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Competing Partisan Regimes and the Transformation of the Voting Rights Act, 1965-2015

Jesse H. Rhodes
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TLDR
On June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court struck down the coverage formula enabling federal pre-clearance of proposed voting changes in jurisdictions with documented histories of racial discrimination, which was interpreted by as discussed by the authors as the most recent symptom of a long-term partisan and institutional struggle over the scope of federal voting rights enforcement.
Abstract
On June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court struck down the coverage formula enabling federal preclearance of proposed voting changes in jurisdictions with documented histories of racial discrimination. This paper interprets this event as the most recent symptom of a long-term partisan and institutional struggle over the scope of federal voting rights enforcement. Lingering liberal Democratic influence in Congress, coupled with conservatives’ fears of violating the norm of racial equality, obstructed Republican diminution of federal voting rights enforcement via legislation. Consequently, Republicans turned to lower-profile administrative and especially judicial venues, which offered conservative elected officials chances to circumscribe voting rights enforcement while simultaneously maintaining a public facade of support for the norm of racial equality. Over time, this dynamic has yielded a situation in which the Court has come to serve as the judicial arm of the Republican Party, at least in the realm of voting rights.

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Journal ArticleDOI

Enforcing Civil Rights: Race Discrimination and the Department of Justice, Right Turn: William Bradford Reynolds, the Reagan Administration, and Black Civil Rights

TL;DR: Wolters as discussed by the authors argues that the Reagan administration made the "right turn" when they questioned and limited the use of racial considerations in drawing electoral boundaries, and that the Supreme Court endorsed the legal arguments that Reagan's lawyers developed in the fields of voting rights, affirmative action and school desegregation.
Posted Content

Reinforcing Representation: Congressional Power to Enforce the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments in the Rehnquist and Waite Courts'

TL;DR: This paper argued that a parallel exists between the Rehnquist Court's response to the Second Reconstruction and the Waite Court's reaction to the first. But they did not point out that such parallel does not reflect undifferentiated hostility, but instead a more complex manner.

Running For Freedom Civil Rights And Black Politics In America Since 1941

Peter Beike
TL;DR: The running for freedom civil rights and black politics in america since 1941 as mentioned in this paper was one of the first books to be published in the United States of America, and it has been widely read.
Journal ArticleDOI

Black Political Mobilization: Leadership, Power, and Mass Behavior@@@Whose Votes Count? Affirmative Action and Minority Voting Rights

TL;DR: Thernstrom as discussed by the authors analyzes the radical transformation of the Voting Rights Act in the years since its passage and shows how a measure carefully crafted to open the polling booths to southern blacks has evolved into a powerful tool for affirmative action in the electoral sphere, a means to promote black and Hispanic officeholding by creating safe seats for minority candidates.
Posted Content

Understanding the Paradoxical Case of the Voting Rights Act

TL;DR: The Voting Rights Act of 1965 and its curious handling by the U.S. Supreme Court is best explained as an exercise in "living constitutionalism", with the justices acting strategically in pursuit of their policy goals as mentioned in this paper.
References
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Book

Agendas and instability in American politics

TL;DR: Baumgartner and Jones as mentioned in this paper extended their work to illuminate the workings of democracies beyond the United States and pointed out that short-term, single-issue analysis cast public policy too narrowly as the result of cozy and dependable arrangements among politicians, interest groups, and the media.
Journal ArticleDOI

Privatizing Risk without Privatizing the Welfare State: The Hidden Politics of Social Policy Retrenchment in the United States

TL;DR: This paper showed that although most programs have indeed resisted retrenchment, U.S. social policy has also offered increasingly incomplete risk protection in an era of dramatic social change, and argued that the declining scope of risk protection also reflects deliberate and theoretically explicable strategies of reform adopted by welfare state opponents in the face of popular and changeresistant policies.
Book

The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States

TL;DR: The Right to Vote as mentioned in this paper explores the evolution of suffrage over the course of the nation's history and explores the conditions under which American democracy has expanded and contracted over the years.
Book

The Race Card: Campaign Strategy, Implicit Messages, and the Norm of Equality

TL;DR: In this article, a theory of racial appeals is presented, and the impact of implicit and counter-stereotypical messages is discussed, as well as the role of implicit communication beyond race in political communication.
Journal ArticleDOI

Ideas, Institutions, and Political Order: Explaining Political Change

TL;DR: The authors argue that change arises out of "friction" among mismatched institutional and ideational patterns, which makes it hard to explain important episodes of political change, such as American civil rights policy in the 1960s and 1970s.
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