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Journal ArticleDOI

Economia e Instituições no Governo Kubitschek

01 Jan 2004-Vol. 24, Iss: 1, pp 144-158

AbstractThis paper seeks to incorporate one of the most recent theoretical progresses in institutional economics to the analysis of the institutional evolution of Brazil during the period 1956/1961: an endogenous rational choice model for institutional dynamics. The Kubitschek period was chosen because it was a moment of our recent history where it was tried to implement significant institutional changes in our political, economical and social institutions seeking to accelerate the rhythm of the industrialization process. The institutions implanted however did not present the self-reinforcement property nor in the weak sense, nor in the strong sense (terms defined in the paper), being for this subject to be undermined by endogenous processes. This institutional arrangement therefore, that was initially capable to sustain itself in conditions of fast industrialization with relative stability of prices, was progressively weakened, becoming self - enforceable only in conditions of economic stagnation and accelerated inflation. It is argued finally that the analysis outlined above can be useful to understand a little better the general nature of the processes of institutional change. JEL Classification: N16; N46.

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14,668 citations


BookDOI
Abstract: Why do some democratic governments succeed and others fail? In a book that has received attention from policymakers and civic activists in America and around the world, Robert Putnam and his collaborators offer empirical evidence for the importance of "civic community" in developing successful institutions Their focus is on a unique experiment begun in 1970 when Italy created new governments for each of its regions After spending two decades analyzing the efficacy of these governments in such fields as agriculture, housing, and health services, they reveal patterns of associationism, trust, and cooperation that facilitate good governance and economic prosperity

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Posted Content
Abstract: Economic history is about the performance of economies through time. The objective of research in the field is not only to shed new light on the economic past but also to contribute to economic theory by providing an analytical framework that will enable us to understand economic change. A theory of economic dynamics comparable in precision to general equilibrium theory would be the ideal tool of analysis. In the absence of such a theory we can describe the characteristics of past economies, examine the performance of economies at various times, and engage in comparative static analysis; but missing is an analytical understanding of the way economies evolve through time.

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Journal ArticleDOI
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Abstract: Este articulo tiene por objeto presentar los rasgos, relaciones y problemas fundamentales que caracterizan al capitalismo periferico. El mayor esfuerzo analitico esta orientado a poner en claro ios mecanismos subyacentes de la distribucion de los frutos del progreso tecnico entre los diferentes estratos sociales. Asi, se describe detalladamente el proceso de formacion del excedente, y su captacion primaria por los estratos superiores —en virtud del poder que les otorga su posesion de los medios productivosy por los estratos interme dios a los que favorece el proceso de democratizacion.

17 citations