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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/10408436.2019.1708702

Effect of graphene filler structure on electrical, thermal, mechanical, and fire retardant properties of epoxy-graphene nanocomposites - a review

04 Mar 2021-Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences (Taylor & Francis)-Vol. 46, Iss: 2, pp 152-187
Abstract: The use of graphene materials, i.e. graphene oxide, reduced graphene oxide, graphene nanoplatelets and their functionalized forms as fillers of epoxy composites, is reviewed. The purpose of...

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Topics: Graphene (60%), Epoxy (52%)
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Open access
01 Jan 2016-
Abstract: graphene fundamentals and emergent applications is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. Our books collection saves in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Merely said, the graphene fundamentals and emergent applications is universally compatible with any devices to read.

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35 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/POLYM12071518
08 Jul 2020-Polymers
Abstract: Carbon based fillers have attracted a great deal of interest in polymer composites because of their ability to beneficially alter properties at low filler concentration, good interfacial bonding with polymer, availability in different forms, etc. The property alteration of polymer composites makes them versatile for applications in various fields, such as constructions, microelectronics, biomedical, and so on. Devastations due to building fire stress the importance of flame-retardant polymer composites, since they are directly related to human life conservation and safety. Thus, in this review, the significance of carbon-based flame-retardants for polymers is introduced. The effects of a wide variety of carbon-based material addition (such as fullerene, CNTs, graphene, graphite, and so on) on reaction-to-fire of the polymer composites are reviewed and the focus is dedicated to biochar-based reinforcements for use in flame retardant polymer composites. Additionally, the most widely used flammability measuring techniques for polymeric composites are presented. Finally, the key factors and different methods that are used for property enhancement are concluded and the scope for future work is discussed.

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Topics: Flammability (51%), Poison control (50%)

17 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/NANO11040967
09 Apr 2021-Nanomaterials
Abstract: Recent advances in nanomaterial design and synthesis has resulted in robust sensing systems that display superior analytical performance. The use of nanomaterials within sensors has accelerated new routes and opportunities for the detection of analytes or target molecules. Among others, carbon-based sensors have reported biocompatibility, better sensitivity, better selectivity and lower limits of detection to reveal a wide range of organic and inorganic molecules. Carbon nanomaterials are among the most extensively studied materials because of their unique properties spanning from the high specific surface area, high carrier mobility, high electrical conductivity, flexibility, and optical transparency fostering their use in sensing applications. In this paper, a comprehensive review has been made to cover recent developments in the field of carbon-based nanomaterials for sensing applications. The review describes nanomaterials like fullerenes, carbon onions, carbon quantum dots, nanodiamonds, carbon nanotubes, and graphene. Synthesis of these nanostructures has been discussed along with their functionalization methods. The recent application of all these nanomaterials in sensing applications has been highlighted for the principal applicative field and the future prospects and possibilities have been outlined.

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Topics: Carbon nanotube (52%), Nanomaterials (52%)

13 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CIS.2020.102285
Abstract: The current status of knowledge regarding magnetic hybrid structures based on graphene or carbon nanotubes with various forms of iron oxides is reviewed. The paper starts with a summary of the preparation and properties of iron oxide nanoparticles, both untreated and coated with silica or polymer layers. In the next section, organic-inorganic hybrid materials obtained as a result of a combination of graphene or carbon nanotubes and iron chemical compounds are characterized and discussed. These hybrids constitute an increasing percentage of all consumable high performance biomedical, electronic, and energy materials due to their valuable properties and low production costs. The potential of their application as components of materials used in corrosion protection, catalysis, spintronics, biomedicine, photoelectrochemical water splitting and groundwater remediation, as well as magnetic nanoparticles in polymer matrices, are also presented. The last part of this review article is focused on reporting the most recent developments in design and the understanding of the properties of polymer composites reinforced with nanometer-sized iron oxide/graphene and iron oxide/carbon nanotubes hybrid fillers. The discussion presents comparative analysis of the magnetic, electromagnetic shielding, electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties of polymer composites with various iron oxide/graphene structures. It is shown that the introduction of hybrid filler nanoparticles into polymer matrices enhances both the macro- and microproperties of final composites as a result of synergistic effects of individual components and the simultaneous formation of an oriented filler network in the polymer. The reinforcing effect is related to the structure and geometry of hybrid nanoparticles applied as a filler, the interactions between the filler particles, their concentration in a composite, and the method of composite processing.

