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Journal Article

Degrading scientific standards to get the defensive gun use estimate down

01 Jan 1999-Journal on firearms and public policy (Second Amendment Foundation)-Vol. 11
TL;DR: In this article, the authors respond to critics of the National Self-Defense Survey, which found that there are approximately 2.5 million defensive gun uses per year in the United States.
Abstract: The author responds to critics of the National Self-Defense Survey, which found that there are approximately 2.5 million defensive gun uses per year in the United States.

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Citations
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BookDOI
02 Aug 2018
TL;DR: The RAND Corporation's Gun Policy in America initiative as discussed by the authors aims to systematically and transparently assess available scientific evidence on the real effects of firearm laws and policies, including the law and constitutional rights, the interests of various stakeholder groups, and information about the likely effects of different laws or policies on a range of outcomes.
Abstract: The RAND Corporation's Gun Policy in America initiative is a unique attempt to systematically and transparently assess available scientific evidence on the real effects of firearm laws and policies. Good gun policies require consideration of many factors, including the law and constitutional rights, the interests of various stakeholder groups, and information about the likely effects of different laws or policies on a range of outcomes. This study seeks to provide the third-objective information about what the scientific literature examining gun policy can tell us about the likely effects of laws. The study synthesizes the available scientific data on the effects of various firearm policies on firearm deaths, violent crime, the gun industry, participation in hunting and sport shooting, and other outcomes. By highlighting where scientific evidence is accumulating, the authors hope to build consensus around a shared set of facts that have been established through a transparent, nonpartisan, and impartial review process. In so doing, they also illuminate areas where more and better information could make important contributions to establishing fair and effective gun policies.

69 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examined the effect that media consumption (hours of television viewing per week, regular viewing of crime drama, and primary source of crime news) has on attitudes towards guns and gun control.
Abstract: This study employs the 1995 National Opinion Survey of Crime and Justice to examine the effect that media consumption (hours of television viewing per week, regular viewing of crime drama, and primary source of crime news) has on attitudes towards guns and gun control. Logistic regression results indicate that regular viewers of crime shows are more likely to oppose gun control and believe that firearms prevent crime. Respondents who receive their primary crime news from the print media are more likely to disagree with making it easier to conceal firearms. The author suggests that violent depiction of crime on television may influence viewers’ attitudes toward guns and gun control.

30 citations


Cites background from "Degrading scientific standards to g..."

  • ...Some researchers argue that concealment laws deter crime and actually protect innocent victims (Kleck, 1997; Kleck, 1999; Kleck & Gertz, 1998; Kleck & Patterson, 1993; Lott, 1998; Southwick, 2000)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors argue that the harms of private gun ownership would have to be at least several times greater than the benefits of private ownership in order to render gun prohibition permissible.
Abstract: Individuals have a prima facie right to own firearms. This right is significant in view both of the role that such ownership plays in the lives of firearms enthusiasts and of the self-defense value of firearms. Nor is this right overridden by the social harms of private gun ownership. These harms have been greatly exaggerated and are probably considerably smaller than the benefits of private gun ownership. And I argue that the harms would have to be at least several times greater than the benefits in order to render gun prohibition permissible.

22 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1973

1,396 citations

Book
01 Jan 1958

1,138 citations

Book
01 Sep 1992
TL;DR: The diversity of violent human behavior and patterns of violence in American society have been studied in this article, with a focus on families and violence in families, and the development of an individual potential for violence.
Abstract: 1 Front Matter 2 SUMMARY 3 PART I VIOLENT HUMAN BEHAVIOR 4 1 The Diversity of Violent Human Behavior 5 2 Patterns of Violence in American Society 6 PART II UNDERSTANDING VIOLENCE 7 3 Perspectives on Violence 8 4 Alcohol, Other Psychoactive Drugs, and Violence 9 5 Violence in Families 10 6 Firearms and Violence 11 PART III HARNESSING UNDERSTANDING TO IMPROVE CONTROL 12 7 Expanding the Limits of Understanding and Control 13 8 Recommendations 14 APPENDIXES 15 A The Development of an Individual Potential for Violence 16 B Measuring and Counting Violent Crimes and Their Consequences 17 C Panel Biographies 18 INDEX

1,088 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used cross-sectional time-series data for U.S. counties from 1977 to 1992 to find that allowing citizens to carry concealed weapons deters violent crimes, without increasing accidental deaths.
Abstract: Using cross‐sectional time‐series data for U.S. counties from 1977 to 1992, we find that allowing citizens to carry concealed weapons deters violent crimes, without increasing accidental deaths. If those states without right‐to‐carry concealed gun provisions had adopted them in 1992, county‐ and state‐level data indicate that approximately 1,500 murders would have been avoided yearly. Similarly, we predict that rapes would have declined by over 4,000, robbery by over 11,000, and aggravated assaults by over 60,000. We also find criminals substituting into property crimes involving stealth, where the probability of contact between the criminal and the victim is minimal. Further, higher arrest and conviction rates consistently reduce crime. The estimated annual gain from all remaining states adopting these laws was at least $5.74 billion in 1992. The annual social benefit from an additional concealed handgun permit is as high as $5,000.

776 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Owners of firearms should weigh their reasons for keeping a gun in the home against the possibility that it might someday be used in a suicide, and be aware of the potential risks to their health.
Abstract: Background. It has been suggested that limiting access to firearms could prevent many suicides, but this belief is controversial. To assess the strength of the association between the availability of firearms and suicide, we studied all suicides that took place in the homes of victims in Shelby County, Tennessee, and King County, Washington, over a 32-month period. Methods. For each suicide victim (case subject), we obtained data from police or the medical examiner and interviewed a proxy. Their answers were compared with those of control subjects from the same neighborhood, matched with the victim according to sex, race, and age range. Crude and adjusted odds ratios were calculated with matched-pairs methods. Results. During the study period, 803 suicides occurred in the two counties, 565 of which (70 percent) took place in the home of the victim. Fifty-eight percent (326) of these suicides were committed with a firearm. After excluding 11 case subjects for various reasons, we were able to inter...

655 citations


"Degrading scientific standards to g..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Bonney, Manufacturers’ Strict Liability for Handgun Injuries: An Economic Analysis, 73 (1985): 1437....

    [...]