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Journal ArticleDOI

Comprehensive Review of Distributed FACTS Control Algorithms for Power Quality Enhancement in Utility Grid With Renewable Energy Penetration

08 Jun 2020-IEEE Access (IEEE)-Vol. 8, pp 107614-107634

TL;DR: A comprehensive review of various conventional and adaptive algorithms used to control DFACTS devices for improvement of power quality in utility grids with RE penetration is presented.

AbstractRapid industrialization and its automation on the globe demands increased generation of electrical energy with more reliability and quality. Renewable energy (RE) sources are considered as a green form of energy and extensively used as an alternative source of energy for conventional energy sources to meet the increased demand for electrical power. However, these sources, when integrated to the utility grid, pose challenges in maintaining the power quality (PQ) and stability of the power system network. This is due to the unpredictable and variable nature of generation by these sources. The distributed flexible AC transmission system (DFACTS) devices such as distributed static compensator (DSTATCOM) and dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) play an active role in mitigating PQ issues associated with RE penetration. The performance of DFACTS devices is mostly dependent on the type of control algorithms employed for switching of these devices. This paper presents a comprehensive review of various conventional and adaptive algorithms used to control DFACTS devices for improvement of power quality in utility grids with RE penetration. This review intends to provide a summary of the design, experimental hardware, performance and feasibility aspects of these algorithms reported in the literature. More than 170 research publications are critically reviewed, classified, and listed for quick reference for the advantage of engineers and academician working in this area.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A critical review of techniques used for detection and classification PQ disturbances in the utility grid with renewable energy penetration is presented, to provide various concepts utilized for extraction of the features to detect and classify the P Q disturbances even in the noisy environment.
Abstract: The global concern with power quality is increasing due to the penetration of renewable energy (RE) sources to cater the energy demands and meet de-carbonization targets. Power quality (PQ) disturbances are found to be more predominant with RE penetration due to the variable outputs and interfacing converters. There is a need to recognize and mitigate PQ disturbances to supply clean power to the consumer. This article presents a critical review of techniques used for detection and classification PQ disturbances in the utility grid with renewable energy penetration. The broad perspective of this review paper is to provide various concepts utilized for extraction of the features to detect and classify the PQ disturbances even in the noisy environment. More than 220 research publications have been critically reviewed, classified and listed for quick reference of the engineers, scientists and academicians working in the power quality area.

29 citations


Cites background from "Comprehensive Review of Distributed..."

  • ...These classified disturbances are later mitigated in the mitigation stage using distributed flexible AC transmission system (DFACTS) devices [37]....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A critical one-stop handbook related to one hundred and four methods in six categories covering all kinds of networks and tailored applications for ESS selection, evaluation criteria, modelling and solution methods is provided.
Abstract: Energy storage system (ESS) has been expected to be a viable solution which can provide diverse benefits to different power system stakeholders, including generation side, transmission network (TN), distribution network (DN) and off-grid microgrid. Prudent ESS allocation in power grids determines satisfactory performance of ESS applications. Optimal sizing and placement of ESS are crucial for power quality improvement of DN and transmission system protection setting. To solve this issue, considerable researches have been done either in modelling or algorithms. However, various options and complex characteristics in different sub-systems make it difficult to appraise a specific method for an ESS application, while the existing reviews only focus on ESS applications in DN. This paper provides a critical one-stop handbook related to one hundred and four methods in six categories covering all kinds of networks and tailored applications. Meanwhile, a systematic methodology is presented with an extensive latest literature review, including ESS selection, evaluation criteria, modelling and solution methods. Particularly, different technical requirements and modelling methods of different sub-systems are outlined. Besides, pros and cons of optimization methods are thoroughly analysed and compared to reveal state-of-the-art studies. Finally, key points in optimal ESS sizing and placement are concluded along with recommendations for future research.

14 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The proposed ICPSO algorithm has the merit of continuous adjustment of weight components which reduces active power oscillations at the optimal global position area and enhances the output power of the Solar-PV up to 7% with the maximum power tracking of 0.1 s compared to other maximum power point tracking algorithms.
Abstract: In practical operating conditions, the Solar-Photo Voltaic (SPV) system experiences multifarious irradiation and temperature levels, which generate power with multiple peaks. This is considered as the nonuniform operating condition (NUOC). This requires accurate tracking of global power peaks to achieve maximum power from SPV, which is a challenging task. Hence, this paper presents an incremental Conductance based Particle Swarm Optimization (ICPSO) algorithm for accurate tracking of maximum global power from active power multiple peaks generated by the SPV. The proposed algorithm continuously adjusts the individual particle’s weight component, which depends on its distance from the global best position during the tracking process. The proposed algorithm has the merit of continuous adjustment of weight components which reduces active power oscillations at the optimal global position area. Proposed ICPSO algorithm has been successfully designed and implemented for Solar-photo voltaic (PV) under nonuniform operating condition. It is established that the proposed algorithm enhances the output power of the Solar-PV up to 7% with the maximum power tracking of 0.1 s compared to other maximum power point tracking algorithms.

