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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ASEJ.2021.02.004

Economical-technical-environmental operation of power networks with wind-solar-hydropower generation using analytic hierarchy process and improved grey wolf algorithm

04 Mar 2021-Ain Shams Engineering Journal (Elsevier)-Vol. 12, Iss: 3, pp 2717-2734
Abstract: This paper presents an economical-technical-environmental dispatch (ETED) model for an adapted IEEE 30-bus system incorporated with thermal and a mix of renewable energy sources (RESs). Total fuel costs, active power losses, and emissions level minimization is the main aim. Different equality and inequality limits involving prohibited operating zones (POZs) are considered as system restrictions. Metaheuristic optimization techniques – moth-flame optimization, salp swarm algorithm, improved grey wolf optimizer, and multi-verse optimizer – are employed to find the best solution for the generation cost, losses, and emissions. Various scenarios are examined to approve the ability of the formulated optimization model in solving the problem. A weighted sum strategy using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is used to convert the multi-objective problem into a normalized single-objective one. The AHP-ETED model presented in this work can significantly minimize fuel costs to 902.4951 $/h, lower emission levels as 0.09785 t/h, and achieve a lower power loss of 2.4110 MW. The results attained validate that the IGWO outperforms the other considered algorithms in finding the best solution to the ETED problem.

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7 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.EGYR.2021.05.023
Guangli Fan, Meng Li, Xinxiao Chen, Xiaolei Dong  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Nov 2021-Energy Reports
Abstract: Industrial development, increased demand for energy, limited fossil fuels, and the prevention of environmental damage have led to the use of renewable energy to produce power. The combined system includes renewable wind and solar energy systems or other renewable energy. The hybrid system has been widely used in recent decades to provide energy. In this research, an optimal integrated system has been used to generate electricity. The proposed system includes wind, hydropower, and photovoltaic systems. to estimate the maximum power generation and reduce fluctuations in electricity generation, three proposed algorithms have been used and three common solutions have been applied to solve the optimization problem. The performance of the combined system in different weather conditions has also been assessed. The results showed that among the three proposed algorithms, the model improved the Barnacles Mating Optimizer Algorithm (IBMO) has the best distribution and convergence. Among the three common solutions, a common solution has the most logical solution to the optimization problem. And among the different hydrological conditions, the highest electricity generation is related to the wet season. the most important role in the hybrid system related the hydropower so that despite the reduction of electricity produced in the wind and photovoltaic power plants, the hydropower plant compensates for the drop in production of these systems and causes the production flow to continue.

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Topics: Renewable energy (61%), Electricity generation (59%), Photovoltaic system (56%) ... read more

2 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/MATH9182338
21 Sep 2021-
Abstract: In the modern world, the systems getting smarter leads to a rapid increase in the usage of electricity, thereby increasing the load on the grids. The utilities are forced to meet the demand and are under stress during the peak hours due to the shortfall in power generation. The abovesaid deficit signifies the explicit need for a strategy that reduces the peak demand by rescheduling the load pattern, as well as reduces the stress on grids. Demand-side management (DSM) uses several algorithms for proper reallocation of loads, collectively known as demand response (DR). DR strategies effectively culminate in monetary benefits for customers and the utilities using dynamic pricing (DP) and incentive-based procedures. This study attempts to analyze the DP schemes of DR such as time-of-use (TOU) and real-time pricing (RTP) for different load scenarios in a smart grid (SG). Centralized and distributed algorithms are used to analyze the price-based DR problem using RTP. A techno-economic analysis was performed by using particle swarm optimization (PSO) and the strawberry (SBY) optimization algorithms used in handling the DP strategies with 109, 1992, and 7807 controllable industrial, commercial, and residential loads. A better optimization algorithm to go along with the pricing scheme to reduce the peak-to-average ratio (PAR) was identified. The results demonstrate that centralized RTP using the SBY optimization algorithm helped to achieve 14.80%, 21.7%, and 21.84% in cost reduction and outperformed the PSO.

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Topics: Dynamic pricing (59%), Demand response (58%), Smart grid (54%) ... read more

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ASEJ.2021.08.012
Naoui Mohamed1, Flah Aymen1, Mohammed Alqarni2, Rania A. Turky3  +4 moreInstitutions (6)
Abstract: Usually, electric vehicle systems are based on various modules that should ensure the high power and stability of the vehicle on the track. The majority of these components are linked to the charging mechanism. In this regard, dynamic wireless power transfer is a practical method to solve electric vehicle range anxiety and reduce the cost of onboard batteries. Wireless recharging has long been common with pure electric vehicles and is designed to allow charging even when the vehicle is in motion. However, it is difficult to analyze this method since its operating philosophy is complex, particularly with the existence of several variables and parameters. Also, the state of the vehicle, whether it is in motion or not, defines several parameters such as the vehicle speed as well as the sizes and dimensions of the coil receivers. This paper presents a novel method to improve the performance of the dynamic wireless recharge system. In the proposed system, receiver coils have been added to maximize charging power by offering a dynamic mathematical model that can describe and measure source-to-vehicle power transmission even though it is in motion. In the proposed mathematical model, all physical parameters describing the model were presented and discussed. The results showed the effectiveness of the proposed model. Also, the experimental tests confirmed the validity of the simulation results obtained by providing two coil receivers under the vehicle.

