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Journal ArticleDOI

Creatinine complexes of zinc, cadmium and mercury

01 Jan 1984-Polyhedron (Pergamon)-Vol. 3, Iss: 5, pp 619-621

AbstractZinc, cadmium and mercury(II) complexes of creatinine of the composition M(Creat) 2 X 2 (X = Cl, Br or I) are prepared. The complexes are characterized by analytical and spectral methods. The increase in cyclic NH stretching frequency in the case of complexes (3350 cm −1 ) from that of the free ligand (3300 cm −1 ) suggested that secondary nitrogen is involved in coordination. The shift in the resonances of cyclic NH proton in the 1 H NMR and carbonyl and imine carbons in 13 C NMR when compared to the ligand indicated that cyclic nitrogen coordinates. Conductivity measurements in N, N-dimethylformamide suggested that the complexes are non-electrolytes. Thermal decomposition behaviour of the complexes is also discussed.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Examination of the major components of human urine in this assay confirms that at physiological concentrations, urate protects against both types of oxygen radicals, and a novel finding is that creatinine protects efficiently by a chelation mechanism against radical damage in the ascorbate‐Cu2+ system at Creatinine, ascorBate, and Cu2+ concentrations comparable to those in normal urine.
Abstract: Attack by reactive oxygen species leads to a decay in phycoerythrin fluorescence emission. This phenomenon provides a versatile new assay for small molecules and macromolecules that can function as protective compounds. With 1-2 x 10(-8) M phycoerythrin, under conditions where peroxyl radical generation is rate-limiting, the fluorescence decay follows apparent zero-order kinetics. On reaction with HO., generated with the ascorbate-Cu2+ system, the fluorescence decays with apparent first-order kinetics. Examination of the major components of human urine in this assay confirms that at physiological concentrations, urate protects against both types of oxygen radicals. A novel finding is that creatinine protects efficiently by a chelation mechanism against radical damage in the ascorbate-Cu2+ system at creatinine, ascorbate, and Cu2+ concentrations comparable to those in normal urine. Urate and creatinine provide complementary modes of protection against reactive oxygen species in the urinary tract.

82 citations


Cites background from "Creatinine complexes of zinc, cadmi..."

  • ...Creatinine also forms complexes of the composition M(creatinine)2X2 (where X = Cl,Br,I) with Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) (33)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
Mariana Mitewa1
Abstract: Data on the ability of the important bioligands creatinine and creatine to form various types of complexes with different metal ions are summarized. The crucial role of the nature of the reaction medium in complex formation with these ligands is emphasized. The conditions for obtaining paramagnetic oligomeric platinum complexes of the “platinum blue” type (resulting from multistep redox and coordination processes) are presented.

29 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Pt(II) and Pd(II) complexes with creatinine, C3H2N2(O)(CH3)NH2, were synthesized. Potentiometric and IR spectroscopic analyses were carried out. A model for the coordination of the ligands to the central atoms was confirmed by X-ray structural investigation of Pt(creat)4(ClO4)2. The compound [Pt(C4H7N3O)(ClO4)2] crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system, space group C2/c, a = 15.748(5), b = 15.763(7), c = 24.843(8) A, β = 106.84(4)°, V = 5902 A3, Z = 8. The refinement of the structure by the least-squares method gave R = 0.051 and Rw = 0.054 for 1527 observed reflections with I > 2σ(I). The structure consists of Pt(creat)42+ complex cations, possessing approximate D2 symmetry and rotationally disordered perchlorate anions. The Pt atom is square-planarly coordinated by the endocyclic N atoms of four creatinine ligands. The PtN bond lengths range from 2.00(2) to 2.03(1) A and the NPtN angles from 88.4(9) to 91.8(8)°. The ligands are almost planar and tilted towards the PtN4-plane by 82.1(8)–93.5(9)°.

25 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Spectroscopic and structural study of a newly synthesized heteroligand complex of copper with creatinine and urea has been discussed and the complex is found to be rigid and stable in its monomeric form at very low concentrations.
Abstract: Study of copper complex of creatinine and urea is very important in life science and medicine. In this paper, spectroscopic and structural study of a newly synthesized heteroligand complex of copper with creatinine and urea has been discussed. Structural studies have been carried out using DFT calculations and spectroscopic analyses were carried out by FT-IR, Raman, UV–vis absorption and fluorescence techniques. The copper complex of creatinine and the heteroligand complex were found to have much increased water solubility as compared to pure creatinine. The analysis of FT-IR and Raman spectra helps to understand the coordination properties of the two ligands and to determine the probable structure of the heteroligand complex. The LIBS spectra of the heteroligand complex reveal that the complex is free from other metal impurities. UV–visible absorption spectra and the fluorescence emission spectra of the aqueous solution of Cu–Crn–urea heteroligand complex at different solute concentrations have been analyzed and the complex is found to be rigid and stable in its monomeric form at very low concentrations.

20 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The complex formation between Cu(II) and creatinine was studied by means of electronic, IR and EPR spectroscopy. The spectral data show the formation of a Cu(II) four-membered chelate with distorted rhombic structure.

19 citations


References
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Phenylmercury(II) replaces a proton of creatine, H2NC+(NH2)NMeCH2C02-, in basic solution to form the zwitterionic complex PhHgNHC+(NH2)NMeCH2CO2-. Creatine and creatinine (C4H7N30) react with PhHg((OH)N03)I/2 in aqueous ethanol to form a 2:l complex [(PhHg)2(C4H6N30][N03] which exists in two crystalline forms. Creatinine forms a 1:l complex [PhHg(C4H7N30)][N03].1/2H20 at pH 1.4 on reaction with PhHg((OH)N03)l/2 in the presence of nitric acid. The 1:l and 2:l complexes may be interconverted. Creatinine hydronitrate, [H2NCNMeCH2CONH][NO3], and the PhHg(II) complexes of creatinine have similar infrared (including deuterated derivatives) and 1H NMR spectra, consistent with retention of the creatinine ring and presence of a guanidinium group in the complexes. An X-ray structural analysis of one crystalline form of the 2:l complex shows bonding of PhHg(II) groups to the exocyclic and ring nitrogens of creatinine to form the cation [PhHgNHCNMeCH2CONHgPh]+.

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

11 citations