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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/00038628.2020.1713042

Development of a self-sufficient dynamic façade within the context of climate change

04 Mar 2021-Architectural Science Review (Taylor & Francis)-Vol. 64, pp 87-97
Abstract: Building envelope design is rising in relevance and, within this specific context, the application of passive and climate adaptive building shells (CABS) is investigated as an opportunity for energ...

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Topics: Building envelope (55%), Context (language use) (55%), Facade (55%) ... show more
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8 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.AUTCON.2020.103450
Abstract: The most ambitious challenge for designers is an effective shading system that is able to keep the balance between the daylight harvesting and view out maximization while minimizing discomfort risks and building's energy load. In the literature, several definitions exist for an adaptive facade and many terminologies were introduced and used interchangeably. Therefore, this paper aims to distinguish the existing adaptive system typologies based on their key characteristics. In addition, a review based on a systematic search is conducted to outline possible design approaches towards non-conventional adaptive facades (AFs) through simulations at early stage of design. As the main research outcome, most of the studies evaluated indoor daylighting level and discomfort glare through parametric tools, while none of them proposed a specific control strategy to predict non-conventional adaptive facades' performance. These observations emphasize existing research gaps in this field that can affect the applicability of such facades in real practices.

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Topics: Daylighting (51%), Daylight harvesting (50%)

12 Citations


Open access
01 Jan 2012-
Abstract: Abstract Responsive building elements (RBEs), renewable energy sources (RES) and energy storage within the building are considered as a key issue for the development of zero energy/emission buildings. The exploitation at the building scale of RES and of the opportunities offered by the environment can be achieved through the ability of the RBEs to dynamically adapt to changing environmental conditions. Among various concepts, advanced integrated facades (AIFs) are probably one the most promising technologies, due to the important role that the building envelope plays in controlling the energy and mass flows between the building and the outdoor environment. In the framework of a research activity on AIFs, a new multifunctional facade module (MFM), called ACTRESS (ACTive, RESponsive and Solar) has been conceived and a prototype built for analyzing the energy performance and the potentialities of such envelope components. The work presented in the paper introduces the MFM features and illustrates the results of an experimental campaign performed for the winter (heating) season.

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Topics: Facade (57%)

4 Citations


Open access
Godfried Augenbroe1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2017-
Abstract: CLICK HERE TO LAUNCH VIDEO Description: The second webinar of the series was held on Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016 by, Prof. Godfried Augenbroe . This session deals with identifying building performance in rigorous ways and making the role of simulations more explicit in design decisions. It also gives a brief overview on implementation of systems that support performance based design About the Presenter: Professor Godfried Augenbroe directs the PhD and MS programs in High Performance Building in the School of Architecture at Georgia Tech. His research covers topics in computational building simulation, performance based design, uncertainty and risk analysis of building energy models. During session 2, he talked about Chapter 2: The Role of Simulation in Performance Based Building.

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3 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)AE.1943-5568.0000504
Jacopo Cattaruzzi1, Jacopo Gaspari1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Currently, most descriptions of low-energy buildings assume that the envelope acts as a barrier against energy loss. However, this approach does not focus on the potential exploitation of ...

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Topics: Envelope (waves) (55%)

1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.SCS.2021.103515
Shayan Mirzabeigi1, Mohamad Razkenari1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In the physics-based simulation of urban geometries, the outdoor environment was usually simulated separately from buildings – until recently, when the holistic assessment of the urban environment began to attract more attention. Although analyzing design alternatives with multiple objectives is still a challenge, computational tools enable generating thousands of scenarios to rapidly assess performance corresponding to a specific goal. In this study, we developed a multi-phase optimization framework for conceptual urban design. We tested this framework for urban typologies in Syracuse. The energy performance of each alternative was compared with a baseline. The alternatives that generate wasteful energy performance were filtered out first, then remaining scenarios that performed better than the baseline were analyzed using outdoor thermal comfort autonomy (OTCA). Mid-rise multifamily buildings showed the best performance (55.8% energy improvement compared to the baseline). Although hot week outdoor comfort satisfaction among selected mid-rise typologies was high (92.9–98.5%), the satisfaction in cold week was very low (between 8.4–11.6%) among them. This framework contributes to identifying an acceptable range of design solutions by broadening the perspective of the field toward using a more customized optimization framework in early design that will further guarantee the requirements of energy efficient and sustainable cities.

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Topics: Efficient energy use (51%)

References
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28 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.17265/2159-5313/2016.09.003
28 Sep 2016-Philosophy study
Abstract: There has been a shift from the general presumption that “doctor knows best” to a heightened respect for patient autonomy. Medical ethics remains one-sided, however. It tends (incorrectly) to interpret patient autonomy as mere participation in decisions, rather than a willingness to take the consequences. In this respect, medical ethics remains largely paternalistic, requiring doctors to protect patients from the consequences of their decisions. This is reflected in a one-sided account of duties in medical ethics. Medical ethics may exempt patients from obligations because they are the weaker or more vulnerable party in the doctor-patient relationship. We argue that vulnerability does not exclude obligation. We also look at others ways in which patients’ responsibilities flow from general ethics: for instance, from responsibilities to others and to the self, from duties of citizens, and from the responsibilities of those who solicit advice. Finally, we argue that certain duties of patients counterbalance an otherwise unfair captivity of doctors as helpers.

