# Design of low-sensitivity universal wave digital biquads

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### Cites background or methods from "Design of low-sensitivity universal..."

...Compute the new values of ax and a2 from either Equation (4) or (5) using mXq and m2q....

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...From Equations (1) and (4), the relations for the modified series adaptors are obtained as...

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...Assign a particular combination of values from the permissible set of constants given in Equation (8) to the MR multiphers and obtain the values of the corresponding non-M^L multipliers mx and m2 using either Equation (4) or (5)....

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...Similarly, for the modified parallel adaptor, Equations (2) and (4) give Bx — (amx + bm2 + c)(Ax — A3) + (dmx + ew 2 + / ) X (Ai ~ A3) - Ax + 2A3 (7a) B2 = (amx + /?m2 + c)04i — A3) + (dw! + em2 4- / ) X (^ 2 A3) - A2 + 2A3 (7b) ....

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...More economical adaptors which use only four MR multipliers can readily be obtained by modifying Equation (4) as amx + bm2 (11a)...

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