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Community Besieged: The Anglophone Minority and the Politics of Quebec

01 Jan 1999-
TL;DR: In Community Besieged as mentioned in this paper, the authors describe the unusual circumstances that allowed English-speaking Quebecers to live in virtual isolation from their francophone neighbours for almost a century after Confederation, and describe their relations with Maurice Duplessis and the Union Nationale and their ambivalent response to the Quiet Revolution.
Abstract: In Community Besieged Garth Stevenson describes the unusual circumstances that allowed English-speaking Quebecers to live in virtual isolation from their francophone neighbours for almost a century after Confederation. He describes their relations with Maurice Duplessis and the Union Nationale and their ambivalent response to the Quiet Revolution. New political issues - language policy, educational reform, sovereignty, and the constitution - undermined the old system of elite accommodation in Quebec, causing conflicts between anglophones and francophones and creating a new sense of anglophone identity that transcends religious differences. The changing relations of Quebec anglophones with the major political parties, as well as the role of newer entities such as Alliance Quebec and the Equality Party, are also examined. Stevenson concludes with a look at the future of anglophones in Quebec. Based in part on interviews with more than sixty English-speaking Quebecers who have played prominent parts in Quebec's political life, Community Besieged is a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the political life of this unique minority at both the federal and provincial level.
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Charles Boberg1
26 Aug 2010
TL;DR: The authors provide a framework for original studies of English, both present-day and past, and provide theoretical and descriptive contributions to our knowledge of national varities of English language, both written and spoken.
Abstract: Studies in english language. The aim of this series is to provide a framework for original studies of English, both present-day and past. All books are based surely on empirical research, and represent theoretical and descriptive contributions to our knowledge of national varities of English, both written and spoken. The series covers a broad range of topics and approaches, including syntax, phonology, grammar, vocabulary, discourse, pragmatics and sociolinguistics, and is aimed at an international readership.

79 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, an overview of immigrant/host majority relations from an intergroup perspective using the interactive acculturation model is provided, highlighting how integration policies adopted at the national and institutional levels are related to the acculture orientations endorsed by contrasting immigrant and host community undergraduates living in multilingual and multicultural settings.
Abstract: This article provides an overview of immigrant/host majority relations from an intergroup perspective using the interactive acculturation model. Whereas previous research assumed that immigrants must adapt to a single dominant host majority, receiving societies are often made up of host communities whose ethnic and linguistic backgrounds vary, thus offering immigrants the option of adapting to one or more host communities. Two such settings are examined in North America: bilingual Montreal made up of French- and English-speaking host communities; and bilingual Los Angeles with its English-speaking European and African American host communities and its Spanish- and Asian-speaking immigrant communities. The Montreal and Los Angeles studies highlight how integration policies adopted at the national and institutional levels are related to the acculturation orientations endorsed by contrasting immigrant and host community undergraduates living in multilingual and multicultural settings.

69 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: The wage differential between Francophone and Anglophone men from 1970 to 2000 fell by 25 percentage points within Quebec, but only by 10 points Canada-wide, largely because the wages of Quebec Anglophones fell by 15 points relative to other Canadian Angloophones.
Abstract: The wage differential between Francophone and Anglophone men from 1970 to 2000 fell by 25 percentage points within Quebec, but only by 10 points Canada-wide, largely because the wages of Quebec Anglophones fell by 15 points relative to other Canadian Anglophones Accordingly, the Canadian measure of the Francophone wage gap better reflects the changing welfare of Francophones than the Quebec measure Over half of the reduction in the Canadian Francophone wage gap is explained by rising Francophone education levels In Quebec, the declining number and relative wages of Anglophone workers is best explained by a falling demand for English-speaking labour

45 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The use of local democracy as a legitimizing tool for territorial claims may point to the emergence of a new generalized discursive strategy as mentioned in this paper, which highlights the processes by which socio-political movements mobilize residents to their cause while avoiding accusations of NIMBYism.
Abstract: Between 1997 and 2002, homeowners in various parts of Los Angeles sought to secede from the City. At the same time, in Toronto, the province of Ontario forced the amalgamation of six municipalities forming a new megacity of 2.4 million. Residents mobilized for several months. In 2000, the province of Quebec forced the merger of 28 local municipalities in Montreal, forming a new city of 1.8 million. Angst came mostly from suburban Anglophone municipalities, where it was felt mergers would affect linguistic privileges. In the three cases, but stemming from different positions on the Left-Right political spectrum, social actors claimed more local autonomy ‘in the name of local democracy’. Comparing these cases where institutional reforms and claims for local autonomy captured the political agenda, the article asks whether the use of ‘local democracy’ as a legitimizing tool for territorial claims may point to the emergence of a new generalized discursive strategy. Comparing variations in interpretations, and locating them in their respective local political cultures and in relation to the political positioning of claiming groups, highlights the processes by which socio-political movements mobilize residents to their cause while avoiding accusations of NIMBYism. In the end, the article questions the moral tone attached to the expression ‘local democracy’. Entre 1997 et 2002, les proprietaires d'habitation de plusieurs zones de Los Angeles ont cherchea se separer de la ville. Dans le meme temps, a Toronto, la province d'Ontario forcait l'unification de six municipalites en une nouvelle mega-cite de 2.4 millions d'âmes; les habitants se sont mobilises pendant plusieurs mois. En 2000, la province de Quebec a impose la fusion de 28 municipalites locales dans Montreal, constituant une nouvelle ville de 1.8 million de personnes; l'angoisse est nee surtout des municipalites suburbaines anglophones qui craignaient pour leurs privileges linguistiques. Meme si, dans les trois cas, leur position differe dans l'eventail politique Gauche-Droite, les acteurs sociaux ont revendique davantage d'autonomie ‘au nom de la democratie locale’. En comparant ces cas, ou reformes institutionnelles et demandes d'autonomie locale ont accapare le calendrier politique, l'article cherche a savoir si l'usage de la ‘democratie locale’ pour justifier des revendications territoriales pourrait reveler l'emergence d'une nouvelle strategie discursive generalisee. Faire un parallele entre les variations d'interpretations — en les situant dans leurs cultures politiques locales respectives et par rapport a la position politique des groupes de contestation — met en lumiere les processus qui permettent aux mouvements socio-politiques de mobiliser les residents a leur cause sans etre accuses de NIMBYisme. Pour finir, l'article s'interroge sur la coloration morale de l'expression ‘democratie locale’.

43 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In a general context of state reforms, there is an emerging consensus on the strategic role of city-regions in the global economy as mentioned in this paper, and as such, state-led regional reform should be considered.
Abstract: In a general context of state reforms, there is an emerging consensus on the strategic role of city-regions in the global economy. As it is the case in other city-regions, state-led regional reform...

43 citations


Cites background from "Community Besieged: The Anglophone ..."

  • ...They thus turned to more radical discourses with the formation of the provincial Equality Party and were able to elect four representatives to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in 1989 (Stevenson, 1999)....

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