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Dissertation

Echoes of the fall of the Umayyads in traditional and modern sources : a case study of the final eight years of the Umayyad Empire with some reference to Gramsci's theory of cultural hegemony

30 Nov 2015-
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a review of the literature in the field of bio-medical data visualization, including a discussion of the role of bioinformatics in cancer diagnosis.
Abstract: .......................................................................................................................................... 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................................................ 4 1 Chapter One: Introduction ...................................................................................................... 9 1.
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TL;DR: In this article, the authors explore various aspects of Islamic law as seen through the eyes of one of the great minds of the Middle Ages, Ibn Rushd (known to the West as Averroës, d. 1196).
Abstract: Description: Islamic law, the sacred law of Islam grounded in the Qur!!n, the practice of the Prophet Mu\"ammad, and the writings of Muslim scholars and jurists, stretches back nearly 1500 years. In this course, we will explore various aspects of Islamic law as seen through the eyes of one of the great minds of the Middle Ages, Ibn Rushd (known to the West as Averroës, d. 1196). Based on readings from Ibn Rushd’s handbook of Islamic law, The Distinguished Jurist’s Primer (Bid!yat al-mujtahid), and other texts, this course will examine Islamic legal doctrine relating to criminal and penal law, ritual purity, dietary rules, family law, commercial law, and the law of war. Additional readings will deal with the role of the Qur!!n in early Islamic law, gender, Muslim feminism and the law, and some contemporary Muslim responses to the Islamic legal tradition. Students will learn the main outlines of the history of Islamic law, its major concepts, and selected areas of legal doctrine. Comparative analyses of legal doctrines will also serve to introduce students to some general legal concepts. No previous background in Arabic or Islamic studies is required for this course.

205 citations

Journal Article

163 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Hallaq as mentioned in this paper provides both the interested reader and the serious student a comprehensive, engaging introduction to the elements and contours of Islamic law, and suggests that the four essential attributes of the Islamic legal system - a fully functional judiciary with a court system and rules of evidence and procedure, the elaboration of a legal doctrine, the emergence of legal methodology and interpretation, and the maturation of the doctrinal legal schools - were in place by the middle of the 10th century C.E., and subsequent developments refined but did not further shape this system.
Abstract: LAW The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law, by Wael B. Hallaq. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. x + 206 pages. Maps. Gloss, to p. 210. Short bios, to p. 216. Bibl. to p. 224. Index to p. 234. $70 cloth; $24.99 paper. Professor Wael Hallaq offers both the interested reader and the serious student a comprehensive, engaging introduction to the elements and contours of Islamic law. He covers its origins in the pre-Islamic cultures of the Near East to its final construction as a functioning legal system about three centuries after the Prophet's death. By itself, or coupled with his earlier introduction to Islamic legal thought,1 which might profitably be read subsequent to this book, Hallaq's exploration of the development of Islamic law provides a solid foundation for understanding the major themes of the subject, as well as a starting point for its more detailed and specialized study. Hallaq suggests that the four essential attributes of the Islamic legal system - a fully functional judiciary with a court system and rules of evidence and procedure, the elaboration of a legal doctrine, the emergence of a science of legal methodology and interpretation, and the maturation of the doctrinal legal schools - were in place by the middle of the 10th century C.E., and subsequent developments refined but did not further shape this system. His chapterby-chapter examination of these four attributes revolves around a central process that established the defining characteristics of each one. To cite three examples, the important function of the qadis in restraining the power of the caliphs was made possible by the transformation of the military and bureaucratic office of the proto-qadi into a more narrowly defined but increasingly independent role of the qadi as judge. Regarding legal methodology, the declining influence of the rationalists (ahl al-ra'y) in favor of the traditionalists (ahl al-hadith) culminated in a "great synthesis" of the two approaches to legal reasoning that established the parameters of legal thought in Sunni Islam. In the final stage of development, the Sunni juristic "schools" (maddhab) were established through a process of scholarship that evolved throughout the formative period from scholarly circles to personal schools, culminating in four primary doctrinal schools whose scholarship was then projected back to an eponym, such as Shafi'i. The formation of Islamic law is thus revealed as series of related dynamic processes that built upon existing customs and norms, but rapidly took form as an entirely new and distinctive system of legal thought, institutions, and practices. …

87 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors explored the social, economic and behavioural contexts of religious activity and found that no study of religious practice, ancient or modern, is complete without reference to the work of sociologists on religious practice.
Abstract: No study of religious practice, ancient or modern, is complete without reference to the work of sociologists on religious practice. This set explores the social, economic and behavioural contexts of religious activity. It includes volumes by key anthropologist Werner Stark and economist Frank Knight.

67 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The work of as mentioned in this paper is essential reading for all those concerned with the current debates about the nature of democracy and social change in industrial societies.'___ Political Quarterly..., 2017
Abstract: ...essential reading for all those concerned with the current debates about the nature of democracy and social change in industrial societies.'___ Political Quarterly .

56 citations

References
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TL;DR: A synthetic polyisoprene rubber latex produced by emulsifying a solution of polyisoperene rubber in an organic solvent with water and removing the solvent from the resulting oil-in-water emulsion is significantly improved with respect to mechanical stability, wet gel strength and dry film strength as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: A synthetic polyisoprene rubber latex produced by emulsifying a solution of polyisoprene rubber in an organic solvent with water and removing the solvent from the resulting oil-in-water emulsion is significantly improved with respect to mechanical stability, wet gel strength and dry film strength by utilizing, as a polyisoprene rubber, a modified polyisoprene rubber prepared by introducing from about 0.03 to 20 carboxyl groups per 100 recurring units of isoprene monomer present in the synthetic cis-1,4-polyisoprene rubber.

10,422 citations

Book
01 Jan 1947
TL;DR: The Theory of Social and Economic Organization as mentioned in this paper is based on Weber's philosophical inquiries into the nature of authority and how it is transmitted, and identifies three types of authority: the charismatic, based on the individual qualities of a leader and reverence for them among his or her followers; the traditional based on custom and usage; and the rational-legal, according to the rule of objective law.
Abstract: The Theory of Social and Economic Organization grew out of Weber’s philosophical inquiries into the nature of authority and how it is transmitted. He identified three types of authority: the charismatic, based on the individual qualities of a leader and reverence for them among his or her followers; the traditional, based on custom and usage; and the rational-legal, based on the rule of objective law.

8,589 citations

Book
01 Jan 1971

6,760 citations

Book
27 Oct 1983
TL;DR: An Introduction to Islamic Law as discussed by the authors presents a broad account of our present knowledge of the history and outlines of the system of Islamic law, and is not intended in the first place for specialists, although it is hoped that it will attract study to this particularly rewarding branch of Islamic studies.
Abstract: An Introduction to Islamic Law presents a broad account of our present knowledge of the history and outlines of the system of Islamic law. It is not intended in the first place for specialists, although it is hoped that it will attract study to this particularly rewarding branch of Islamic studies, but for students and interested general readers. Islamic law is the key to understanding the essence of one of the great world religions, it still casts its spell over the laws of contemporary Islamic states, and it is in itself a remarkable manifestation of legal thought.

676 citations