Dynamics of tourism development and aspects of sustainability: a case study of Ladakh.
Abstract: In a region like Ladakh which is an arid, high altitude, ecologically fragile, strategically located, culturally rich but sensitive area known for its unique Tibetan Buddhist culture, tourism was abruptly introduced with inadequate planning primarily to foster economic development and growth. In a short span of about two-and-a-half decades the self-sufficient agricultural economy following the barter system of trade has been converted to a cash economy, with a high dependence on the tourist industry for revenue and employment generation. It has also resulted in the degradation of physical and socio-cultural environment, which is the prime attraction for tourists. If this trend continues tourists will no longer be motivated to visit this region thus adversely impacting the tourism industry and consequently the economy of the region. Ways have to be found where tourism and environment can co-exist without damaging each other. The need of the hour is to formulate, develop and implement a pragmatic policy of ...
"Dynamics of tourism development and..." refers background in this paper
...Hypothetical models of resort life cycles have been suggested by Noronha (1976), Butler (1980) and Singh (1983). According to Butler, tourism development consists of six stages such as exploration- discovery of the area by tourists; involvement- first signs of appearance of small facilities and increased tourist arrivals; development evolution of the destination from a small scale provider of tourist services to one dominated by tourism industry (impacts are most likely to occur during this stage); consolidation- this is the stage when tourist arrivals begin to level off and the negative impacts begin to be recognized by the host society on a large scale; this is followed by stagnation during which growth of new tourist arrivals stops which may lead to rejuvenation - when another round of development begins - or decline, when tourists lose interest in the destination....
...Hypothetical models of resort life cycles have been suggested by Noronha (1976), Butler (1980) and Singh (1983)....