Contingencies of value : alternative perspectives for critical theory
01 Mar 1989-The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism (Harvard University Press)-Vol. 47, Iss: 2, pp 182-184
TL;DR: The politics of evaluative critical criticism has been studied extensively in the literature, see as mentioned in this paper for a survey. But the main focus of this paper is on evaluating Shakespeare's sonnets and critical problematics.
Abstract: 1. Fixed Marks and Variable Constancies: A Parable of Value Evaluating Shakespeare's Sonnets Critical Problematics 2. The Exile of Evaluation Fact and Value in the Literary Academy The Politics of Evaluative Criticism An Alternative Project 3. Contingencies of Value Contingency and Interdependence Matters of Taste Processes of Evaluation The Dynamics of Endurance 4. Axiologic Logic Hume's Natural Standard Kant's Pure Judgments Logical Tastes and The Other's Poison Three Postaxiological Postscripts 5. Truth/Value Judgment Typology and Maclntyre's Fall Value without Truth-Value Changing Places: Truth, Error, and Deconstruction 6. The Critiques of Utility Humanism, Anti-Utilitarianism, and the Double Discourse of Value Bataille's Expenditure Endless (Ex)Change 7. Matters of Consequence Critiques and Charges: The Objectivist Generation of "Relativism" Quietism and the Active Relativist Community, Solidarity, and the Pragmatist's Dilemma Politics and Justification Conceptual Tastes and Practical Consequences Notes Index
01 Jan 2000
TL;DR: The Methodology of the Oppressed as mentioned in this paper is an alternative mode of criticism opening new perspectives on a theoretical, literary, aesthetic, social movement, or psychic expression in the U.S. Third World Feminism.
Abstract: In a work with far-reaching implications, Chela Sandoval does no less than revise the genealogy of theory over the past thirty years, inserting what she terms "U.S. Third World feminism" into the narrative in a way that thoroughly alters our perspective on contemporary culture and subjectivity.What Sandoval has identified is a language, a rhetoric of resistance to postmodern cultural conditions. U.S liberation movements of the post-World War II era generated specific modes of oppositional consciousness. Out of these emerged a new activity of consciousness and language Sandoval calls the "methodology of the oppressed". This methodology -- born of the strains of the cultural and identity struggles that currently mark global exchange -- holds out the possibility of a new historical moment, a new citizen-subject, and a new form of alliance consciousness and politics. Utilizing semiotics and U.S. Third World feminist criticism, Sandoval demonstrates how this methodology mobilizes love as a category of critical analysis. Rendering this approach in all its specifics, Methodology of the Oppressed gives rise to an alternative mode of criticism opening new perspectives on a theoretical, literary, aesthetic, social movement, or psychic expression.
TL;DR: The 15th Discourse and Reflexivity Workshop (University of Sheffield, September 1992) as discussed by the authors provided helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper, which is the basis for this paper.
Abstract: and participants in the 15th Discourse and Reflexivity Workshop (University of Sheffield, September 1992) for making helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper. In this version pages are counted according to the published numbers with breaks following the published version.
01 Jan 2002
TL;DR: In this paper, Huot argues that assessment has been used as an interested social mechanism for reinscribing current power relations and class systems, and argues that what is not valued is not assessed; it tends to disappear from the curriculum.
Abstract: Brian Huot's aim for this book is both ambitious and provocative. He wants to reorient composition studies' view of writing assessment. To accomplish this, he not only has to inspire the field to perceive assessment--generally not the most appreciated area of study--as deeply significant to theory and pedagogy, he also has to counter some common misconceptions about the history of assessment in writing. In (Re)Articulating Writing Assessment, Huot advocates a new understanding, a more optimistic and productive one than we have seen in composition for a very long time. Assessment, as Huot points out, defines what is valued by a teacher or a society. What isn't valued isn't assessed; it tends to disappear from the curriculum. The dark side of this truth is what many teachers find troubling about large scale assessments, as standardized tests don't grant attention or merit to all they should. Instead, assessment has been used as an interested social mechanism for reinscribing current power relations and class systems.
TL;DR: The authors argue that an acceptance of a cause-and-effect relationship between tourism and cultural commodification requires a problematic notion of "authenticity", which is a double discourse of value, in which an intrinsic and sacred cultural sphere of value is presumed to circulate independent of an unstable and profane economic sphere.
Abstract: This article revisits the question of tourism’s role in the commodification of culture. I argue that an acceptance of a cause and effect relationship between tourism and cultural commodification requires an acceptance of a problematic notion of ‘authenticity’. This is because the belief that tourism causes cultural commodification is based on a largely unexamined reliance on Marx’s labor theory of value, source of what Barbara Herrnstein Smith has referred to as a ‘double discourse of value’, in which an intrinsic and sacred cultural sphere of value is presumed to circulate independent of an unstable and profane economic sphere of value. Given the social fact that everything, including ‘culture’, is a potential commodity, it would be useful for research to focus on how individuals and groups in host societies gain access to new forms of exchange rather than simply on the fact of commodification.
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