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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/00914037.2020.1713780

Dendrimers in targeted drug delivery applications: a review of diseases and cancer

04 Mar 2021-International Journal of Polymeric Materials (Taylor & Francis)-Vol. 70, Iss: 4, pp 287-297
Abstract: Dendrimers in nanobiomedicine have attracted attention to overcome the biological barriers because of their suitable characteristics such as nanosize, hyperbranching polymeric composition, globular...

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Topics: Targeted drug delivery (60%)
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17 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSABM.0C01319
13 Jan 2021-
Abstract: Integration of diagnostic and therapeutic functions in a single platform namely theranostics has become a cornerstone for personalized medicine. Theranostics platform facilitates noninvasive detect...

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Topics: Personalized medicine (58%)

10 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/CANCERS12123622
03 Dec 2020-Cancers
Abstract: Epigenetic dysregulation has been recognized as a critical factor contributing to the development of resistance against standard chemotherapy and to breast cancer progression via epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Although the efficacy of the first-generation epigenetic drugs (epi-drugs) in solid tumor management has been disappointing, there is an increasing body of evidence showing that epigenome modulation, in synergy with other therapeutic approaches, could play an important role in cancer treatment, reversing acquired therapy resistance. However, the epigenetic therapy of solid malignancies is not straightforward. The emergence of nanotechnologies applied to medicine has brought new opportunities to advance the targeted delivery of epi-drugs while improving their stability and solubility, and minimizing off-target effects. Furthermore, the omics technologies, as powerful molecular epidemiology screening tools, enable new diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic biomarker identification, allowing for patient stratification and tailored management. In combination with new-generation epi-drugs, nanomedicine can help to overcome low therapeutic efficacy in treatment-resistant tumors. This review provides an overview of ongoing clinical trials focusing on combination therapies employing epi-drugs for breast cancer treatment and summarizes the latest nano-based targeted delivery approaches for epi-drugs. Moreover, it highlights the current limitations and obstacles associated with applying these experimental strategies in the clinics.

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Topics: Epigenetic therapy (61%), Epigenome (51%)

9 Citations


Open access
01 Jan 2011-
Abstract: UNLABELLED The pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and antitumor efficacy of three doxorubicin formulations (doxorubicin in saline, conjugated to a polylysine dendrimer, and encapsulated within a stealth liposome) were investigated in Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats. Liposomal and dendrimer-based delivery systems resulted in more prolonged plasma exposure of total doxorubicin when compared to administration of doxorubicin in saline, although concentrations of free doxorubicin remained low in both cases. Biodistribution profiles revealed enhanced accumulation of dendrimer- and liposome-associated doxorubicin in tumors when compared to doxorubicin alone, although all three doxorubicin formulations reduced tumor growth to a similar extent. Markers of systemic toxicity (spleen weight, white blood cell counts, body weight, and cardiotoxicity) were more pronounced in rats that received doxorubicin and liposomal doxorubicin when compared to dendrimer-doxorubicin. The data provide preliminary evidence that dendrimer-doxorubicin displays similar antitumor efficacy to PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin, but with lower systemic toxicity (resulting from reduced drug exposure to nontarget organs). FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR In this manuscript, three different doxorubicin preparations are compared and preliminary evidence suggests that dendrimer-doxorubicin displays similar antitumor efficacy to PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin, but with lower systemic toxicity.