12 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
11 Aug 2020-Energies
TL;DR: A thorough discussion and comprehensive review of DVR topologies based on operations, power converters, control methods, and applications and the state-of-the-art in works of literature, and comparative study on power quality issues are provided.
Abstract: Power quality is a pressing concern and of the utmost importance for advanced and high-tech equipment in particular, whose performance relies heavily on the supply’s quality. Power quality issues like voltage sags/swells, harmonics, interruptions, etc. are defined as any deviations in current, voltage, or frequency that result in end-use equipment damage or failure. Sensitive loads like medical equipment in hospitals and health clinics, schools, prisons, etc. malfunction for the outages and interruptions, thereby causing substantial economic losses. For enhancing power quality, custom power devices (CPDs) are recommended, among which the Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) is considered as the best and cost-effective solution. DVR is a power electronic-based solution to mitigate and compensate voltage sags. This paper provides a thorough discussion and comprehensive review of DVR topologies based on operations, power converters, control methods, and applications. The review compares the state-of-the-art in works of literature, and comparative study on power quality issues, the DVR principle along with its operation modes, the DVR components, the DVR topologies based on energy storage, the DVR topologies based on single-/three-phase power converters, and the DVR topologies based on control units that have different control processing stages. Furthermore, modified and improved configurations of the DVR, as well as its integration with distributed generations, are described. This work serves as a comprehensive and useful reference for those who have an interest in researching DVRs.

11 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: An algorithm making use of hybrid features of Hilbert transform (HT) and Stockwell transform (ST) to identify the single-stage and multiple (multi-stage) power quality disturbances (PQDs) is introduced in this manuscript. A power quality index (PI) and time location index (TLI), based on the features computed from the voltage signal by the use of HT and ST are proposed for recognition of the PQDs. Four features extracted from the PI and TLI are considered for classification of the PQDs achieved using decision tree driven by rules. The algorithm is tested on the PQDs generated with the help of mathematical models (in conformity with standard IEEE-1159). Performance is evaluated on 100 data set of every disturbance computed by varying various parameters, and efficiency is found to be greater than 99%. It is established that an algorithm is effective for recognition of PQ events with an efficiency greater than 98% even in the presence of high-level noise. Algorithm is faster compared to many reported techniques and scalable for application to voltages of all range. Results are validated through comparison with the results of the algorithms reported in the literature. Performance of the algorithm is effectively validated on the practical utility network. This algorithm can be effectively implemented for designing the power quality (PQ) monitoring devices for the utility grids.

3 citations


References
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TL;DR: The Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS)—a new technology based on power electronics—offers an opportunity to enhance controllability, stability, and power transfer capability of ac transmission systems.

4,130 citations


"Comprehensive Review of Distributed..." refers background in this paper

  • ...This minimizes real and reactive power loss in the distribution network [55], [56]....

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  • ...More than 170 research publications [1-176] have been reviewed critically and presented in seven sections of this paper....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: New trends in power electronics for the integration of wind and photovoltaic (PV) power generators are presented and a review of the appropriate storage-system technology used for the Integration of intermittent renewable energy sources is introduced.
Abstract: The use of distributed energy resources is increasingly being pursued as a supplement and an alternative to large conventional central power stations. The specification of a power-electronic interface is subject to requirements related not only to the renewable energy source itself but also to its effects on the power-system operation, especially where the intermittent energy source constitutes a significant part of the total system capacity. In this paper, new trends in power electronics for the integration of wind and photovoltaic (PV) power generators are presented. A review of the appropriate storage-system technology used for the integration of intermittent renewable energy sources is also introduced. Discussions about common and future trends in renewable energy systems based on reliability and maturity of each technology are presented

3,446 citations


"Comprehensive Review of Distributed..." refers background or methods in this paper

  • ...The development of DFACTS devices used in the distribution network to improve the PQ has also resulted in the increased RE penetration levels in the grid [14], [15]....

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  • ...More than 170 research publications [1-176] have been reviewed critically and presented in seven sections of this paper....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a comprehensive review of active filter configurations, control strategies, selection of components, other related economic and technical considerations, and their selection for specific applications.
Abstract: Active filtering of electric power has now become a mature technology for harmonic and reactive power compensation in two-wire (single phase), three-wire (three phase without neutral), and four-wire (three phase with neutral) AC power networks with nonlinear loads. This paper presents a comprehensive review of active filter (AF) configurations, control strategies, selection of components, other related economic and technical considerations, and their selection for specific applications. It is aimed at providing a broad perspective on the status of AF technology to researchers and application engineers dealing with power quality issues. A list of more than 200 research publications on the subject is also appended for a quick reference.

2,179 citations


"Comprehensive Review of Distributed..." refers background in this paper

  • ...RE penetration into the utility grid would further deteriorate the quality of power due to the unpredictable output of the RE sources and converters used for their interfacing with the grid [38], [39]....

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  • ...More than 170 research publications [1-176] have been reviewed critically and presented in seven sections of this paper....

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Book ChapterDOI
01 Aug 1976
TL;DR: It is shown that for stationary inputs the LMS adaptive algorithm, based on the method of steepest descent, approaches the theoretical limit of efficiency in terms of misadjustment and speed of adaptation when the eigenvalues of the input correlation matrix are equal or close in value.
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1,398 citations


"Comprehensive Review of Distributed..." refers background in this paper

  • ...More than 170 research publications [1-176] have been reviewed critically and presented in seven sections of this paper....

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