scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Journal ArticleDOI

Disaster management practices of academic libraries in Panay Island, Philippines: Lessons from Typhoon Haiyan

01 Jan 2019-Information Development (SAGE Publications)-Vol. 35, Iss: 1, pp 51-66
TL;DR: Using an eight-part survey instrument, the authors documents the impact of Typhoon Haiyan on library personnel in a disaster management plan, which can guide library personnel on what to do in a critical time.
Abstract: A disaster management plan is essential because it can guide library personnel on what to do in a critical time. Using an eight-part survey instrument, this paper documents the impact of Typhoon Ha...
Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors compared the use of library resources (including interlibrary loan, website and discovery tool pageviews, database use, patron interactions, etc.) at three university libraries before and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted higher education, including academic libraries. This paper compares the use of library resources (including interlibrary loan, website and discovery tool pageviews, database use, patron interactions, etc.) at three university libraries before and after the pandemic. The latter part of the 2019 and 2020 spring semesters are the time frames of focus, although two control time frames from earlier in those semesters are used to determine how the semesters differed when the coronavirus was not a factor. The institutions experienced similar patterns of use across many metrics..

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
30 Apr 2020
TL;DR: In this article, a cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted to determine the extent of disaster awareness and preparedness of the barrio or barangay community from the five southern municipalities of Zambales, Philippines.
Abstract: The social, biological and economic cost of natural disasters have increased in recent years due to skyrocketing population growth, environmental denudation and global climate change. This cross-sectional descriptive survey research determines the extent of disaster awareness and preparedness of the barrio or barangay community from the five southern municipalities of Zambales, Philippines. A total of 480 residents responded to the study. Results revealed that a majority of respondents were moderately aware about the different disasters occurring in the community. They are very aware about a typhoon whilst being moderately aware about a tsunami and storm surge. In terms of hazard level, respondents perceived a typhoon to be ‘very destructive’, whilst they understood a tsunami and storm surge to be ‘strong’. The barrio community often practice disaster preparedness for earthquakes, strong typhoons, landslides, fire, flood and volcanic eruptions. Amongst residents of the barrios, a moderate correlation exists (r=0.449) between their levels of disaster awareness and disaster preparedness. The results of this study provide a baseline information to use in decisions about the integration of disaster science and management in the curriculum at basic and higher education levels. Moreover, the results of this study also provided insights into the crafting of a community extension program to be spearheaded by the university. Such a program accentuates the need for massive dissemination of information about disasters for local communities so they become more aware about the causes and consequences of disasters. The proposed curriculum integration and extension program may inform practitioners and policy makers in making sound decisions regarding disaster risk reduction and mitigation strategies.

14 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jul 2020
TL;DR: In this article, a quantitative approach was used to survey 85 academic library representatives who attended an academic librarian forum in Jakarta, Indonesia, to identify potential disasters that may be experienced by academic libraries in Indonesia as well as their disaster preparedness activities.
Abstract: Abstract Disaster preparedness activities are important for libraries, as they collect and provide access to information and knowledge of human intellectual ideas and work. This study aims to identify potential disasters that may be experienced by academic libraries in Indonesia as well as their disaster preparedness activities. A quantitative approach was used to survey 85 academic library representatives who attended an academic librarian forum in Jakarta, Indonesia. The results identified the many types of natural and manmade disasters that have already and continue to threaten collections and services of respondent libraries. In addition to earthquakes and floods, threats include risks from human actions such as theft and vandalism, as well as problems arising from unstable electrical power supplies, and hardware and software malfunctions. This study also found that the majority of libraries participating in the study do not have a disaster preparedness plan.