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Topics: Electric vehicle (60%), Wireless power transfer (59%), Range anxiety (56%) ... read more

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ASEJ.2021.09.017
Mohammed Alqarni1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Energy storage batteries have been described as an ideal way to solve renewable energy problems, improve self-consumption rate (ScR), and pave the way for further growth in renewables penetration. In this work, an optimization framework is proposed to enhance a grid-connected microgrid performance in three stages. The first stage epitomizes maximization of the ScR of the highly-penetrated renewables hosted in the microgrid considered via sodium sulfur batteries allocation. The second stage epitomizes the minimization of the active power losses. The third stage epitomizes the calculation of the optimal energy management relying on diminishing the overall microgrid’s cost of operation depending on the optimal findings of the earlier two stages. The coronavirus herd immunity optimization algorithm is applied on MATLAB’s platform to solve the engineering problem formulated. Numerous linear and nonlinear constraints have been taken into account. The results have gotten validate the usefulness of the developed solutions and algorithm application.

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Topics: Microgrid (57%), Energy management (51%)

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/23311916.2021.1968741
01 Jan 2021-Cogent engineering
Abstract: Medical devices used in healthcare organizations are costly, and the process of selecting these devices requires considering multiple criteria such as effectiveness and ease of use. Careful selecti...

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References
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69 results found


Book ChapterDOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-032599-6.50008-8
Thomas L. Saaty1, Kevin P. KearnsInstitutions (1)
01 Jan 1985-
Abstract: This chapter provides an overview of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), which is a systematic procedure for representing the elements of any problem hierarchically. It organizes the basic rationality by breaking down a problem into its smaller constituent parts and then guides decision makers through a series of pair-wise comparison judgments to express the relative strength or intensity of impact of the elements in the hierarchy. These judgments are then translated to numbers. The AHP includes procedures and principles used to synthesize the many judgments to derive priorities among criteria and subsequently for alternative solutions. It is useful to note that the numbers thus obtained are ratio scale estimates and correspond to so-called hard numbers. Problem solving is a process of setting priorities in steps. One step decides on the most important elements of a problem, another on how best to repair, replace, test, and evaluate the elements, and another on how to implement the solution and measure performance.

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Topics: Analytic network process (61%), Analytical hierarchy (58%), Analytic hierarchy process (58%) ... read more

16,510 Citations


Open accessJournal Article
Thomas L. Saaty1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2002-Scientia Iranica
Abstract: Decisions involve many intangibles that need to be traded off. To do that, they have to be measured along side tangibles whose measurements must also be evaluated as to, how well, they serve the objectives of the decision maker. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a theory of measurement through pairwise comparisons and relies on the judgements of experts to derive priority scales. It is these scales that measure intangibles in relative terms. The comparisons are made using a scale of absolute judgements that represents, how much more, one element dominates another with respect to a given attribute. The judgements may be inconsistent, and how to measure inconsistency and improve the judgements, when possible to obtain better consistency is a concern of the AHP. The derived priority scales are synthesised by multiplying them by the priority of their parent nodes and adding for all such nodes. An illustration is included.

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5,663 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1504/IJSSCI.2008.017590
Thomas L. Saaty1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Decisions involve many intangibles that need to be traded off To do that, they have to be measured along side tangibles whose measurements must also be evaluated as to, how well, they serve the objectives of the decision maker The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a theory of measurement through pairwise comparisons and relies on the judgements of experts to derive priority scales It is these scales that measure intangibles in relative terms The comparisons are made using a scale of absolute judgements that represents, how much more, one element dominates another with respect to a given attribute The judgements may be inconsistent, and how to measure inconsistency and improve the judgements, when possible to obtain better consistency is a concern of the AHP The derived priority scales are synthesised by multiplying them by the priority of their parent nodes and adding for all such nodes An illustration is included

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5,626 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ADVENGSOFT.2013.12.007
Abstract: This work proposes a new meta-heuristic called Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO) inspired by grey wolves (Canis lupus). The GWO algorithm mimics the leadership hierarchy and hunting mechanism of grey wolves in nature. Four types of grey wolves such as alpha, beta, delta, and omega are employed for simulating the leadership hierarchy. In addition, the three main steps of hunting, searching for prey, encircling prey, and attacking prey, are implemented. The algorithm is then benchmarked on 29 well-known test functions, and the results are verified by a comparative study with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA), Differential Evolution (DE), Evolutionary Programming (EP), and Evolution Strategy (ES). The results show that the GWO algorithm is able to provide very competitive results compared to these well-known meta-heuristics. The paper also considers solving three classical engineering design problems (tension/compression spring, welded beam, and pressure vessel designs) and presents a real application of the proposed method in the field of optical engineering. The results of the classical engineering design problems and real application prove that the proposed algorithm is applicable to challenging problems with unknown search spaces.

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Topics: Evolutionary programming (51%), Metaheuristic (51%), Evolution strategy (51%) ... read more

5,531 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0270-0255(87)90473-8
Abstract: Here we introduce the Analytic Hierarchy Process as a method of measurement with ratio scales and illustrate it with two examples. We then give the axioms and some of the central theoretical underpinnings of the theory. Finally, we discuss some of the ideas relating to this process and its ramifications. In this paper we give special emphasis to departure from consistency and its measurement and to the use of absolute and relative measurement, providing examples and justification for rank preservation and reversal in relative measurement.

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2,068 Citations