Abstract: Purpose The morbidity and mortality of gastric cancer (GC) remain high worldwide. In recent years, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have attracted widespread attention among cancer researchers due to the stable ring structure. The present work aims to find serum circRNA biomarkers that can be used in clinical applications and effective diagnosis. Methods Hsa_circ_0007507 was extracted through circRNA sequencing. Exonuclease digestion assay, actinomycin D, agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE), and Sanger sequencing verified the potential of hsa_circ_0007507 as a biomarker. Besides, a real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was established to detect the level of expression of hsa_circ_0007507. Twenty cases of GC and the paired adjacent tissues were collected to verify its overexpression. Then, serum samples from 30 cases of colorectal cancer, 30 cases of thyroid cancer, and 30 cases of breast cancer were collected to verify their organ specificity. Additionally, serum samples from 80 healthy people, 62 gastritis patients, 31 intestinal metaplasia patients, and 100 GC patients were collected, and the diagnostic efficacy was evaluated through analysis of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Furthermore, 16 post-operative GC samples, samples of 65 relapsed patients and 36 non-relapsed patients were collected to evaluate the prognosis of GC. Results The level of expression of hsa_circ_0007507 in GC tissues was up-regulated (p = 0.0121), which was consistent with the results of circRNA sequencing. Exonuclease digestion assay and actinomycin D confirmed that hsa_circ_0007507 had a stable structure and a longer half-life. In the analysis of organ specificity experiments, serum hsa_circ_0007507 did not have specificity for patients with colorectal cancer (p = 0.5319), thyroid cancer (p = 0.5422), or breast cancer (p = 0.5178). Analysis of diagnostic efficacy indicated that the expression of hsa_circ_0007507 was significantly higher than that of normal people (p <0.0001); the area under the ROC (AUC) was 0.832 (95% CI: 0.771-0.892); the diagnostic power of hsa_circ_0007507 was higher than that of CEA (AUC = 0.765, 95% CI: 0.697-0.833) and CA199 (AUC = 0.587, 95% CI: 0.504-0.67). Through diagnosis using a combination of the three, GC patients could be distinguished from normal people (AUC = 0.849), and higher diagnostic efficiency could be achieved. The expression of serum hsa_circ_0007507 in GC patients significantly decreased after surgery (p = 0.001). Besides, the expression of serum hsa_circ_0007507 in patients with post-operative recurrence was significantly up-regulated again (p = 0.0139). Conclusions Serum hsa_circ_0007507 is differentially expressed in GC patients, post-operative GC patients, gastritis patients, intestinal metaplasia patients and relapsed patients, suggesting that serum hsa_circ_0007507 can be used as a new diagnostic and dynamic monitoring biomarker for GC.
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