scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Journal ArticleDOI

Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

25 Jun 2013-The European Legacy (Routledge)-Vol. 18, Iss: 3, pp 374-375
TL;DR: Bourdieu as mentioned in this paper presents a combination of social theory, statistical data, illustrations, and interviews, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judg..., which is a collection of interviews with Bourdieu.
Abstract: By Pierre Bourdieu (London: Routledge, 2010), xxx + 607 pp. £15.99 paper. A combination of social theory, statistical data, illustrations, and interviews, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judg...
Citations
More filters
DOI
TL;DR: This paper explored the characteristics, processes, and particularities of three brand communities (those centered on Ford Bronco, Macintosh, and Saab) and found that these brand communities exhibit three traditional markers of community: shared consciousness, rituals and traditions, and a sense of moral responsibility.
Abstract: This article introduces the idea of brand community. A brand community is a specialized, non-geographically bound community, based on a structured set of social relations among admirers of a brand. Grounded in both classic and contemporary sociology and consumer behavior, this article uses ethnographic and computer mediated environment data to explore the characteristics, processes, and particularities of three brand communities (those centered on Ford Bronco, Macintosh, and Saab). These brand communities exhibit three traditional markers of community: shared consciousness, rituals and traditions, and a sense of moral responsibility. The commercial and mass-mediated ethos in which these communities are situated affects their character and structure and gives rise to their particularities. Implications for branding, sociological theories of community, and consumer behavior are offered.

1,782 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the context of the apparent closure of neoliberalism, the authors can think of no more profoundly humanist statement than "no mode of production and therefore no dominant social order and thus no dom...
Abstract: In the context of the apparent closure of neoliberalism, I can think of no more profoundly humanist statement than “no mode of production and therefore no dominant social order and therefore no dom...

1,658 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors discusses North American and European research from the sociology of valuation and evaluation (SVE), a research topic that has attracted considerable attention in recent years, focusing on subprocesses such as categorization and legitimation, conditions that sustain heterarchies and valuation and evaluative practices.
Abstract: This review discusses North American and European research from the sociology of valuation and evaluation (SVE), a research topic that has attracted considerable attention in recent years. The goal is to bring various bodies of work into conversation with one another in order to stimulate more cumulative theory building. This is accomplished by focusing on (a) subprocesses such as categorization and legitimation, (b) the conditions that sustain heterarchies, and (c) valuation and evaluative practices. The article reviews these literatures and provides directions for a future research agenda.

930 citations

MonographDOI
04 Oct 2013
TL;DR: In this paper, Kramsch et al. discuss the world of adult immigrant language learners and claim the right to speak in classrooms and communities in order to learn second language acquisition theory revisited.
Abstract: Preface Introduction 1. Fact and fiction in language learning 2. Researching identity and language learning 3. The world of adult immigrant language learners 4. Eva and Mai: Old heads on young shoulders 5. Mothers, migration and language learning 6. Second language acquisition theory revisited 7. Claiming the right to speak in classrooms and communities Afterword by Claire Kramsch

928 citations


Cites methods from "Distinction: A Social Critique of t..."

  • ...Inspired by the work of Bourdieu (1977, 1984, 1991), it signals the socially and historically constructed relationship of learners to the target language and their often ambivalent desire to learn and practice it....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors presents a case study of hiring in elite professional service firms, and investigates the often suggested but heretofore empiricallistic assumptions about culture as a vehicle of labor market sorting.
Abstract: This article presents culture as a vehicle of labor market sorting. Providing a case study of hiring in elite professional service firms, I investigate the often suggested but heretofore empiricall...

813 citations


Cites background from "Distinction: A Social Critique of t..."

  • ...In the firms studied here, the majority of interview dyads consisted of whites evaluating other whites and males evaluating other males, yet cultural similarities were still highly salient bases of evaluation within same-sex and same-race dyads....

    [...]

  • ...…service firms, I investigate the often suggested but previously untested hypothesis that cultural similarities—defined here as shared tastes, experiences, leisure pursuits, and selfpresentation styles (Bourdieu 1984)—between employers and job candidates matter for employers’ hiring decisions....

    [...]

  • ...Consequently, cultural reproduction (Bourdieu 1984) of these firms was in many ways over-determined, as organizational, cognitive, and affective processes reinforced one another to create new hire classes that mirrored firms’ existing employees in cultural signals and lifestyle markers....

    [...]

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the context of the apparent closure of neoliberalism, the authors can think of no more profoundly humanist statement than "no mode of production and therefore no dominant social order and thus no dom...
Abstract: In the context of the apparent closure of neoliberalism, I can think of no more profoundly humanist statement than “no mode of production and therefore no dominant social order and therefore no dom...

1,658 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors discusses North American and European research from the sociology of valuation and evaluation (SVE), a research topic that has attracted considerable attention in recent years, focusing on subprocesses such as categorization and legitimation, conditions that sustain heterarchies and valuation and evaluative practices.
Abstract: This review discusses North American and European research from the sociology of valuation and evaluation (SVE), a research topic that has attracted considerable attention in recent years. The goal is to bring various bodies of work into conversation with one another in order to stimulate more cumulative theory building. This is accomplished by focusing on (a) subprocesses such as categorization and legitimation, (b) the conditions that sustain heterarchies, and (c) valuation and evaluative practices. The article reviews these literatures and provides directions for a future research agenda.

930 citations

MonographDOI
04 Oct 2013
TL;DR: In this paper, Kramsch et al. discuss the world of adult immigrant language learners and claim the right to speak in classrooms and communities in order to learn second language acquisition theory revisited.
Abstract: Preface Introduction 1. Fact and fiction in language learning 2. Researching identity and language learning 3. The world of adult immigrant language learners 4. Eva and Mai: Old heads on young shoulders 5. Mothers, migration and language learning 6. Second language acquisition theory revisited 7. Claiming the right to speak in classrooms and communities Afterword by Claire Kramsch

928 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors presents a case study of hiring in elite professional service firms, and investigates the often suggested but heretofore empiricallistic assumptions about culture as a vehicle of labor market sorting.
Abstract: This article presents culture as a vehicle of labor market sorting. Providing a case study of hiring in elite professional service firms, I investigate the often suggested but heretofore empiricall...

813 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This framework describes how class-based contextualist and solipsistic tendencies shape the self, perceptions of the social environment, and relationships to other individuals and details 9 hypotheses and relevant empirical evidence concerning how class influences behavior.
Abstract: Social class is shaped by an individual’s material resources as well as perceptions of rank vis-a `-vis others in society, and in this article, we examine how class influences behavior. Diminished resources and lower rank create contexts that constrain social outcomes for lower-class individuals and enhance contextualist tendencies—that is, a focus on external, uncontrollable social forces and other individuals who influence one’s life outcomes. In contrast, abundant resources and elevated rank create contexts that enhance the personal freedoms of upper-class individuals and give rise to solipsistic social cognitive tendencies—that is, an individualistic focus on one’s own internal states, goals, motivations, and emotions. Guided by this framework, we detail 9 hypotheses and relevant empirical evidence concerning how class-based contextualist and solipsistic tendencies shape the self, perceptions of the social environment, and relationships to other individuals. Novel predictions and implications for research in other socio-political contexts are considered.

811 citations