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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1182/BLOOD.2020008346

del(17p) without TP53 mutation confers a poor prognosis in intensively treated newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma

04 Mar 2021-Blood (American Society of Hematology)-Vol. 137, Iss: 9, pp 1192-1195
Abstract: Despite tremendous improvements in the outcome of patients with multiple myeloma in the past decade, high-risk patients have not benefited from the approval of novel drugs. The most important prognostic factor is the loss of parts of the short arm of chromosome 17, known as deletion 17p (del(17p)). A recent publication (on a small number of patients) suggested that these patients are at very high-risk only if del(17p) is associated with TP53 mutations, the so-called "double-hit" population. To validate this finding, we designed a much larger study on 121 patients presenting del(17p) in > 55% of their plasma cells, and homogeneously treated by an intensive approach. For these 121 patients, we performed deep next generation sequencing targeted on TP53. The outcome was then compared with a large control population (2505 patients lacking del(17p)). Our results confirmed that the "double hit" situation is the worst (median survival = 36 months), but that del(17p) alone also confers a poor outcome compared with the control cohort (median survival = 52.8 months vs 152.2 months, respectively). In conclusion, our study clearly confirms the extremely poor outcome of patients displaying "double hit," but also that del(17p) alone is still a very high-risk feature, confirming its value as a prognostic indicator for poor outcome.

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Topics: Population (52%)

9 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1182/BLOOD.2019004309
07 Jan 2021-Blood
Abstract: Although therapeutic strategies have been adapted to age and comorbidities for a long time, almost all multiple myeloma (MM) patients currently receive similar treatment, whatever their disease risk category. However, high-risk MM patients still constitute an unmet medical need and should benefit from the most efficient drug combinations. Herein, we review and discuss how to optimally define risk and why a revision of the current definition is urgently needed.

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4 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/CANCERS12123497
24 Nov 2020-Cancers
Abstract: Myeloma therapeutic strategies have been adapted to patients' age and comorbidities for a long time. However, although cytogenetics and clinical presentations (plasmablastic cytology; extramedullary disease) are major prognostic factors, until recently, all patients received the same treatment whatever their initial risk. No strong evidence allows us to use a personalized treatment according to one cytogenetic abnormality in newly diagnosed myeloma. Retrospective studies showed a benefit of a double autologous transplant in high-risk cytogenetics according to the International Myeloma Working Group definition (t(4;14), t(14;16) or del(17p)). Moreover, this definition has to be updated since other independent abnormalities, namely gain 1q, del(1p32), and trisomies 5 or 21, as well as TP53 mutations, are also prognostic. Another very strong predictive tool is the response to treatment assessed by the evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD). We are convinced that the time has come to use it to adapt the strategy to a dynamic risk. Many trials are ongoing to answer many questions: when and how should we adapt the therapy, its intensity and duration. Nevertheless, we also have to take into account the clinical outcome for one patient, especially adverse events affecting his or her quality of life and his or her preferences for continuous/fixed duration treatment.

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2 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/CANCERS13061285
13 Mar 2021-Cancers
Abstract: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy characterized by the accumulation of tumor plasma cells (PCs) in the bone marrow (BM). Despite considerable advances in terms of treatment, patients' prognosis is still very heterogeneous. Cytogenetics and minimal residual disease both have a major impact on prognosis. However, they do not explain all the heterogeneity seen in the outcomes. Their limitations are the result of the emergence of minor subclones missed at diagnosis, detected by sensible methods such as single-cell analysis, but also the non-exploration in the routine practice of the spatial heterogeneity between different clones according to the focal lesions. Moreover, biochemical parameters and cytogenetics do not reflect the whole complexity of MM. Gene expression is influenced by a tight collaboration between cytogenetic events and epigenetic regulation. The microenvironment also has an important impact on the development and the progression of the disease. Some of these determinants have been described as independent prognostic factors and could be used to more accurately predict patient prognosis and response to treatment.

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1 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/10428194.2021.1957875
Saurabh Zanwar1, Shaji Kumar1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma cell malignancy with a heterogeneous disease course. Insights into the genetics of the disease have identified certain high-risk cytogenetic features that are associated with adverse outcomes. While the advances in therapy have translated into dramatic improvements in the outcome of patients with MM, those with high-risk genetic features continue to perform poorly. This has resulted in a need for clinical trials focusing on the high-risk subgroup of MM as they search for additional biomarkers and therapeutic targets continue. In this review, we discuss the currently existing data on prognostic and predictive biomarkers in MM and speculate the role of treatment stratification based on the genetic features of the disease.

