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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.KNOSYS.2021.106780

Comprehensive minimum cost models for large scale group decision making with consistent fuzzy preference relations

05 Mar 2021-Knowledge Based Systems (Elsevier)-Vol. 215, pp 106780
Abstract: Nowadays, society demands group decision making (GDM) problems that require the participation of a large number of experts, so-called large scale group decision making (LS-GDM) problems. Logically, the more experts are involved in the decision making process, the more common is the emergence of disagreements in the group. For this reason, consensus reaching processes (CRPs) are key in the resolution of these problems in order to smooth such disagreements in the group and reach consensual solutions. A CRP requires that experts are receptive to change their initial preferences, but demanding excessive changes could lead to deadlocks. The well-known minimum cost consensus (MCC) model allows to obtain an agreed solution by preserving experts’ preferences as much as possible. However, this MCC model only considers the distance among experts and collective opinion, which is not enough to guarantee a desired degree of consensus. To overcome this limitation, it was proposed comprehensive MCC models (CMCC) in which both consensus degree and distance are considered, and CMCC models deal with fuzzy preference relations (FPRs) for modeling experts’ opinions. However, these models are not efficient to deal with LS-GDM problems and the FPRs consistency is ignored in them. Therefore, this paper aims to propose new CMCC models focused on LS-GDM problems in which experts use FPRs whose consistency is taken into account in order to obtain reliable results. A case study is introduced to show the effectiveness of the proposed models.

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Topics: Group decision-making (55%)

7 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S10726-021-09736-Z
Abstract: Large-scale group decision-making (LSGDM) deals with complex decision- making problems which involve a large number of decision makers (DMs). Such a complex scenario leads to uncertain contexts in which DMs elicit their knowledge using linguistic information that can be modelled using different representations. However, current processes for solving LSGDM problems commonly neglect a key concept in many real-world decision-making problems, such as DMs' regret aversion psychological behavior. Therefore, this paper introduces a novel consensus based linguistic distribution LSGDM (CLDLSGDM) approach based on a statistical inference principle that considers DMs' regret aversion psychological characteristics using regret theory and which aims at obtaining agreed solutions. Specifically, the CLDLSGDM approach applies the statistical inference principle to the consensual information obtained in the consensus process, in order to derive the weights of DMs and attributes using the consensus matrix and adjusted decision-making matrices to solve the decision-making problem. Afterwards, by using regret theory, the comprehensive perceived utility values of alternatives are derived and their ranking determined. Finally, a performance evaluation of public hospitals in China is given as an example in order to illustrate the implementation of the designed method. The stability and advantages of the designed method are analyzed by a sensitivity and a comparative analysis.

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Topics: Regret (64%), Statistical inference (56%), Group decision-making (53%) ... read more

3 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/INT.22561
Abstract: Consensus Reaching Processes (CRPs) deal with those group decision‐making situations in which conflicts among experts' opinions make difficult the reaching of an agreed solution. This situation, worsens in large‐scale group decision situations, in which opinions tend to be more polarized, because in problems with extreme opinions it is harder to reach an agreement. Several studies have shown that experts' preferences may not always follow a linear scale, as it has commonly been assumed in previous CRP. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to study the effect of modeling this nonlinear behavior of experts' preferences (expressed by fuzzy preference relations) in CRPs. To do that, the experts' preferences will be remapped by using nonlinear deformations which amplify or reduce the distance between the extreme values. We introduce such automorphisms to remap the preferences as Extreme Values Amplifications (EVAs) and Extreme Values Reductions (EVRs), study their main properties and propose several families of these EVA and EVR functions. An analysis about the behavior of EVAs and EVRs when are implemented in a generic consensus model is then developed. Finally, an illustrative experiment to study the performance of different families of EVAs in CRPs is provided.

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1 Citations

Open accessPosted ContentDOI: 10.21203/RS.3.RS-765446/V1
02 Aug 2021-
Abstract: To address the situation where the incomplete hesitant fuzzy preference relation (IHFPR) is necessary, this paper develops decision-making models based on decision makers’ satisfaction degree with IHFPR. First, the consistency measures from the perspectives of additive and multiplicative consistent IHFPR are defined based on the relationships between the IHPFRs and their corresponding priority weight vector, respectively. Second, two decision-making models are developed in view of the proposed additive and multiplicative consistency measures. The main characteristic of the constructed model sarethey taking into account the decision makers’ satisfaction degree. The objective functions of the models are developed by maximizing the parameter of satisfaction degree. Third, a square programming model is developed to obtain the decision makers’ weights byutilizing the optimal priority weight vectors information, the solution of the model is obtained by solving the partial derivatives ofLagrange function.Finally, a procedure for multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems with IHFPRs is given, and an illustrative example in conjunction with comparative analysis is used to demonstrate the proposed models are feasible and efficiency for practical MCDM problems.