6 citations

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the unusual statistical characteristics of Typhoon Haiyan using the JTWC best track data from 1945 to 2013, particularly focusing on tropical cyclones making landfall in the Philippines.
Abstract: The unusual statistical characteristics of Typhoon Haiyan were investigated using the JTWC best track data from 1945 to 2013, particularly focusing on tropical cyclones making landfall in the Philippines. Haiyan generated the strongest winds among a collection of over 400 past storms, which was 16 % greater than the second strongest typhoon on record (Typhoon Zeb in 1998). The forward speed of Haiyan was nearly twice as fast as the average speed of these weather systems and could be the fastest typhoon on record. Thus, Haiyan can be characterized as both the fastest moving and strongest typhoon measured in the area. The return period for a Haiyan-class typhoon to make landfall was estimated to be 200 years. A statistical analysis also indicated that the number of tropical cyclone making landfall around Leyte Island in the Philippines—the area most severely damaged by Haiyan—has been steadily increasing over the past 7 decades. Analysis of sea surface temperature (SST) indicates that both Haiyan and Zeb occurred during seasons that were characterized by remarkably warm SSTs over the seas surrounding the Philippines.

54 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...(Takagi and Esteban, 2016). The high wind speed of Typhoon Haiyan and its strong intensity caused a great deal of damage to infrastructures and brought massive storm surges to the coastal communities. Other than houses, health facilities, roads, and bridges, hundreds of schools, as well as their libraries, were greatly affected. A good disaster management program could mitigate the effects of such natural disasters to natural resources, infrastructures, and most importantly to human beings. Equally important in the existence of human beings are the libraries. Libraries, especially their collections, being the depository of knowledge and information, must be protected by any possible means for future generations. However, when Typhoon Haiyan hit, the majority of the collections of the libraries in the affected areas were greatly damaged due to insecure library structures, a reality that reflects the current state of the majority of the libraries in the country. The regular occurrence of disasters in the Philippines makes libraries and resources vulnerable to damage. However, there is a scarcity of information on disaster management of libraries in the country. In the case of Typhoon Ondoy (international name Ketsana) in September 2009, Totanes (2009) wondered why Filipino librarians whose libraries were affected by the typhoon were not active in spreading information about the status of their libraries....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, six case studies of UK libraries and archives were used to investigate the development and use of disaster plans and found that the most useful part of the plan for disaster response is its contact lists.
Abstract: The disaster plan is promoted as a central part of disaster management. Six case studies of UK libraries and archives were used to investigate the development and use of disaster plans. During a disaster, the key in any response is leadership, an experienced team of staff with knowledge of the collections and on‐site conservation expertise. The most useful part of the plan for disaster response is its contact lists. However, the plan is an important policy and training document. It requires continued managerial commitment and should be supported by an organisational culture of disaster awareness and prevention. Organisational issues are the major constraint on the effectiveness of disaster planning and response. There is a need to investigate current levels of planning in the UK in order to determine what still needs to be done in terms of awareness raising. Methods of testing the disaster plan and co‐operation in disaster management also require further research.

41 citations


"Disaster management practices of ac..." refers background in this paper

  • ...It is an important policy and training document, which requires continued managerial commitment and support by an organizational culture of disaster awareness and prevention (Muir and Shenton, 2002)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article is an attempt to put the destruction of libraries during the wars in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Kosovo into a broader theoretical and legal context.
Abstract: Just as the Cold War came to an unexpectedly peaceful end in 1991, a series of wars engulfed the former Yugoslavia. The Balkan wars brought about the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people and the forced dislocation of millions more, singled out for persecution because of their ethnic and religious identity. The violence against human beings was accompanied by the systematic destruction of the cultural record—libraries, archives, and other cultural heritage. This article is an attempt to put the destruction of libraries during the wars in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Kosovo into a broader theoretical and legal context. It examines patterns and methods of destruction, the track record of legal and practical measures to protect endangered collections in time of armed conflict, the ongoing quest to bring those responsible for attacks on libraries to justice, the responses of the international community and of the library community to this cultural catastrophe during the war and in the post-war period, and the growing recognition of the nexus between cultural heritage and human rights. It also addresses the troubled aftermath of ethnic conflict and the perils of reconstruction in a post-war environment, in which libraries continue to be endangered by nationalist politics.