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Topics: Targeted therapy (53%)


14 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1200/JCO.2015.61.2267
Abstract: Purpose The clinical outcome of multiple myeloma (MM) is heterogeneous. A simple and reliable tool is needed to stratify patients with MM. We combined the International Staging System (ISS) with chromosomal abnormalities (CA) detected by interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization after CD138 plasma cell purification and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) to evaluate their prognostic value in newly diagnosed MM (NDMM). Patients and Methods Clinical and laboratory data from 4,445 patients with NDMM enrolled onto 11 international trials were pooled together. The K-adaptive partitioning algorithm was used to define the most appropriate subgroups with homogeneous survival. Results ISS, CA, and LDH data were simultaneously available in 3,060 of 4,445 patients. We defined the following three groups: revised ISS (R-ISS) I (n = 871), including ISS stage I (serum β2-microglobulin level < 3.5 mg/L and serum albumin level ≥ 3.5 g/dL), no high-risk CA [del(17p) and/or t(4;14) and/or t(14;16)], and normal LDH level (l...

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954 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1056/NEJMOA1505654
Abstr Act1, Sagar Lonial1, Meletios A. Dimopoulos2, Antonio Palumbo  +25 moreInstitutions (15)
Abstract: BackgroundElotuzumab, an immunostimulatory monoclonal antibody targeting signaling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7), showed activity in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in a phase 1b–2 study in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. MethodsIn this phase 3 study, we randomly assigned patients to receive either elotuzumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone (elotuzumab group) or lenalidomide and dexamethasone alone (control group). Coprimary end points were progression-free survival and the overall response rate. Final results for the coprimary end points are reported on the basis of a planned interim analysis of progression-free survival. ResultsOverall, 321 patients were assigned to the elotuzumab group and 325 to the control group. After a median follow-up of 24.5 months, the rate of progression-free survival at 1 year in the elotuzumab group was 68%, as compared with 57% in the control group; at 2 years, the rates were 41% and 27%, respectively. Median progressi...

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Topics: Elotuzumab (76%), SLAMF7 (64%), Lenalidomide (55%)

942 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1182/BLOOD-2006-08-040410
15 Apr 2007-Blood
Abstract: Acquired genomic aberrations have been shown to significantly impact survival in several hematologic malignancies. We analyzed the prognostic value of the most frequent chromosomal changes in a large series of patients with newly diagnosed symptomatic myeloma prospectively enrolled in homogeneous therapeutic trials. All the 1064 patients enrolled in the IFM99 trials conducted by the Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome benefited from an interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis performed on purified bone marrow plasma cells. They were systematically screened for the following genomic aberrations: del(13), t(11;14), t(4;14), hyperdiploidy, MYC translocations, and del(17p). Chromosomal changes were observed in 90% of the patients. The del(13), t(11;14), t(4;14), hyperdiploidy, MYC translocations, and del(17p) were present in 48%, 21%, 14%, 39%, 13%, and 11% of the patients, respectively. After a median follow-up of 41 months, univariate statistical analyses revealed that del(13), t(4;14), nonhyperdiploidy, and del(17p) negatively impacted both the event-free survival and the overall survival, whereas t(11;14) and MYC translocations did not influence the prognosis. Multivariate analyses on 513 patients annotated for all the parameters showed that only t(4;14) and del(17p) retained prognostic value for both the event-free and overall survivals. When compared with the currently used International Staging System, this prognostic model compares favorably. In myeloma, the genomic aberrations t(4;14) and del(17p), together with beta2-microglobulin level, are important independent predictors of survival. These findings have implications for the design of risk-adapted treatment strategies.

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Topics: Survival rate (55%), Hyperdiploidy (53%), Multiple myeloma (50%)

805 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1182/BLOOD-2010-10-299487
05 May 2011-Blood
Abstract: It is essential that there be consistency in the conduct, analysis, and reporting of clinical trial results in myeloma. The goal of the International Myeloma Workshop Consensus Panel 1 was to develop a set of guidelines for the uniform reporting of clinical trial results in myeloma. This paper provides a summary of the current response criteria in myeloma, detailed definitions for patient populations, lines of therapy, and specific endpoints. We propose that future clinical trials in myeloma follow the guidelines for reporting results proposed in this manuscript.

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Topics: Clinical trial (51%)

715 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/LEU.2013.247
Wee Joo Chng1, Angela Dispenzieri2, C. S. Chim3, R Fonseca2  +10 moreInstitutions (12)
01 Feb 2014-Leukemia
Abstract: Multiple myeloma is characterized by underlying clinical and biological heterogeneity, which translates to variable response to treatment and outcome. With the recent increase in treatment armamentarium and the projected further increase in approved therapeutic agents in the coming years, the issue of having some mechanism to dissect this heterogeneity and rationally apply treatment is coming to the fore. A number of robustly validated prognostic markers have been identified and the use of these markers in stratifying patients into different risk groups has been proposed. In this consensus statement, the International Myeloma Working Group propose well-defined and easily applicable risk categories based on current available information and suggests the use of this set of prognostic factors as gold standards in all clinical trials and form the basis of subsequent development of more complex prognostic system or better prognostic factors. At the same time, these risk categories serve as a framework to rationalize the use of therapies.

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410 Citations

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