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.3233/JIFS-211704
Abstract: Individual opinion is one of the vital factors influencing the consensus in group decision-making, and is often uncertain. The previous studies mostly used probability distribution, interval distribution or uncertainty distribution function to describe the uncertainty of individual opinions. However, this requires an accurate understanding of the individual opinions distribution, which is often difficult to satisfy in real life. In order to overcome this shortcoming, this paper uses a robust optimization method to construct three uncertain sets to better characterize the uncertainty of individual initial opinions. In addition, we used three different aggregation operators to obtain collective opinions instead of using fixed values. Furthermore, we applied the numerical simulations on flood disaster assessment in south China so as to evaluate the robustness of the solutions obtained by the robust consensus models that we proposed. The results showed that the proposed models are more robust than the previous models. Finally, the sensitivity analysis of uncertain parameters was discussed and compared, and the characteristics of the proposed models were revealed.

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TECHFORE.2021.121391
Abstract: Since the first report on the Circular Economy (CE) appeared in 2013, there has been an explosion of interest in the subject by society and the business world. Thus, a base of academic literature has been developed, seeking the establishment of principles that serve as a theoretical foundation for the concept of CE. Governments demand to know how organizations are evolving in the transition towards the new production model. However, despite the efforts of researchers and companies to develop effective measurement systems, it is not easy to decide which aspects to measure, nor to determine the degree of intensity in which an organization implements the CE model. The measurement proposals combine different methodologies that are costly and time consuming procedures. We propose a comprehensive minimum cost consensus model for large scale group decision making, in which the initial experts’ preferences are automatically adjusted to obtain the measurement and cost of indicators, so that they might agree on the measurements implemented. The main aim of this research is not only to provide a quick, useful and correct method for measuring the CE, but also to show its correctness, advantages and usefulness by comparing its performance with a real case.

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Topics: Group decision-making (52%)


41 results found

Open accessBook
31 Oct 1994-
Abstract: Introduction. 1. Fuzzy logical connectives. 2. Valued binary relations. 3. Valued preference modelling. 4. Similarity relations and valued orders. 5. Aggregation operations. 6. Ranking procedures. 7. Multiple criteria decision making. 8. Summary, perspectives and open problems. Index.

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Topics: Fuzzy logic (52%)

1,827 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Jan 2007-
Abstract: Aggregation of information is of primary importance in the construction of knowledge based systems in various domains, ranging from medicine, economics, and engineering to decision-making processes, artificial intelligence, robotics, and machine learning. This book gives a broad introduction into the topic of aggregation functions, and provides a concise account of the properties and the main classes of such functions, including classical means, medians, ordered weighted averaging functions, Choquet and Sugeno integrals, triangular norms, conorms and copulas, uninorms, nullnorms, and symmetric sums. It also presents some state-of-the-art techniques, many graphical illustrations and new interpolatory aggregation functions. A particular attention is paid to identification and construction of aggregation functions from application specific requirements and empirical data. This book provides scientists, IT specialists and system architects with a self-contained easy-to-use guide, as well as examples of computer code and a software package. It will facilitate construction of decision support, expert, recommender, control and many other intelligent systems.

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1,382 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0165-0114(78)90001-5
S.A. Orlovsky1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In most decisio-making problems a preference relation in the set of alternatives is of a fuzzy nature, reflecting for instance on the fuzziness of experts estimates of the preferences. In this paper, the corresponding fuzzy equivalence and strict preference relations are defined for a given fuzzy non-strict preference relation in an unfuzzy set of alternatives which are used to introduce in a natural way the fuzzy set of nondominated alternatives. Two types of linearity of a fuzzy relation are introduced and the equivalence of the unfuzzy nondominated alternatives is studied. It is shown that unfuzzy nondominated solutions to the decision-making problem exist, provided the original fuzzy relation satisfies some topological requirements. A simple method of calculating these solutions is indicated.

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Topics: Fuzzy set operations (69%), Fuzzy number (68%), Preference relation (66%) ... read more

1,031 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0165-0114(84)90032-0
Tetsuzo Tanino1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In this paper, some use of fuzzy preference orderings in group decision making is discussed. First, fuzzy preference orderings are defined as fuzzy binary relations satisfying reciprocity and max-min transitivity. Then, particularly in the case where individual preferences are represented by utility functions (utility values), group fuzzy preference orderings of which fuzziness is caused by differences or diversity of individual opinions are defined. Those orderings might be useful for proceeding the group decision making process smoothly, in the same manner as the extended contributive rule method.

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952 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1137/15M1020575
05 May 2017-Siam Review
Abstract: JuMP is an open-source modeling language that allows users to express a wide range of optimization problems (linear, mixed-integer, quadratic, conic-quadratic, semidefinite, and nonlinear) in a high-level, algebraic syntax. JuMP takes advantage of advanced features of the Julia programming language to offer unique functionality while achieving performance on par with commercial modeling tools for standard tasks. In this work we will provide benchmarks, present the novel aspects of the implementation, and discuss how JuMP can be extended to new problem classes and composed with state-of-the-art tools for visualization and interactivity.

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Topics: Modeling language (62%), Syntax (programming languages) (54%), Jump (54%) ... read more

730 Citations

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