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Topics: Drug delivery (55%), Doxorubicin (52%)

7 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2021.01.170
Abstract: PAMAM dendrimers (PAMs) are a group of polymeric macromolecules with distinctive physicochemical features, which can make them multifunctional theranostic nanoparticles (NPs). This study was designed to examine the impact of mucin-1 aptamer-conjugated NPs which were engineered using PAM for image-guided delivery of gefitinib (GEF) in the breast cancer cells/tumor. For this, PAMAM was conjugated with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and modified with PEG2000 to prepare a multi-functionalized NPs. Subsequently, GEF was loaded onto the DTPA-PAM-PEG NPs, which were then armed with MUC-1 aptamer to form the DTPA-PAM-PEG/GEF@MUC-1 nanosystem. Finally, aptamer-conjugated NPs were radiolabeled by gallium-67 as an imaging agent to construct image-guided nanoplatforms. The prepared NPs were characterized by different techniques. The kinetic release models of gefitinib from radiolabeled NPs offer the sustained-release mechanism of the encapsulated drug for over 7 days. In vitro evaluation showed higher cytotoxicity and enhanced uptake of the mucin-grafted NPs in MCF-7 cells. Nuclear medicine imaging and in vivo investigations revealed significant accumulation of 67Ga-DTPA-PAM-PEG/GEF@MUC-1 in the tumor site of the animal models. These data suggest that the engineered NPs are a promising image-guided nanosystem for mucin-expressing breast cells/tumors with the assistance of nuclear medicine.

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7 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/POLYM13030341
21 Jan 2021-Polymers
Abstract: Polymer nanoparticles and nano/micromotors are novel nanostructures that are of increased interest especially in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. These structures are modified by antibodies or nucleic acid aptamers and can recognize the cancer markers at the membrane of the cancer cells or in the intracellular side. They can serve as a cargo for targeted transport of drugs or nucleic acids in chemo- immuno- or gene therapy. The various mechanisms, such as enzyme, ultrasound, magnetic, electrical, or light, served as a driving force for nano/micromotors, allowing their transport into the cells. This review is focused on the recent achievements in the development of polymer nanoparticles and nano/micromotors modified by antibodies and nucleic acid aptamers. The methods of preparation of polymer nanoparticles, their structure and properties are provided together with those for synthesis and the application of nano/micromotors. The various mechanisms of the driving of nano/micromotors such as chemical, light, ultrasound, electric and magnetic fields are explained. The targeting drug delivery is based on the modification of nanostructures by receptors such as nucleic acid aptamers and antibodies. Special focus is therefore on the method of selection aptamers for recognition cancer markers as well as on the comparison of the properties of nucleic acid aptamers and antibodies. The methods of immobilization of aptamers at the nanoparticles and nano/micromotors are provided. Examples of applications of polymer nanoparticles and nano/micromotors in targeted delivery and in controlled drug release are presented. The future perspectives of biomimetic nanostructures in personalized nanomedicine are also discussed.

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Topics: Aptamer (59%), Nanomedicine (52%), Targeted drug delivery (51%)

5 Citations


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108 results found


Open accessJournal Article
Yasuhiro Matsumura, Hiroshi Maeda1Institutions (1)
01 Dec 1986-Cancer Research
Abstract: We previously found that a polymer conjugated to the anticancer protein neocarzinostatin, named smancs, accumulated more in tumor tissues than did neocarzinostatin. To determine the general mechanism of this tumoritropic accumulation of smancs and other proteins, we used radioactive (51Cr-labeled) proteins of various molecular sizes (Mr 12,000 to 160,000) and other properties. In addition, we used dye-complexed serum albumin to visualize the accumulation in tumors of tumor-bearing mice. Many proteins progressively accumulated in the tumor tissues of these mice, and a ratio of the protein concentration in the tumor to that in the blood of 5 was obtained within 19 to 72 h. A large protein like immunoglobulin G required a longer time to reach this value of 5. The protein concentration ratio in the tumor to that in the blood of neither 1 nor 5 was achieved with neocarzinostatin, a representative of a small protein (Mr 12,000) in all time. We speculate that the tumoritropic accumulation of these proteins resulted because of the hypervasculature, an enhanced permeability to even macromolecules, and little recovery through either blood vessels or lymphatic vessels. This accumulation of macromolecules in the tumor was also found after i.v. injection of an albumin-dye complex (Mr 69,000), as well as after injection into normal and tumor tissues. The complex was retained only by tumor tissue for prolonged periods. There was little lymphatic recovery of macromolecules from tumor tissue. The present finding is of potential value in macromolecular tumor therapeutics and diagnosis.

