Abstract: ABSTRACT In this paper, a compact cavity-backed logarithmic spiral antenna with an integrated broadband planar balun is presented. This fully planar antenna is used for detection of anti-personnel (AP) landmines in GPR systems. Unlike conventional spiral antennas, which are fed by unbalanced coaxial cable or vertical baluns, and these feed lines make them bulky and frail, in this design, a microstrip-to-parallel strip balun is integrated with the spiral antenna and makes the whole structure compact, planar, and robust. Moreover, a metal cavity is utilized at the back of the antenna to prevent backward radiation and enhance the forward penetration depth to the ground. In choosing the operational frequency bandwidth, a compromise is made between the penetration depth and detection resolution. A prototype of the antenna is fabricated and its performance in landmine detection is evaluated with measurements. The measured results show that the antenna works over the frequency range of 1.5 GHz−4.5 GHz (bandwidth = 100%) with |S11| < −10 dB, a penetration depth of 10 cm in the soil with good detection resolution, gain >8 dB and axial ratio <3 dB. These factors make the proposed antenna a suitable candidate for pulse radar applications, in which low pulse distortion and wide bandwidth are key factors.