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Comentarios a la Parte Especial del Derecho Penal

About: The article was published on 2005-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 26 citations till now.
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15 Jan 2015
TL;DR: Apropiacion ilicita is defined as "the conducta of a person who, en su provecho o de un tercero, se apropia indebidamente of un bien mueble, una suma de dinero o un valor that ha recibido en deposito, comision, administración u otro titulo semejante that produzca obligacion de entregar, devolver, o hacer un uso determinado" as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Conforme a lo descrito tipicamente por nuestro ordenamiento juridico penal, se define la apropiacion ilicita como la conducta de quien, “en su provecho o de un tercero, se apropia indebidamente de un bien mueble, una suma de dinero o un valor que ha recibido en deposito, comision, administracion u otro titulo semejante que produzca obligacion de entregar, devolver, o hacer un uso determinado”. En tal sentido, es posible apreciar que en esta modalidad delictiva se observa la accion mediante la cual una persona, que recibe licitamente un bien mueble, total o parcialmente ajeno (segun el caso particular) mediante un titulo no traslativo de dominio, que le impone la obligacion de devolverlo, entregarlo o hacer un uso determinado, se apropia ilegitimamente de el para sacar provecho economico para si o para tercero. De esta manera, “el delito de apropiacion ilicita consiste en negarse a devolver, entregar o dar un uso distinto a un bien mueble que previamente habia recibido el procesado por parte del sujeto pasivo; significando que la exigencia de entrega, devolucion o uso determinado surge paralelamente a la recepcion del bien, por lo que el nucleo probatorio debe girar en torno a la relacion juridica existente entre el objeto materia de apropiacion y el agente” (Sentencia, Sala Superior de Justicia de Lima, Exp. No 3114-97).
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , análisis jurídico-laboral del artículo 312.1 of the Código penal de España is presented, as well as sentencias sobre tráfico ilegal de mano de obra.
Abstract: Esta investigación tiene como punto de partida el análisis jurídico-laboral del artículo 312.1 del Código Penal de España; acudimos a la doctrina iuslaboral y penal que lo examina, así como a las sentencias sobre tráfico ilegal de mano de obra. Pretendemos conocer qué interpretan los jueces, juezas y tribunales del orden penal que es el tráfico ilegal de mano de obra. Para ello, identificamos los elementos significativos que aparecen en los fundamentos jurídicos de las sentencias, cuando analizan el delito, para diferenciarlo de la infracción administrativo-laboral. También buscamos las coincidencias y diferencias entre la interpretación judicial y la académica sobre tráfico ilegal de mano de obra. Realizamos un diseño observacional y no experimental para el estudio de estas, recogiendo la información en un protocolo de observación sistemática, con distintas categorías, construido “ad hoc”. Los datos muestran, por ejemplo, que existen desajustes entre la interpretación académica y la judicial, así como la falta de concreción respecto al bien jurídico protegido.
01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors express that state legislation, even legislation passed to fight acts of extreme violence like terrorism, has to be respectful with the fundamental rights; the response to terrorism can only base its legitimacy in a scrupulous respect to legality and to the guarantees and rights of all citizens.
Abstract: In these lines we mean to express that State’s legislation, even legislation passed to fight acts of extreme violence like terrorism, has to be respectful with the fundamental rights; The response to terrorism can only base its legitimacy in a scrupulous respect to legality and to the guarantees and rights of all citizens. In the peace process, in which our country is still involved and will be till the ending of violence isreached, the Estate has to convince the politic opponent that resort to arms is notnecessary to be heard, to be able to participate in the political system.
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: Amuchategui as mentioned in this paper states that "the idea that in this off-se trust betrays wrongly handled, even said that there is given the name to the off-ense (misappropriation), but actually is not, as there are cases in which no average confi dence yet left the movable thing held by the person; we can say that in some cases if there is a prior trust, but it is not the rule, and that does not always happen "(1993, p. 385).
Abstract: With similar terminology, both repealed the Penal Code of 1924, as in force in 1991, used as an indication of the criminal category under study, the term "misappropriation" at the expense of the so-called "misappropriation", which is also This type of crime is known in the literature (Section nineteenth of the Special Part of the German CP, refers to "theft and misappropriation"). This because the fi rst name is more suited to the peculiarities of the off enses brings the chapter commentary, allowing cover, as indicated Roy Freyre (1983, p. 99), a situation in which "the violation is not evidence a faith supposedly deposited by the victim in the person of the agent, "as in the case of ownership of treasure, lost things or obtained by mistake or accident, etc. (In this regard, we note that the Colombian CP mentions the term "breach of trust" Chapter fi fth, Art 249-; also, the CP of the State of Mexico, also labeled as delinquent category. "Breach of trust" -Chapter III ; Article 302 and ss.). In this regard, Griselda Amuchategui, states that "the idea that in this off ense trust betrays wrongly handled, even said that there is given the name to the off ense (misappropriation), but actually is not, as there are cases in which no average confi dence yet left the movable thing held by the person; we can say that in some cases if there is a prior trust, but it is not the rule, and that does not always happen "(1993, p. 385). PALABRAS CLAVE: Delitos patrimoniales de retencion, Legislacion peruana.