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6,118 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.PROGPOLYMSCI.2007.05.017
Lakshmi S. Nair1, Cato T. Laurencin1Institutions (1)
Abstract: During the past two decades significant advances have been made in the development of biodegradable polymeric materials for biomedical applications. Degradable polymeric biomaterials are preferred candidates for developing therapeutic devices such as temporary prostheses, three-dimensional porous structures as scaffolds for tissue engineering and as controlled/sustained release drug delivery vehicles. Each of these applications demands materials with specific physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties to provide efficient therapy. Consequently, a wide range of natural or synthetic polymers capable of undergoing degradation by hydrolytic or enzymatic route are being investigated for biomedical applications. This review summarizes the main advances published over the last 15 years, outlining the synthesis, biodegradability and biomedical applications of biodegradable synthetic and natural polymers.

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Topics: Biomaterial (52%), Biodegradable polymer (51%)

3,397 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ADDR.2005.09.019
Ruth Duncan1, Lorella Izzo1, Lorella Izzo2Institutions (2)
Abstract: The field of biomedical dendrimers is still in its infancy, but the explosion of interest in dendrimers and dendronised polymers as inherently active therapeutic agents, as vectors for targeted delivery of drugs, peptides and oligonucleotides, and as permeability enhancers able to promote oral and transdermal drug delivery makes it timely to review current knowledge regarding the toxicology of these dendrimer chemistries (currently under development for biomedical applications) Clinical experience with polymeric excipients, plasma expanders, and most recently the development of more 'classical polymer'-derived therapeutics can be used to guide development of "safe" dendritic polymers Moreover, in future it will only ever be possible to designate a dendrimer as "safe" when related to a specific application The so far limited clinical experience using dendrimers make it impossible to designate any particular chemistry intrinsically "safe" or "toxic" Although there is widespread concern as to the safety of nano-sized particles, preclinical and clinical experience gained during the development of polymeric excipients, biomedical polymers and polymer therapeutics shows that judicious development of dendrimer chemistry for each specific application will ensure development of safe and important materials for biomedical and pharmaceutical use

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1,012 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.CHEMREV.5B00589
25 Apr 2016-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: Targeted delivery combined with controlled drug release has a pivotal role in the future of personalized medicine. This review covers the principles, advantages, and drawbacks of passive and active targeting based on various polymer and magnetic iron oxide nanoparticle carriers with drug attached by both covalent and noncovalent pathways. Attention is devoted to the tailored conjugation of targeting ligands (e.g., enzymes, antibodies, peptides) to drug carrier systems. Similarly, the approaches toward controlled drug release are discussed. Various polymer–drug conjugates based, for example, on polyethylene glycol (PEG), N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA), polymeric micelles, and nanoparticle carriers are explored with respect to absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME scheme) of administrated drug. Design and structure of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) and condensed magnetic clusters are classified according to the mechanism of noncovalent drug loading involving...

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Topics: Drug carrier (65%), Targeted drug delivery (63%), ADME (50%)

968 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41392-017-0004-3
Abstract: Although conventional chemotherapy has been successful to some extent, the main drawbacks of chemotherapy are its poor bioavailability, high-dose requirements, adverse side effects, low therapeutic indices, development of multiple drug resistance, and non-specific targeting. The main aim in the development of drug delivery vehicles is to successfully address these delivery-related problems and carry drugs to the desired sites of therapeutic action while reducing adverse side effects. In this review, we will discuss the different types of materials used as delivery vehicles for chemotherapeutic agents and their structural characteristics that improve the therapeutic efficacy of their drugs and will describe recent scientific advances in the area of chemotherapy, emphasizing challenges in cancer treatments.

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Topics: Drug delivery (51%)

654 Citations


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