Abstract: Owing to the lack of consensus about the way Chapman–Enskog should be performed, a new Taylor-expansion of lattice-Boltzmann models is proposed. In contrast to the Chapman–Enskog expansion, recalled in this manuscript, the method only assumes a sufficiently small time step. Based on the Taylor expansion, the collision kernel is reinterpreted as a closure for the stress-tensor equation. Numerical coupling of lattice-Boltzmann models with other numerical schemes, also encompassed by the method, is shown to create error terms whose scalings are more complex than those obtained via Chapman–Enskog. An athermal model and two compressible models are carefully analyzed through this new scope, casting a new light on each model's consistency with the Navier–Stokes equations.

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Topics: Lattice Boltzmann methods (54%)

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7 results found

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Abstract: A unified expression for high-speed compressible segregated consistent lattice Boltzmann methods, namely, pressure-based and improved density-based methods, is given. It is theoretically proved that in the absence of forcing terms, these approaches are strictly identical and can be recast in a unique form. An important result is that the difference with classical density-based methods lies in the addition of fourth-order term in the equilibrium function. It is also shown that forcing terms used to balance numerical errors in both original pressure-based and improved density-based methods can be written in a generalized way. A hybrid segregated efficient lattice-Boltzmann for compressible flow based on this unified model, equipped with a recursive regularization kernel, is proposed and successfully assessed on a wide set of test cases with and without shock waves.

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Topics: Compressible flow (56%), Lattice Boltzmann methods (56%), Kernel (statistics) (53%) ... read more

2 Citations

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Abstract: With the aim of better understanding the numerical properties of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), a general methodology is proposed to derive its hydrodynamic limits in the discrete setting. It relies on a Taylor expansion in the limit of low Knudsen numbers. With a single asymptotic analysis, two kinds of deviations with the Navier-Stokes (NS) equations are explicitly evidenced: consistency errors, inherited from the kinetic description of the LBM, and numerical errors attributed to its space and time discretization. The methodology is applied to the Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK), the regularized and the multiple relaxation time (MRT) collision models in the isothermal framework. Deviation terms are systematically confronted to linear analyses in order to validate their expressions, interpret them and provide explanations for their numerical properties. The low dissipation of the BGK model is then related to a particular pattern of its error terms in the Taylor expansion. Similarly, dissipation properties of the regularized and MRT models are explained by a phenomenon referred to as hyperviscous degeneracy. The latter consists in an unexpected resurgence of high-order Knudsen effects induced by a large numerical pre-factor. It is at the origin of over-dissipation and severe instabilities in the low-viscosity regime.

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Topics: Lattice Boltzmann methods (55%), Discretization (54%), Knudsen number (53%) ... read more

1 Citations

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Abstract: This Letter reports a validation of a lattice-Boltzmann approach following the Taylor–Green Vortex benchmark presented at the 19th International Congress on Numerical Combustion and recently reported by Abdelsamie et al. [“The Taylor–Green vortex as a benchmark for high-fidelity combustion simulations using low-Mach solvers,” Comput. Fluids 223, 104935 (2021)]. The lattice-Boltzmann approach, despite having a time step bound by an acoustic Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy condition, provides results faster than the low-Mach solvers which performed to the benchmark. Such a feat is made possible by the fully explicit nature of the method and indicates very high potential for practical applications.

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Topics: Solver (53%), Benchmark (computing) (53%), Lattice Boltzmann methods (50%)

1 Citations

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Abstract: This paper addresses simulation of heat dominated compressible flows in a closed cavity using a pressure-based lattice Boltzmann (LB) method, in which thermal effects are modeled by applying a pressure-featured zero-order moment of distribution functions. A focus is made on the conservation of mass at boundary nodes, which is a challenging issue that significantly complicated by the density-decoupled zero-order moment here. The mass leakage at boundary nodes is mathematically quantified, which enables an efficient local mass correction scheme. The performance of this solver is assessed by simulating buoyancy-driven flows in a closed deferentially heated cavity with large temperature differences (non-Boussinesq) at Rayleigh numbers ranging from 103 to 107. Simulations show that mass leakage at solid walls in such configurations is a critical issue to obtain reliable solutions, and it eventually leads to simulations overflow when the cavity is inclined. The proposed mass correction scheme is, however, shown to be effective to control the mass leakage and get accurate solutions. Thus, associated with the proposed mass conservation scheme, the pressure-based LB method becomes reliable to study natural convection dominated flows at large temperature differences in closed geometries with mesh aligned boundaries or not.