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Topics: Carbon nanotube (59%), Graphene (57%), Iron oxide (57%) ... show more

8 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/D1NA00050K
18 May 2021-
Abstract: High-performance epoxy composites find application in the aerospace industry. Although epoxy is a high-performance polymer, its fracture toughness is compromised due to its highly cross-linked nature. Nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene derivatives, and inorganic 2-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials are being explored to improve epoxy composites' mechanical properties. Graphene is one of the most popular 2D nano-reinforcing agents for epoxy composites. Following graphene discovery, the research community's attention was brought to various other few-atom thick 2D nanomaterials. Hence, apart from graphene, inorganic nanosheets such as transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), etc., are also being studied as modifiers for enhancing the mechanical performance of epoxy composites. Graphene, TMDs and hBN are known to possess a high aspect ratio, high specific surface area and inherently high mechanical strength and stiffness, contributing to a stronger and tougher composite. Despite that, the challenges associated with these nanomaterials, such as dispersion issues, lack of standardization, underlying health hazards, etc., have hampered their commercialization. It has been long past a decade since the discovery of graphene, yet there are concerns regarding the lab to industry scale-up, and health and environmental hazards associated with nanomaterials for the fabrication of aerospace composites. This review offers a comprehensive literature survey and a perspective into the possible ways of bridging the gaps between the laboratory research and industrialization of 2D nanosheet-filled epoxy composites.

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Topics: Epoxy (52%), Literature survey (51%)

2 Citations


References
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185 results found



Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/NL0731872
20 Feb 2008-Nano Letters
Abstract: We report the measurement of the thermal conductivity of a suspended single-layer graphene. The room temperature values of the thermal conductivity in the range ∼(4.84 ± 0.44) × 103 to (5.30 ± 0.48) × 103 W/mK were extracted for a single-layer graphene from the dependence of the Raman G peak frequency on the excitation laser power and independently measured G peak temperature coefficient. The extremely high value of the thermal conductivity suggests that graphene can outperform carbon nanotubes in heat conduction. The superb thermal conduction property of graphene is beneficial for the proposed electronic applications and establishes graphene as an excellent material for thermal management.

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Topics: Graphene nanoribbons (66%), Thermal conduction (63%), Graphene (62%) ... show more

10,520 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/B917103G
Abstract: The chemistry of graphene oxide is discussed in this critical review Particular emphasis is directed toward the synthesis of graphene oxide, as well as its structure Graphene oxide as a substrate for a variety of chemical transformations, including its reduction to graphene-like materials, is also discussed This review will be of value to synthetic chemists interested in this emerging field of materials science, as well as those investigating applications of graphene who would find a more thorough treatment of the chemistry of graphene oxide useful in understanding the scope and limitations of current approaches which utilize this material (91 references)

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9,151 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/NN1006368
22 Jul 2010-ACS Nano
Abstract: An improved method for the preparation of graphene oxide (GO) is described. Currently, Hummers’ method (KMnO4, NaNO3, H2SO4) is the most common method used for preparing graphene oxide. We have found that excluding the NaNO3, increasing the amount of KMnO4, and performing the reaction in a 9:1 mixture of H2SO4/H3PO4 improves the efficiency of the oxidation process. This improved method provides a greater amount of hydrophilic oxidized graphene material as compared to Hummers’ method or Hummers’ method with additional KMnO4. Moreover, even though the GO produced by our method is more oxidized than that prepared by Hummers’ method, when both are reduced in the same chamber with hydrazine, chemically converted graphene (CCG) produced from this new method is equivalent in its electrical conductivity. In contrast to Hummers’ method, the new method does not generate toxic gas and the temperature is easily controlled. This improved synthesis of GO may be important for large-scale production of GO as well as the ...

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Topics: Graphene oxide paper (60%), Graphene (52%)

8,351 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2009.58
Sungjin Park1, Rodney S. Ruoff1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Interest in graphene centres on its excellent mechanical, electrical, thermal and optical properties, its very high specific surface area, and our ability to influence these properties through chemical functionalization. There are a number of methods for generating graphene and chemically modified graphene from graphite and derivatives of graphite, each with different advantages and disadvantages. Here we review the use of colloidal suspensions to produce new materials composed of graphene and chemically modified graphene. This approach is both versatile and scalable, and is adaptable to a wide variety of applications.

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5,830 Citations


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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20221
20216
20202
20161
20151