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Dynamics of Bright Soliton Under Cubic-Quartic Interactions in Quasi One-Dimensional Geometry

22 May 2023-
TL;DR: In this paper , a variational analysis of solitonic regime with eGP equation while the soliton is subjected to an obstacle is performed, revealing the existence of tunneling, partial and complete trappings, in different parameter domains.
Abstract: Recent inspection of liquid-like state in ultracold atomic gases due to the stabilization mechanism through the delicate balance between effective mean-field and beyond mean-field (BMF) interactions, has motivated us to study the modified/extended Gross-Pitaevskii (eGP) equation which includes the BMF contribution. In this article, we focus on variational analysis of solitonic regime with eGP equation while the soliton is subjected to an obstacle. This reveals different scattering scenarios of the soliton with explicit dependence of the BMF interaction. The results show the existence of tunneling, partial and complete trappings, in different parameter domains. These observations are further corroborated by the fast-Fourier transform method. In the later part we also extend our analysis to trapped systems. The controlled trapping in defect potential and its release can be potentially useful for quantum information storage.

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