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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.7717/PEERJ-CS.352

Detecting cassava mosaic disease using a deep residual convolutional neural network with distinct block processing.

02 Mar 2021-PeerJ (PeerJ Comput Sci)-Vol. 7
Abstract: For people in developing countries, cassava is a major source of calories and carbohydrates. However, Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) has become a major cause of concern among farmers in sub-Saharan Africa countries, which rely on cassava for both business and local consumption. The article proposes a novel deep residual convolution neural network (DRNN) for CMD detection in cassava leaf images. With the aid of distinct block processing, we can counterbalance the imbalanced image dataset of the cassava diseases and increase the number of images available for training and testing. Moreover, we adjust low contrast using Gamma correction and decorrelation stretching to enhance the color separation of an image with significant band-to-band correlation. Experimental results demonstrate that using a balanced dataset of images increases the accuracy of classification. The proposed DRNN model outperforms the plain convolutional neural network (PCNN) by a significant margin of 9.25% on the Cassava Disease Dataset from Kaggle.

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8 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/ELECTRONICS10121388
09 Jun 2021-Electronics
Abstract: The timely identification and early prevention of crop diseases are essential for improving production. In this paper, deep convolutional-neural-network (CNN) models are implemented to identify and diagnose diseases in plants from their leaves, since CNNs have achieved impressive results in the field of machine vision. Standard CNN models require a large number of parameters and higher computation cost. In this paper, we replaced standard convolution with depth=separable convolution, which reduces the parameter number and computation cost. The implemented models were trained with an open dataset consisting of 14 different plant species, and 38 different categorical disease classes and healthy plant leaves. To evaluate the performance of the models, different parameters such as batch size, dropout, and different numbers of epochs were incorporated. The implemented models achieved a disease-classification accuracy rates of 98.42%, 99.11%, 97.02%, and 99.56% using InceptionV3, InceptionResNetV2, MobileNetV2, and EfficientNetB0, respectively, which were greater than that of traditional handcrafted-feature-based approaches. In comparison with other deep-learning models, the implemented model achieved better performance in terms of accuracy and it required less training time. Moreover, the MobileNetV2 architecture is compatible with mobile devices using the optimized parameter. The accuracy results in the identification of diseases showed that the deep CNN model is promising and can greatly impact the efficient identification of the diseases, and may have potential in the detection of diseases in real-time agricultural systems.

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6 Citations



Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/DIAGNOSTICS11071212
05 Jul 2021-
Abstract: Breast cancer is becoming more dangerous by the day. The death rate in developing countries is rapidly increasing. As a result, early detection of breast cancer is critical, leading to a lower death rate. Several researchers have worked on breast cancer segmentation and classification using various imaging modalities. The ultrasonic imaging modality is one of the most cost-effective imaging techniques, with a higher sensitivity for diagnosis. The proposed study segments ultrasonic breast lesion images using a Dilated Semantic Segmentation Network (Di-CNN) combined with a morphological erosion operation. For feature extraction, we used the deep neural network DenseNet201 with transfer learning. We propose a 24-layer CNN that uses transfer learning-based feature extraction to further validate and ensure the enriched features with target intensity. To classify the nodules, the feature vectors obtained from DenseNet201 and the 24-layer CNN were fused using parallel fusion. The proposed methods were evaluated using a 10-fold cross-validation on various vector combinations. The accuracy of CNN-activated feature vectors and DenseNet201-activated feature vectors combined with the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier was 90.11 percent and 98.45 percent, respectively. With 98.9 percent accuracy, the fused version of the feature vector with SVM outperformed other algorithms. When compared to recent algorithms, the proposed algorithm achieves a better breast cancer diagnosis rate.

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Topics: Feature vector (62%), Feature extraction (58%), Support vector machine (52%) ... read more

2 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/S21113830
01 Jun 2021-Sensors
Abstract: Plant diseases can cause a considerable reduction in the quality and number of agricultural products. Guava, well known to be the tropics’ apple, is one significant fruit cultivated in tropical regions. It is attacked by 177 pathogens, including 167 fungal and others such as bacterial, algal, and nematodes. In addition, postharvest diseases may cause crucial production loss. Due to minor variations in various guava disease symptoms, an expert opinion is required for disease analysis. Improper diagnosis may cause economic losses to farmers’ improper use of pesticides. Automatic detection of diseases in plants once they emerge on the plants’ leaves and fruit is required to maintain high crop fields. In this paper, an artificial intelligence (AI) driven framework is presented to detect and classify the most common guava plant diseases. The proposed framework employs the ΔE color difference image segmentation to segregate the areas infected by the disease. Furthermore, color (RGB, HSV) histogram and textural (LBP) features are applied to extract rich, informative feature vectors. The combination of color and textural features are used to identify and attain similar outcomes compared to individual channels, while disease recognition is performed by employing advanced machine-learning classifiers (Fine KNN, Complex Tree, Boosted Tree, Bagged Tree, Cubic SVM). The proposed framework is evaluated on a high-resolution (18 MP) image dataset of guava leaves and fruit. The best recognition results were obtained by Bagged Tree classifier on a set of RGB, HSV, and LBP features (99% accuracy in recognizing four guava fruit diseases (Canker, Mummification, Dot, and Rust) against healthy fruit). The proposed framework may help the farmers to avoid possible production loss by taking early precautions.