33 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...…Superio and Alayon, 2014), earthquakes (Butler, 1988; Kumagai, 2012), hurricanes or typhoons (Jordon, 1970; Cassell, 2004; Skinner, 2007; Newman and Harris, 2015), tsunami (Amarasiri, 2005), volcanic eruption (Cassell, 2004) and wars (Johnson, 2005; Riedlmayer, 2007; Hasenay and Krtalic, 2010)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The preliminary findings of a one‐year British Library Research and Development Department‐funded project looking at disaster management in British libraries highlight the importance of personnel issues such as the careful selection of those responsible for disaster management and staff counselling following a disaster.
Abstract: Presents the preliminary findings of a one‐year British Library Research and Development Department‐funded project looking at disaster management in British libraries. Based on visits to some 30 organizations within and outside the library profession and analysis of 62 library disaster control plans, considers the terms “disaster”, “disaster control planning” and “disaster management”, highlighting the central role of the written disaster control plan. Emphasizes the need for these plans to be managed and supported by risk assessments and regular inspections of buildings and equipment, the identification and use of reliable expert advice, staff training programmes and contingency planning for temporary services, accommodation and storage. Undertlines the importance of personnel issues such as the careful selection of those responsible for disaster management and staff counselling following a disaster, and also the need to investigate insurance cover and to consider the installation of fire detection and suppression systems.

33 citations


"Disaster management practices of ac..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Similar to the primary reason for the disposal of the water damaged library materials at Benjamin Franklin High School Library (Washington, 2007), as shown in Table 7, the primary reasons for the disposal of the library materials were infestation of molds (14, 78%), library materials with coated or glossy pages stuck together (13, 72%), library materials with color illustrations that bled (11, 61%), materials whose pages had disintegrated (10, 56%)....

    [...]

  • ...Washington (2007) developed an action plan containing the information that helped them rebuild Benjamin Franklin High School Library after the onslaught of Hurricane Katrina. Some of their approaches to rebuilding the library were: 1) located funding sources through government agencies and library associations; 2) looked for volunteers and trained them, these included librarians, school alumni, parents, friends, community groups, and churches; and 3) developed partnership with the graduate school of library and information science, that proved to be really helpful in collection building and in organizing the donated or newly acquired library materials. Likewise, Peterson (2008) suggested that libraries should include methods of handling outside help and donations in their disaster planning....

    [...]

  • ...Washington (2007) developed an action plan containing the information that helped them rebuild Benjamin Franklin High School Library after the onslaught of Hurricane Katrina....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
Andy Corrigan1
TL;DR: The experience of the largest among many academic libraries in New Orleans severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina was described in this paper, where a remarkable early effort was undertaken to save collections and stabilize flooded library buildings.
Abstract: Purpose – This paper aims to describe the experience of the largest among many academic libraries in New Orleans severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina. In this case, at Tulane University, a remarkable early effort was undertaken to save collections and stabilize flooded library buildings. Other daunting challenges followed.Design/methodology/approach – The paper reports observations on critical aspects of the library's recovery, which was still ongoing at the time of this writing more than two years after the hurricane.Findings – The paper draws preliminary conclusions about disaster planning and response to actual disasters.Originality/value – The event covered maybe unprecedented in many ways even apart from its scale, since its location was a major city that was almost entirely evacuated apart from military personnel. Effective disaster response is a context sensitive and complex undertaking. In this case special problems arose initially in just responding to the scene and later in ways connected to t...

31 citations


"Disaster management practices of ac..." refers background in this paper

  • ...and buildings for emergencies and is a means for effectively establishing communication channels after a disaster occurs (Corrigan, 2008)....

    [...]

  • ...It also prepares staff and buildings for emergencies and is a means for effectively establishing communication channels after a disaster occurs (Corrigan, 2008)....

    [...]

Trending Questions (1)
What are the best practices that Philippines libraries can follow to prevent internet scams?

The paper does not specifically address best practices for preventing internet scams in libraries. The paper discusses disaster management practices of academic libraries in Panay Island, Philippines, particularly in response to Typhoon Haiyan.