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Journal ArticleDOI

Defect detection in pipes using guided waves

01 Feb 1998-Ultrasonics (Elsevier)-Vol. 36, pp 147-154
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a review of the studies of the propagation of the waves and their sensitivity to defects which have been conducted in order to provide a sound scientific basis for the method.
About: This article is published in Ultrasonics.The article was published on 1998-02-01. It has received 581 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Guided wave testing.
Citations
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Book
11 Aug 2014
TL;DR: The semi-analytical finite element method (SAFE) has been used for guided wave modeling as discussed by the authors, which has been shown to be useful in the analysis and display of non-destructive testing.
Abstract: Preface Acknowledgments 1. Introduction 2. Dispersion principles 3. Unbounded isotropic and anisotropic media 4. Reflection and refraction 5. Oblique incidence 6. Waves in plates 7. Surface and subsurface waves 8. Finite element method for guided wave mechanics 9. The semi-analytical finite element method (SAFE) 10. Guided waves in hollow cylinders 11. Circumferential guided waves 12. Guided waves in layered structures 13. Source influence on guided wave excitation 14. Horizontal shear 15. Guided waves in anisotropic media 16. Guided wave phased arrays in piping 17. Guided waves in viscoelastic media 18. Ultrasonic vibrations 19. Guided wave array transducers 20. Introduction to guided wave nonlinear methods 21. Guided wave imaging methods Appendix A: ultrasonic nondestructive testing principles, analysis and display technology Appendix B: basic formulas and concepts in the theory of elasticity Appendix C: physically based signal processing concepts for guided waves Appendix D: guided wave mode and frequency selection tips.

823 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A methodology for applying diffuse ultrasonic waves to the problem of detecting structural damage in the presence of unmeasured temperature changes and it is shown that a probability of detection of over 95% can be achieved with a small number of baseline waveforms.

353 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the propagation of finite-amplitude waves in a homogeneous, isotropic, stress-free elastic plate is investigated theoretically, and perturbation is used to obtain solutions of the non-linear equations of motion for harmonic generation in the waveguide.

330 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is shown that the number of sensors required per unit area to reliably detect a prescribed type of damage is prohibitively high, even in the presence of modest temperature fluctuations, hence some form of temperature compensation is absolutely essential for guided-wave SHM systems to be viable.
Abstract: Structural health monitoring (SHM) using guided waves is one of the only ways in which damage anywhere in a structure can be detected using a sparse array of permanently attached sensors. To distinguish damage from structural features, some form of comparison with damage-free reference data is essential, and here subtraction is considered. The detectability of damage is determined by the amplitude of residual signals from structural features remaining after the subtraction of reference data. These are non-zero due to changing environmental conditions such as temperature. In this paper, the amplitude of the residual signals is quantified for different guided-wave SHM strategies. Comparisons are made between two methods of reference signal subtraction and between two candidate sensor configurations. These studies allow estimates to be made of the number of sensors required per unit area to reliably detect a prescribed type of damage. It is shown that the number required is prohibitively high, even in the presence of modest temperature fluctuations, hence some form of temperature compensation is absolutely essential for guided-wave SHM systems to be viable. A potential solution is examined and shown to provide an improvement in signal suppression of approximately 30 dB, which corresponds to two orders of magnitude reduction in the number of sensors required.

328 citations


Cites background from "Defect detection in pipes using gui..."

  • ...There is already an established NDT industry using deployable guided-wave systems for the inspection of pipelines (Lowe et al. 1998; Alleyne et al. 2001; Rose et al. 2002; Long et al. 2003) and rails (Wilcox et al. 2003)....

    [...]

  • ...These signals are widely employed in guided-wave applications (e.g. Lowe et al. 1998), as the toneburst ensures that a limited part of the frequency spectra is excited (Alleyne & Cawley 1992b)....

    [...]

References
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Book
01 Jan 2000
TL;DR: The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook as mentioned in this paper provides a comprehensive, easy-to-access collection of elastic stress solutions for crack configurations, along with other relevant information, such as displacements, crack opening areas, basic stress functions source references, accuracy of solutions, and more.
Abstract: Nearly double the size of the previous edition, the third edition of this classic reference provides a comprehensive, easy-to-access collection of elastic stress solutions for crack configurations. For each configuration, The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook present crack tip stress intensity formulas along with other relevant information, such as displacements, crack opening areas, basic stress functions source references, accuracy of solutions, and more. Throughout, it stresses formulas for application to test configurations. The introductory section details the methods of developing the informatio A series of appendices represents special methods and special applications. Now in a hardbound format, the current Handbook offers a number of new features including: * Ne Stress Solutions * Cracked Configurations * Plates with Pinching Loads * Dislocations and Cracks Solutions * Plastic Zone Instability (Expanding a Potentially Interceding "Elastic" Failure Mechanism) * Estimation Methods for Stress Intensity Formulas * J-Integral Methods * Pure Shear Plasticity Solutions. The authors provide 30 new solution pages, plus modifications of older solutions. Contents Include: * Introductory Information Stress Analysis Results for Common Test Specimen Configurations with Cracks * Cracks Along a Single Line * Parallel Cracks * Cracks and Holes or Notches * Curved, Angled, Branched, or Radiating Cracks * Cracks in Reinforced Plates * Three-Dimensional Cracked Configurations * Crack(s) in a Rod or a Plate by Energy Rate Analysis * Strip Yield Model Solutions * Cracks(s) in a Shell * Appendices.

5,374 citations

Book
01 Jan 1973
TL;DR: In this article, the authors apply the material developed in the Volume One to various boundary value problems (reflection and refraction at plane surfaces, composite media, waveguides and resonators).
Abstract: This work, part of a two-volume set, applies the material developed in the Volume One to various boundary value problems (reflection and refraction at plane surfaces, composite media, waveguides and resonators). The text also covers topics such as perturbation and variational methods.

5,211 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a review of the main developments of the matrix techniques, and their use in response and modal models, with emphasis on ultrasonics applications.
Abstract: Research into ultrasonic NDE techniques for the inspection of multilayered structures relies strongly on the use of modeling tools which calculate dispersion curves and reflection and transmission spectra. These predictions are essential to enable the best inspection strategies to be identified and their sensitivities to be evaluated. General purpose multilayer modeling tools may be developed from a number of matrix formulations which have evolved in the latter half of this century and there is now a formidable number of publications on the subject. This paper presents a review of the main developments of the matrix techniques, and their use in response and modal models, with emphasis on ultrasonics applications. >

931 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results indicate that Lamb waves may be used to find notches when the wavelength to notch depth ratio is on the order of 40, and the 2-D Fourier transform method is used to quantify Lamb wave interactions with defects.
Abstract: The interaction of individual Lamb waves with a variety of defects simulated by notches is investigated using finite-element analysis, and the results are checked experimentally. Excellent agreement is obtained. It is shown that a 2-D Fourier transform method may be used to quantify Lamb wave interactions with defects. The sensitivity of individual Lamb waves to particular notches is dependent on the frequency-thickness product, the mode type and order, and the geometry of the notch. The sensitivity of the Lamb modes a/sub 1/, alpha /sub 0/, and s/sub 0/ to simulated defects in different frequency-thickness regions is predicted as a function of the defect depth to plate thickness ratio and the results indicate that Lamb waves may be used to find notches when the wavelength to notch depth ratio is on the order of 40. Transmission ratios of Lamb waves across defects are highly frequency dependent. >

912 citations