scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Journal ArticleDOI

Delincuencia socioeconómica y daño social. Perspectivas político-criminales para un contexto poscrisis

13 Apr 2020-Vol. 40, Iss: 40, pp 45-111
TL;DR: In fact, tratar delito and dano social como nociones diferenciadas ha evidenciado una brecha conceptual de gran calado, unido a la existencia de asentadas inercias que sobre/infra representan a determinados colectivos, en el limite, puede llegar a situar al Derecho penal ante una crisis de legitimidad as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: El dano social es un concepto que ha acompanado al Derecho penal desde sus primeras enunciaciones Modernas. Sin embargo, tratar delito y dano social como nociones diferenciadas ha evidenciado una brecha conceptual de gran calado. Esto, unido a la existencia de asentadas inercias que sobre/infra representan a determinados colectivos, en el limite, puede llegar a situar al Derecho penal ante una crisis de legitimidad. Todo esto se muestra con especial claridad en el ambito de la delincuencia socioeconomica, que ha adquirido especial relevancia a partir de la Gran Recesion iniciada en 2008. La necesidad de adaptar el sistema penal a las nuevas realidades sociales ha propiciado la formulacion de propuestas pensadas desde la dicotomia global/local. En este mismo contexto, las posibilidades que ofrece la formulacion de una politica criminal imaginativa pueden resultar fructiferas frente a los desafios que plantea el actual contexto post-crisis.

Content maybe subject to copyright    Report

Citations
More filters
Posted Content
TL;DR: The main points discussed at the seminar "Economics as an Imperial Science", held by the Czech Economic Association in November 1999, were summarized in this article, where the authors presented the standard textbook neoclassical axiomatic approach to preferences and argued that the theory of preferences is the hard core of what people are able to sensibly articulate about their own decisions and behavior.
Abstract: This article summarizes the main points discussed at the seminar ?Economics as an Imperial Science,? held by the Czech Economic Association in November 1999. The seminar was devoted to the theory of preferences and its extensions to ?non-economic? topics, a research agenda coined by Prof. Gary Becker, the 1992 Nobel Memorial Prize Winner. There were two main speakers. Dr. Dusan Toiska (CD-F, a.s.) presented the standard textbook neoclassical axiomatic approach to preferences. He argued that the theory of preferences is the hard core of what people are able to sensibly articulate about their own decisions and behavior. Prof. Ivo. Straka (Prague School of Economics) was more critical of Prof. Becker?s attempts to extend the theory of preferences to non-economic areas of research. He argued that Prof. Becker?s approach obscures the definition of capital and the distinction between consumption and investment, which lessens our understanding of reality. Other seminar discussions focused on various issues, including the definition of science, the role of mathematics in economics, and McKloskey?s concept of economics as a rhetorical space.

55 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
17 Dec 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, aprobación del Codigo penal de 1995, por la que se destierra el requisito del arrepentimiento espontaneo, and se facilita su aplicacion al reo, con independencia de cual sean los motivos de su actuacion.
Abstract: Debe saludarse como especialmente atinente la objetivacion de la atenuante que tiene lugar con la aprobacion del Codigo penal de 1995, por la que se destierra el requisito del arrepentimiento espontaneo, y se facilita su aplicacion al reo, con independencia de cual sean los motivos de su actuacion. La contrapartida de esa objetivacion radica en que la busqueda a toda costa de la efectiva reparacion del dano de la victima podria provocar fricciones tanto con el ideal de la justicia restaurativa, como con los fines del Derecho penal.

18 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
06 Apr 2009

15 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
21 Apr 2020
TL;DR: The reforma del Codigo penal espanol efectuada by la L.O. 1/2019 transpuso dicha norma europea, que afecto en diversos aspectos a los delitos de manipulacion de mercado and uso de informacion privilegiada recogidos in los articulos 284 and 285 as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: La Directiva 2014/57/EU de abuso de mercado impuso a los Estados Miembros la obligacion de incorporar sanciones penales para al menos las conductas graves de abuso y de manipulacion de mercados financieros, asi como penas de prision que como minimo pudieran alcanzar una determinada duracion. La reforma del Codigo penal espanol efectuada por la L.O. 1/2019 transpuso dicha norma europea, que afecto en diversos aspectos a los delitos de manipulacion de mercado y uso de informacion privilegiada recogidos en los articulos 284 y 285. El objeto de este trabajo es analizar el resultado de la reforma en lo que se refiere a los delitos de manipulacion de mercado, atendiendo a las novedades relativas a las conductas, objetos materiales y otros requisitos, poniendo el foco en problemas que la doctrina y la jurisprudencia ya habian advertido y aportando criterios para la interpretacion de las complejas formulaciones y elementos tipicos

11 citations

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed and explored the feasibility of the use of a nine-category matrix of harm, with an expert delphic procedure, to assess the harms of a range of illicit drugs in an evidence-based fashion.

1,018 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: The methodology developed and explored the feasibility of the use of a nine-category matrix of harm, with an expert delphic procedure, to assess the harms of a range of illicit drugs in an evidence-based fashion and yielded roughly similar scores and rankings of drug harm when used by two separate groups of experts.

971 citations

01 May 2015
TL;DR: The face in the criminal justice carnival mirror is also very frequently black face as discussed by the authors, but it is no laughing matter, it is the face of evil reflected in a Carnival Mirror.
Abstract: or the same criminal behavior, the poor are more likely to be arrested; if arrested, they are more likely to be charged; if charged, more likely to be convicted; if convicted, more likely to be sen tenced to prison; and if sentenced, more likely to be given longer prison terms than members of the middle and upper classes. 1 In other words, the image of the criminal population one sees in our nation’ s jails and prisons is distorted by the shape of the criminal justice system itself. It is the face of evil reflected in a carnival mirror, but it is no laughing matter. The face in the criminal justice carnival mirror is also … very frequently black face. Although blacks do not make up the majority of the inmates in our jails and prisons, they make up a proportion

928 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: In economics, the logic of ideas irresistibly draws economists beyond these core areas, and the rhetoric of an economic imperialist like Gary S. Becker is notably more muscular: "Economists limit their attention to the ordinary, the crassly material business of life".
Abstract: As to Marshall, how terribly narrow, dull, bourgeois! Must we economists limit our attention to the ordinary, the crassly material business of life? While equally prosaic, Robbins' "relationship between ends and scarce means" does open the door wider. After all, the ends that men and women seek include not just bread and butter but also reputation, adventure, sex, status, eternal salvation, the meaning of life, and a good night's sleep the means for achieving any of these being, too often, notably scarce. In dealing with economics as an expansive imperialist discipline (see Gerard Radnitzky and Peter Bernholz [1985]), a geopolitical metaphor may be illuminating. Our heartland is an intellectual territory carved off by two narrowing conceptions: (1) of manas rational, selfinterested decisionmaker, and (2) of social interaction as typified by market exchange. However, the logic of ideas irresistibly draws economists beyond these core areas. Rational self-interested choice plays a role in many domains of life other than markets, for example in politics, warfare, mate selection, engineering design, and statistical decisions. Conversely, even within the domain of market behavior, economists can hardly deny that what people want to buy and sell is influenced by cultural, ethical, and even "irrational" forces more customarily studied by social psychologists and anthropologists. And how people go about their dealings in the market touches upon issues also involving law and sociology. Responding to these intellectual attractions, the rhetoric of an economic imperialist like Gary S. Becker is notably more muscular:

484 citations