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Journal ArticleDOI

CORRIGENDUM: Effect of process parameters on the chemical vapour synthesis of nanocrystalline titania Effect of process parameters on the chemical vapour synthesis of nanocrystalline titania

01 Apr 2009-Vol. 42, Iss: 7, pp 079801
About: The article was published on 2009-04-01. It has received 1 citation(s) till now. The article focuses on the topic(s): Nanocrystalline material.
Topics: Nanocrystalline material (55%)
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TL;DR: The fundamental design considerations for a hot wall reactor system able to produce oxide nanoparticles and it is found that applying electrical charges to the aerosol particles (in opposite polarity) can significantly foster aggregation.
Abstract: For gas phase nanoparticle production, hot wall reactors are widely used. In this article, we will describe the fundamental design considerations for a hot wall reactor system able to produce oxide nanoparticles. The system is outstanding in its ability to produce mostly spherical nanoparticles at particle sizes of up to 100 nm and even larger at mass outputs in the order of grams per hour by being able to rapidly quench the aerosol. While high production rates or larger particle sizes are already easily obtained with hot wall reactors, it is very challenging to produce these spherical particles at high mass rates. We will show in this research that the temperature and the particle number concentration are the major aspects influencing the particle morphology at the end of the process. Investigation on the performance of the setup shows good control over the temperature and the particle production stability. A representative particle characterization using SEM and scanning mobility particle sizer showed that particles are mostly spherical, while the particle size distribution had a geometric standard deviation close to 1.5. In addition to the aspects mentioned above, a possibility to manipulate the aggregation downstream of the reactor is to be presented as well. We found that applying electrical charges to the aerosol particles (in opposite polarity) can significantly foster aggregation.