved and interfered with a second photon to perform joint Bell-state measurement (BSM). Quantum state for each photon is chosen based on a quantum random number generator respectively in each run. By evaluating correlations between the random states and BSM results, we certify that our memory is genuinely entanglement-preserving.

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Topics: Quantum state (61%), Electromagnetically induced transparency (57%), Photon (57%) ... read more

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: A qubit memory is the building block for quantum information. Cavity-enhanced spin-wave-photon entanglement has been achieved by applying dual-control modes. However, owing to cross readouts between the modes, the qubit retrieval efficiency is about one quarter lower than that for a single spin-wave mode at all storage times. Here, we overcome cross readouts using a multiplexed ring cavity. The cavity is embedded with a polarization interferometer, and we create a write-out photonic qubit entangled with a magnetic-field-insensitive spin-wave qubit by applying a single-mode write-laser beam to cold atoms. The spin-wave qubit is retrieved with a single-mode read-laser beam, and the quarter retrieval-efficiency loss is avoided at all storage times. Our experiment demonstrates 50% intrinsic retrieval efficiency for 540 microsecond storage time, which is 13.5 times longer than the best reported result. Importantly, our multiplexed-cavity scheme paves one road to generate perfect-cavity-enhanced and large-scale multiplexed spin-wave-photon entanglement with a long lifetime.

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Topics: Qubit (61%), Photon entanglement (56%), Quantum entanglement (50%)


60 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.23.880
Abstract: A theorem of Bell, proving that certain predictions of quantum mechanics are inconsistent with the entire family of local hidden-variable theories, is generalized so as to apply to realizable experiments. A proposed extension of the experiment of Kocher and Commins, on the polarization correlation of a pair of optical photons, will provide a decisive test between quantum mechanics and local hidden-variable theories.

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Topics: Local hidden variable theory (67%), Bell test experiments (65%), Superdeterminism (64%) ... read more

6,136 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE07127
H. J. Kimble1Institutions (1)
18 Jun 2008-Nature
Abstract: Quantum networks provide opportunities and challenges across a range of intellectual and technical frontiers, including quantum computation, communication and metrology. The realization of quantum networks composed of many nodes and channels requires new scientific capabilities for generating and characterizing quantum coherence and entanglement. Fundamental to this endeavour are quantum interconnects, which convert quantum states from one physical system to those of another in a reversible manner. Such quantum connectivity in networks can be achieved by the optical interactions of single photons and atoms, allowing the distribution of entanglement across the network and the teleportation of quantum states between nodes.

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Topics: Quantum technology (79%), Quantum network (79%), Quantum sensor (75%) ... read more

4,008 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/REVMODPHYS.38.447
John S. Bell1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The demonstrations of von Neumann and others, that quantum mechanics does not permit a hidden variable interpretation, are reconsidered. It is shown that their essential axioms are unreasonable. It is urged that in further examination of this problem an interesting axiom would be that mutually distant systems are independent of one another.

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2,895 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/35106500
22 Nov 2001-Nature
Abstract: Quantum communication holds promise for absolutely secure transmission of secret messages and the faithful transfer of unknown quantum states. Photonic channels appear to be very attractive for the physical implementation of quantum communication. However, owing to losses and decoherence in the channel, the communication fidelity decreases exponentially with the channel length. Here we describe a scheme that allows the implementation of robust quantum communication over long lossy channels. The scheme involves laser manipulation of atomic ensembles, beam splitters, and single-photon detectors with moderate efficiencies, and is therefore compatible with current experimental technology. We show that the communication efficiency scales polynomially with the channel length, and hence the scheme should be operable over very long distances.

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Topics: Quantum capacity (65%), Quantum channel (64%), Quantum network (63%) ... read more

2,768 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.81.5932
Abstract: In quantum communication via noisy channels, the error probability scales exponentially with the length of the channel. We present a scheme of a quantum repeater that overcomes this limitation. The central idea is to connect a string of (imperfect) entangled pairs of particles by using a novel nested purification protocol, thereby creating a single distant pair of high fidelity. Our scheme tolerates general errors on the percent level, it works with a polynomial overhead in time and a logarithmic overhead in the number of particles that need to be controlled locally.

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Topics: Quantum capacity (63%), Quantum error correction (62%), Quantum network (62%) ... read more

2,420 Citations

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