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Topics: Conservation of mass (61%), Lattice Boltzmann methods (55%), Natural convection (54%) ... read more

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Abstract: A D3Q19 hybrid recursive regularized pressure based lattice-Boltzmann method (HRR-P LBM) is assessed for the simulation of complex transonic flows. Mass and momentum conservation equations are resolved through a classical LBM solver coupled with a finite volume resolution of entropy equation for a complete compressible solver preserving stability, accuracy, and computational costs. An efficient treatment for wall and open boundaries is coupled with a grid refinement technique and extended to the HRR-P LBM in the scope of compressible aerodynamics. A Vreman subgrid turbulence model and an improved coupling of immersed boundary method with turbulence wall model on Cartesian grid accounts for unresolved scales by large-eddy simulation. The validity of the present method for transonic applications is investigated through various test cases with increasing complexity starting from an inviscid flow over a 10% bump and ending with a turbulent flow over a ONERA M6 three-dimensional wing.

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Topics: Inviscid flow (55%), Aerodynamics (54%), Finite volume method (54%) ... read more

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59 results found

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01 Jan 1954-

Abstract: A kinetic theory approach to collision processes in ionized and neutral gases is presented. This approach is adequate for the unified treatment of the dynamic properties of gases over a continuous range of pressures from the Knudsen limit to the high-pressure limit where the aerodynamic equations are valid. It is also possible to satisfy the correct microscopic boundary conditions. The method consists in altering the collision terms in the Boltzmann equation. The modified collision terms are constructed so that each collision conserves particle number, momentum, and energy; other characteristics such as persistence of velocities and angular dependence may be included. The present article illustrates the technique for a simple model involving the assumption of a collision time independent of velocity; this model is applied to the study of small amplitude oscillations of one-component ionized and neutral gases. The initial value problem for unbounded space is solved by performing a Fourier transformation on the space variables and a Laplace transformation on the time variable. For uncharged gases there results the correct adiabatic limiting law for sound-wave propagation at high pressures and, in addition, one obtains a theory of absorption and dispersion of sound for arbitrary pressures. For ionized gases the difference in the nature of the organization in the low-pressure plasma oscillations and in high-pressure sound-type oscillations is studied. Two important cases are distinguished. If the wavelengths of the oscillations are long compared to either the Debye length or the mean free path, a small change in frequency is obtained as the collision frequency varies from zero to infinity. The accompanying absorption is small; it reaches its maximum value when the collision frequency equals the plasma frequency. The second case refers to waves shorter than both the Debye length and the mean free path; these waves are characterized by a very heavy absorption.

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Topics: Component (UML) (56%)

6,003 Citations

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Abstract: A kinetic theory approach to collision processes in ionized and neutral gases is presented. This approach is adequate for the unified treatment of the dynamic properties of gases over a continuous range of pressures from the Knudsen limit to the high-pressure limit where the aerodynamic equations are valid. It is also possible to satisfy the correct microscopic boundary conditions. The method consists in altering the collision terms in the Boltzmann equation. The modified collision terms are constructed so that each collision conserves particle number, momentum, and energy; other characteristics such as persistence of velocities and angular dependence may be included. The present article illustrates the technique for a simple model involving the assumption of a collision time independent of velocity; this model is applied to the study of small amplitude oscillations of one-component ionized and neutral gases. The initial value problem for unbounded space is solved by performing a Fourier transformation on the space variables and a Laplace transformation on the time variable. For uncharged gases there results the correct adiabatic limiting law for sound-wave propagation at high pressures and, in addition, one obtains a theory of absorption and dispersion of sound for arbitrary pressures. For ionized gases the difference in the nature of the organization in the low-pressure plasma oscillations and in high-pressure sound-type oscillations is studied. Two important cases are distinguished. If the wavelengths of the oscillations are long compared to either the Debye length or the mean free path, a small change in frequency is obtained as the collision frequency varies from zero to infinity. The accompanying absorption is small; it reaches its maximum value when the collision frequency equals the plasma frequency. The second case refers to waves shorter than both the Debye length and the mean free path; these waves are characterized by a very heavy absorption.

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Topics: Inelastic collision (63%), Coulomb collision (63%), Collision frequency (63%) ... read more

5,976 Citations

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Abstract: We show that discrete lattice effects must be considered in the introduction of a force into the lattice Boltzmann equation. A representation of the forcing term is then proposed. With the representation, the Navier-Stokes equation is derived from the lattice Boltzmann equation through the Chapman-Enskog expansion. Several other existing force treatments are also examined.

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Topics: HPP model (68%), Lattice Boltzmann methods (67%), Lattice model (physics) (67%) ... read more

1,518 Citations

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06 Sep 2007-

Abstract: Finite difference approximations -- Steady states and boundary value problems -- Elliptic equations -- Iterative methods for sparse linear systems -- The initial value problem for ordinary differential equations -- Zero-stability and convergence for initial value problems -- Absolute stability for ordinary differential equations -- Stiff ordinary differential equations -- Diffusion equations and parabolic problems -- Addiction equations and hyperbolic systems -- Mixed equations -- Appendixes: A. Measuring errors -- B. Polynomial interpolation and orthogonal polynomials -- C. Eigenvalues and inner-product norms -- D. Matrix powers and exponentials -- E. Partial differential equations.

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Topics: Numerical partial differential equations (76%), Stochastic partial differential equation (76%), Exponential integrator (74%) ... read more

1,195 Citations