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Topics: Nursing ethics (83%), Medical ethics (65%)

9,859 Citations


01 Jan 2017-
Abstract: Pursuant to the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action established by decision 1/CP.17 of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention at its seventeenth session, In pursuit of the objective of the Convention, and being guided by its principles, including the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances, Recognizing the need for an effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge, Also recognizing the specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, as provided for in the Convention, Taking full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries with regard to funding and transfer of technology, Recognizing that Parties may be affected not only by climate change, but also by the impacts of the measures taken in response to it, Emphasizing the intrinsic relationship that climate change actions, responses and impacts have with equitable access to sustainable development and eradication of poverty, Recognizing the fundamental priority of safeguarding food security and ending hunger, and the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems to the adverse impacts of climate change, Taking into account the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities, Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity, Recognizing the importance of the conservation and enhancement, as appropriate, of sinks and reservoirs of the greenhouse gases referred to in the Convention, Noting the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as Mother Earth, and noting the importance for some of the concept of " climate justice " , when taking action to address climate change, Affirming the importance of education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and cooperation at all levels on the matters addressed in this Agreement, Recognizing …

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764 Citations


BookDOI: 10.1201/9780429402296
Jan Hensen, Roberto Lamberts1Institutions (1)
15 May 2019-
Abstract: 1 Introduction to Building Performance Simulation Jan Hensen (Eindhoven University of Technology) and Roberto Lamberts (Federal University of Santa Catarina) 2 The role of simulation in performance based building Godfried Augenbroe (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) 3 Weather Data for Building Performance Simulation Dru Crawley (Bentley Systems, Inc., USA) and Chip Barnaby (Wrightsoft, USA) 4 People in building performance simulation Ardeshir Mahdavi (Vienna University of Technology, Austria) 5 Thermal load and energy performance prediction Jeffrey Spitler (Oklahoma State University, USA) 6 Ventilation Performance Prediction Jelena Srebric (Pennsylvania State University, USA) 7 Indoor Thermal Quality Performance Prediction Christoph van Treeck (Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, Germany) 8 Room Acoustics Performance Prediction Ardeshir Mahdavi (Vienna University of Technology, Austria) 9 Daylight Performance Predictions Christoph Reinhart (Harvard University, USA) 10 Moisture phenomena in whole building performance prediction Jan Carmeliet (ETH, Zurich, Switzerland) Bert Blocken (Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands), Thijs Defraeye (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium) and Dominique Derome (EMPA, Switzerland) 11 HVAC systems performance prediction Jonathan Wright (Loughborough University, UK) 12 Micro-cogeneration system performance predicition Ian Beausoleil-Morrison (Carleton University, Canada) 13 Building simulation for practical operational optimization David Claridge (Texas A&M University, USA) 14 Building simulation in building automation systems Gregor P Henze (University of Colorado, USA) and Christian Neumann (Fraunhofer Institute, Freiburg, Germany) 15 Integrated resource flow modelling of the urban built environment Darren Robinson (EPFL, Switzerland) 16 Building simulation for policy support Dru Crawley (Bentley Systems, Inc., USA) 17 A view on future building system modeling and simulation Michael Wetter (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA)

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373 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJSBE.2016.03.006
Abstract: Indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and its effect on occupant well-being and comfort is an important area of study. This paper presents a state of the art study through extensive review of the literature, by establishing links between IEQs and occupant well-being and comfort. A range of issues such as sick building syndrome, indoor air quality thermal comfort, visual comfort and acoustic comfort are considered in this paper. The complexity of the relationship between occupant comfort and well-being parameters with IEQ are further exacerbated due to relationships that these parameters have with each other as well. Based on the review of literature in these areas it is established that design of buildings needs to consider occupant well-being parameters right at the beginning. Some good practices in all these different areas have also been highlighted and documented in this paper. The knowledge established as part of this paper would be helpful for researchers, designer, engineers and facilities maintenance engineers. This paper will also be of great benefit to researchers who endeavour to undertake research in this area and could act as a good starting point for them.

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329 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.SOLENER.2011.01.010
01 May 2011-Solar Energy
Abstract: The facade design is and should be considered a central issue in the design of energy-efficient buildings. That is why dynamic facade components are increasingly used to adapt to both internal and external impacts, and to cope with a reduction in energy consumption and an increase in occupant comfort. To gain a complete picture of any facade’s performance and subsequently carry out a reasonable benchmarking of various facade alternatives, the total energy consumption and indoor environment need to be considered simultaneously. We quantified the potential of dynamic solar shading facade components by using integrated simulations that took energy demand, the indoor air quality, the amount of daylight available, and visual comfort into consideration. Three types of facades were investigated (without solar shading, with fixed solar shading, and with dynamic solar shading), and we simulated them with various window heights and orientations. Their performance was evaluated on the basis of the building’s total energy demand, its energy demand for heating, cooling and lighting, and also its daylight factors. Simulation results comparing the three facade alternatives show potential for significant energy reduction, but greater differences and conflicting tendencies were revealed when the energy needed for heating, cooling and artificial lighting were considered separately. Moreover, the use of dynamic solar shading dramatically improved the amount of daylight available compared to fixed solar shading, which emphasises the need for dynamic and integrated simulations early in the design process to facilitate informed design decisions about the facade.

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Topics: Facade (55%), Daylight (54%), Energy consumption (52%)

209 Citations


Performance
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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20221
20215
20171
20121