Effect of Intake Geometry on Longitudinal Aerodynamics of Airbreathing Vehicles
TL;DR: In this article, a windtunnel test program was conducted to generate a systematic aerodynamic database for airbreathing vehicles, and a prediction method was developed to estimate the normal force and pitching moment of similar body-intake configurations based on this trend.
Abstract: A wind-tunnel test program was conducted to generate a systematic aerodynamic database for airbreathing vehicles. Generic models consisting of tangent ogival nose, cylindrical body with cruciform intakes or twin intakes were tested at freestream Mach numbers ranging from 0.5 to 3.0. The length and span of intakes were varied. The intakes were two-dimensional with blocked entry. Normal force and pitching moment were nondimensionalized using planform area and distance of centroid (from nose tip) of the planform of the model rather than body cross-sectional area and body diameter, which are traditionally used. When normal-force and pitching-moment coefficients nondimensionalized this way are plotted against angle of incidence, the coefficients of different configurations coalesce for zero roll. In addition, data for different roll angles are found to coalesce when an empirical function of roll angle is introduced in the nondimensionalizing. A prediction method was developed to estimate the normal force and pitching moment of similar body-intake configurations based on this trend. Nomenclature A = cross-sectional area A B = body cross-sectional area of the configuration, = πr 2 A P = planform area of configuration APB = planform area of body API = planform area of intakes alone, A P − APB A R = reference area (equal to A P unless otherwise specified) Cdn = crossflow drag coefficient of circular cylindrical section Cm = pitching-moment coefficient about nose, M p/ qA R X CmNL = nonlinear component of pitching-moment coefficient about nose C N = normal-force coefficient, = N/ qA R C N NL = nonlinear component of normal-force coefficient cn = local normal-force coefficient per unit length d = body diameter H = height of air intake l = length of model li = length of air intake M = freestream Mach number M p = pitching moment about nose N = normal force q = freestream dynamic pressure r = body radius s = total span of body-intake configuration W = width of air intake
Related Papers (5)