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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSNANO.0C09802

Direct Visualization of Chiral Amplification of Chiral Aggregation Induced Emission Molecules in Nematic Liquid Crystals.

04 Mar 2021-ACS Nano (American Chemical Society (ACS))-Vol. 15, Iss: 3, pp 4956-4966
Abstract: Chiral amplification in liquid crystals (LCs) is a well-known strategy. However, current knowledge about the underlying mechanism was still lacking; in particular, how it was realized at the nano scale still remained to be revealed. Here, we provide systematical exploration of chiral amplification of chiral aggregation induced emission (AIE) molecules in LCs from direct visualization of their co-assemblies at the nano scale to theoretical calculation of the molecular packing modes on a single molecular level. Using AFM imaging,we directly visualized the co-assembly formed by chiral AIE molecules/LCs at the nano scale: the chiral AIE molecules self-assembled into helical fibers to serve as the helical template for LCs to bind, while the LCs helically bound to the helical fibers to form the co-assembly, giving the morphology of pearled necklaces or thick rods. Theoretical calculation suggested that chiral AIE molecules were packed into left-handed helical fibers with a large volume of empty space between neighboring molecules, which provided the binding cites for LCs. Structural analysis showed that the π-π stacking between aromatic groups from LCs and TPE groups and the σ-π hyperconjugation between LC aromatic groups and cholesterol aliphatic groups play an important role in stabilizing the binding of LCs in the confined space on the surface of the helical assemblies.

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Topics: Liquid crystal (54%)

13 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/D1SC02305E
Chenchen Liu1, Jun-Cheng Yang2, Jacky Wing Yip Lam1, Hai-Tao Feng2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
10 Jun 2021-Chemical Science
Abstract: Chirality is important to chemistry, biology and optoelectronic materials. The study on chirality has lasted for more than 170 years since its discovery. Recently, chiral materials with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) have attracted increasing interest because of their fascinating photophysical properties. In this review, we discussed the recent development of chiral materials with AIE properties, including their molecular structures, self-assembly and functions. Generally, the most effective strategy to design a chiral AIE luminogen (AIEgen) is to attach a chiral scaffold to an AIE-active fluorophore through covalent bonds. Moreover, some propeller-like or shell-like AIEgens without chiral units exhibit latent chirality upon mirror image symmetry breaking. The chirality of achiral AIEgens can also be induced by some optically active molecules through non-covalent interactions. The introduction of an AIE unit into chiral materials can enhance the efficiency of their circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) in the solid state and the dissymmetric factors of their helical architectures formed through self-assembly. Thus, highly efficient circularly polarized organic light-emitting diodes (CPOLEDs) with AIE characteristics are developed and show great potential in 3D displays. Chiral AIEgens are also widely utilized as “turn on” sensors for rapid enantioselective determination of chiral reagents. It is anticipated that the present review can entice readers to realize the importance of chirality and attract much more chemists to contribute their efforts to chirality and AIE study.

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Topics: Chirality (chemistry) (57%)

5 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSNANO.1C06959
24 Aug 2021-ACS Nano

1 Citations


49 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.445869
Abstract: Classical Monte Carlo simulations have been carried out for liquid water in the NPT ensemble at 25 °C and 1 atm using six of the simpler intermolecular potential functions for the water dimer: Bernal–Fowler (BF), SPC, ST2, TIPS2, TIP3P, and TIP4P. Comparisons are made with experimental thermodynamic and structural data including the recent neutron diffraction results of Thiessen and Narten. The computed densities and potential energies are in reasonable accord with experiment except for the original BF model, which yields an 18% overestimate of the density and poor structural results. The TIPS2 and TIP4P potentials yield oxygen–oxygen partial structure functions in good agreement with the neutron diffraction results. The accord with the experimental OH and HH partial structure functions is poorer; however, the computed results for these functions are similar for all the potential functions. Consequently, the discrepancy may be due to the correction terms needed in processing the neutron data or to an effect uniformly neglected in the computations. Comparisons are also made for self‐diffusion coefficients obtained from molecular dynamics simulations. Overall, the SPC, ST2, TIPS2, and TIP4P models give reasonable structural and thermodynamic descriptions of liquid water and they should be useful in simulations of aqueous solutions. The simplicity of the SPC, TIPS2, and TIP4P functions is also attractive from a computational standpoint.

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Topics: Water model (53%), Solvent models (52%), Water dimer (51%) ... show more

29,424 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.448118
Abstract: In molecular dynamics (MD) simulations the need often arises to maintain such parameters as temperature or pressure rather than energy and volume, or to impose gradients for studying transport properties in nonequilibrium MD A method is described to realize coupling to an external bath with constant temperature or pressure with adjustable time constants for the coupling The method is easily extendable to other variables and to gradients, and can be applied also to polyatomic molecules involving internal constraints The influence of coupling time constants on dynamical variables is evaluated A leap‐frog algorithm is presented for the general case involving constraints with coupling to both a constant temperature and a constant pressure bath

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Topics: Coupling (52%), Constant (mathematics) (52%), Non-equilibrium thermodynamics (51%) ... show more

22,197 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.464397
Tom Darden1, Darrin M. York1, Lee G. Pedersen1Institutions (1)
Abstract: An N⋅log(N) method for evaluating electrostatic energies and forces of large periodic systems is presented. The method is based on interpolation of the reciprocal space Ewald sums and evaluation of the resulting convolutions using fast Fourier transforms. Timings and accuracies are presented for three large crystalline ionic systems.

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Topics: Ewald summation (69%), P3M (64%), Particle Mesh (51%)

20,639 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.470117
Ulrich Essmann1, Lalith Perera1, Max L. Berkowitz, Tom Darden2  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: The previously developed particle mesh Ewald method is reformulated in terms of efficient B‐spline interpolation of the structure factors This reformulation allows a natural extension of the method to potentials of the form 1/rp with p≥1 Furthermore, efficient calculation of the virial tensor follows Use of B‐splines in place of Lagrange interpolation leads to analytic gradients as well as a significant improvement in the accuracy We demonstrate that arbitrary accuracy can be achieved, independent of system size N, at a cost that scales as N log(N) For biomolecular systems with many thousands of atoms this method permits the use of Ewald summation at a computational cost comparable to that of a simple truncation method of 10 A or less

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Topics: P3M (68%), Ewald summation (66%), Particle Mesh (56%) ... show more

15,288 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CT700301Q
Abstract: Molecular simulation is an extremely useful, but computationally very expensive tool for studies of chemical and biomolecular systems Here, we present a new implementation of our molecular simulation toolkit GROMACS which now both achieves extremely high performance on single processors from algorithmic optimizations and hand-coded routines and simultaneously scales very well on parallel machines The code encompasses a minimal-communication domain decomposition algorithm, full dynamic load balancing, a state-of-the-art parallel constraint solver, and efficient virtual site algorithms that allow removal of hydrogen atom degrees of freedom to enable integration time steps up to 5 fs for atomistic simulations also in parallel To improve the scaling properties of the common particle mesh Ewald electrostatics algorithms, we have in addition used a Multiple-Program, Multiple-Data approach, with separate node domains responsible for direct and reciprocal space interactions Not only does this combination of a

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Topics: Particle Mesh (50%)

12,609 Citations