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2 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3120379
Helong Yu1, Jiawen Liu1, Chengcheng Chen2, Ali Asghar Heidari3  +4 moreInstitutions (5)
01 Jan 2021-IEEE Access
Abstract: Accurate diagnosis of corn crop diseases is a complex challenge faced by farmers during the growth and production stages of corn. In order to address this problem, this paper proposes a method based on K-means clustering and an improved deep learning model for accurately diagnosing three common diseases of corn leaves: gray spot, leaf spot, and rust. First, to diagnose three diseases, use the K-means algorithm to cluster sample images and then feed them into the improved deep learning model. This paper investigates the impact of various k values (2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64) and models (VGG-16, ResNet18, Inception v3, VGG-19, and the improved deep learning model) on corn disease diagnosis. The experiment results indicate that the method has the most significant identification effect on 32-means samples, and the diagnostic recall of leaf spot, rust, and gray spot disease is 89.24 %, 100 %, and 90.95 %, respectively. Similarly, VGG-16 and ResNet18 also achieve the best diagnostic results on 32-means samples, and their average diagnostic accuracy is 84.42% and 83.75%. In addition, Inception v3 (83.05%) and VGG-19 (82.63%) perform best on the 64-means samples. For the three corn diseases, the approach cited in this paper has an average diagnostic accuracy of 93%. It has a more significant diagnostic effect than the other four approaches and can be applied to the agricultural field to protect crops.

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1 Citations


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41 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE14539
Yann LeCun1, Yann LeCun2, Yoshua Bengio3, Geoffrey E. Hinton4  +1 moreInstitutions (5)
28 May 2015-Nature
Abstract: Deep learning allows computational models that are composed of multiple processing layers to learn representations of data with multiple levels of abstraction. These methods have dramatically improved the state-of-the-art in speech recognition, visual object recognition, object detection and many other domains such as drug discovery and genomics. Deep learning discovers intricate structure in large data sets by using the backpropagation algorithm to indicate how a machine should change its internal parameters that are used to compute the representation in each layer from the representation in the previous layer. Deep convolutional nets have brought about breakthroughs in processing images, video, speech and audio, whereas recurrent nets have shone light on sequential data such as text and speech.

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33,931 Citations


Open accessProceedings ArticleDOI: 10.1109/ICCV.2015.123
Kaiming He1, Xiangyu Zhang2, Shaoqing Ren1, Jian Sun1Institutions (2)
07 Dec 2015-
Abstract: Rectified activation units (rectifiers) are essential for state-of-the-art neural networks. In this work, we study rectifier neural networks for image classification from two aspects. First, we propose a Parametric Rectified Linear Unit (PReLU) that generalizes the traditional rectified unit. PReLU improves model fitting with nearly zero extra computational cost and little overfitting risk. Second, we derive a robust initialization method that particularly considers the rectifier nonlinearities. This method enables us to train extremely deep rectified models directly from scratch and to investigate deeper or wider network architectures. Based on the learnable activation and advanced initialization, we achieve 4.94% top-5 test error on the ImageNet 2012 classification dataset. This is a 26% relative improvement over the ILSVRC 2014 winner (GoogLeNet, 6.66% [33]). To our knowledge, our result is the first to surpass the reported human-level performance (5.1%, [26]) on this dataset.

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9,436 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1162/NECO_A_00990
Waseem Rawat1, Zenghui Wang1Institutions (1)
01 Sep 2017-Neural Computation
Abstract: Convolutional neural networks CNNs have been applied to visual tasks since the late 1980s. However, despite a few scattered applications, they were dormant until the mid-2000s when developments in computing power and the advent of large amounts of labeled data, supplemented by improved algorithms, contributed to their advancement and brought them to the forefront of a neural network renaissance that has seen rapid progression since 2012. In this review, which focuses on the application of CNNs to image classification tasks, we cover their development, from their predecessors up to recent state-of-the-art deep learning systems. Along the way, we analyze 1 their early successes, 2 their role in the deep learning renaissance, 3 selected symbolic works that have contributed to their recent popularity, and 4 several improvement attempts by reviewing contributions and challenges of over 300 publications. We also introduce some of their current trends and remaining challenges.

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1,353 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FPLS.2016.01419
Abstract: Crop diseases are a major threat to food security, but their rapid identification remains difficult in many parts of the world due to the lack of the necessary infrastructure. The combination of increasing global smartphone penetration and recent advances in computer vision made possible by deep learning has paved the way for smartphone-assisted disease diagnosis. Using a public dataset of 54,306 images of diseased and healthy plant leaves collected under controlled conditions, we train a deep convolutional neural network to identify 14 crop species and 26 diseases (or absence thereof). The trained model achieves an accuracy of 99.35% on a held-out test set, demonstrating the feasibility of this approach. Overall, the approach of training deep learning models on increasingly large and publicly available image datasets presents a clear path toward smartphone-assisted crop disease diagnosis on a massive global scale.

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Topics: Plant disease (59%), Deep learning (53%)

1,135 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.COMPAG.2018.01.009
Abstract: In this paper, convolutional neural network models were developed to perform plant disease detection and diagnosis using simple leaves images of healthy and diseased plants, through deep learning methodologies. Training of the models was performed with the use of an open database of 87,848 images, containing 25 different plants in a set of 58 distinct classes of [plant, disease] combinations, including healthy plants. Several model architectures were trained, with the best performance reaching a 99.53% success rate in identifying the corresponding [plant, disease] combination (or healthy plant). The significantly high success rate makes the model a very useful advisory or early warning tool, and an approach that could be further expanded to support an integrated plant disease identification system to operate in real cultivation conditions.

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690 Citations


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YearCitations
20218