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Journal ArticleDOI

Effects of the digitization to the printed collection policies: The digital knowledge economy and the Finnish academic libraries

09 Mar 2017-Library Management (Emerald Publishing Limited)-Vol. 38, pp 167-174
TL;DR: The use of data compiled from different sources, such as statistics and assessing user experience, is used as a tool for analysing the effectiveness of the library’s economic resources and how this has effected on the use of the libraries.
Abstract: Purpose The recent changes in the knowledge economy and scientific knowledge dissemination have put academic libraries in a new situation. The demand for open access of scientific publications and the increasing amount of documents published need a new paradigm in the collection policies and collection building strategies of the academic libraries. At the same time the resources allocated to the academic institutions have been decreasing which has caused the need to reallocate the resources in the collection building and management as effectively as possible. The purpose of this paper is to analyse how the use of data compiled from different sources, such as statistics and assessing user experience, as a tool for analysing the effectiveness of the library’s economic resources and how this has effected on the use of the libraries. Design/methodology/approach Statistical and trend analysis based on Finnish academic library collections database. Findings The Finnish academic libraries have made a rapid transition to the digital dissemination of documents. At the same time the national services have enabled the long-time preservation of less used printed materials and have enabled the libraries to save premise costs. Research limitations/implications Modeling the findings to other countries maybe difficult because of the specific characteristics of the Finnish academic environment. Practical implications Gives examples on managing the shift from a printed to a digital library. Originality/value Evidence based tools for collection cost management.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the impact of the corona situation on the academic library services, policies and activities is analyzed, and a need for global policymaking for both the open academic resources dissemination and crisis management is discussed.
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of the corona situation on the academic library services, policies and activities.,The methodology of the paper is opinion piece based on experiences.,There is a need for global policymaking for both the open academic resources dissemination and crisis management.,The originality of the paper is based on recent experiences.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , a linear regression model was designed to examine the implications of public libraries' service offering on the number of people who visited them in 2019, and the units of analysis were grouped in three clusters based on their organizational size.
Abstract: PurposePublicly owned libraries deliver a fundamental public service, fostering the citizens' access to knowledge. However, little is known about the factors underpinning the public libraries' organizational attractiveness. The article aims to shed light on this issue, investigating how the public libraries' service offering contributes to increasing their attractiveness.Design/methodology/approachSecondary data were collected from the national census study of libraries carried out in 2019 by the Italian Institute of Statistics (ISTAT). More than 4,500 publicly owned libraries established in Italy were involved in the analysis. A linear regression model was designed to examine the implications of public libraries' service offering on the number of people who visited them in 2019. The units of analysis were grouped in three clusters based on their organizational size.FindingsSmall-sized libraries' attractiveness relied on loan services (LS) and catalogs' integration, as well as on the availability of spaces for promoting social exchanges (SE) and interactions. The same was true for medium-sized libraries, whose attractiveness was also fostered by digitization. Large-sized libraries' ability to attract users was primarily affected by LS and by the provision of people-centered cultural services (CS).Practical implicationsPublicly owned libraries should arrange tailored strategies to increase their attractiveness. Small-sized and medium-sized libraries should exploit community-oriented initiatives to establish a co-creating dialog with users. Conversely, large-sized entities should advance the users' access to conventional services and implement people-centered cultural activities, recontextualizing their exchange with users in the digital domain to enhance service quality.Originality/valueThe article originally investigates the factors affecting the attractiveness of publicly owned libraries, providing intriguing insights to managers and practitioners.

1 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors define the knowledge economy as production and services based on knowledge intensive activities that contribute to an accelerated pace of technical and scientific advance, as well as rapid obsolescence, and assess the distributional consequences of a knowledge-based economy with respect to growing inequality in wages and high-quality jobs.
Abstract: We define the knowledge economy as production and services based on knowledge-intensive activities that contribute to an accelerated pace of technical and scientific advance, as well as rapid obsolescence. The key component of a knowledge economy is a greater reliance on intellectual capabilities than on physical inputs or natural resources. We provide evidence drawn from patent data to document an upsurge in knowledge production and show that this expansion is driven by the emergence of new industries. We then review the contentious literature that assesses whether recent technological advances have raised productivity. We examine the debate over whether new forms of work that embody technological change have generated more worker autonomy or greater managerial control. Finally, we assess the distributional consequences of a knowledge-based economy with respect to growing inequality in wages and high-quality jobs.

1,603 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The digital-era governance (DEG) movement as mentioned in this paper aims to reintegrate functions into the governmental sphere, adopting holistic and needs-oriented structures, and progressing digitalization of administrative processes.
Abstract: The "new public management" (NPM) wave in public sector organizational change was founded on themes of disaggregation, competition, and incentivization. Although its effects are still working through in countries new to NPM, this wave has now largely stalled or been reversed in some key "leading-edge" countries. This ebbing chiefly reflects the cumulation of adverse indirect effects on citizens' capacities for solving social problems because NPM has radically increased institutional and policy complexity. The character of the post-NPM regime is currently being formed. We set out the case that a range of connected and information technology-centered changes will be critical for the current and next wave of change, and we focus on themes of reintegration, needs-based holism, and digitization changes. The overall movement incorporating these new shifts is toward "digital-era governance" (DEG), which involves reintegrating functions into the governmental sphere, adopting holistic and needs-oriented structures, and progressing digitalization of administrative processes. DEG offers a perhaps unique opportunity to create self-sustaining change, in a broad range of closely connected technological, organizational, cultural, and social effects. But there are alternative scenarios as to how far DEG will be recognized as a coherent phenomenon and implemented successfully.

1,586 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors report the results of two studies: librarians' RDS practices in U.S. and Canadian academic research libraries, and the RDS-related library policies in those or similar libraries.

206 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper is a guide to library planning base on the experience of the authors at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Libraries and consists of four components – collaborative space, sanctuary space, interaction space and community space.
Abstract: Purpose – The focus on designing spaces for users in the last decade or so signifies the gradual change in the mission of libraries from provision of resources to that of a pro-active partner in learning. Planning for user space in support of learning is far more complex as it needs to take into account the variety of users’ needs and behaviour. Before specifying the actual layout and design of users’ spaces it is important to consider all the major factors that affect the use of the intended library space. The purpose of this paper is to provide a guide to library planning base on the experience of the authors at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Libraries. Design/methodology/approach – The framework for planning library spaces developed at NTU Libraries consists of four components – collaborative space, sanctuary space, interaction space and community space. Discussion on the rationale of these spaces and suggestions for their implementation will assist others in asking appropriate questions on the...

47 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Finnish libraries have started to implement a new strategy consisting of different elements including a new model of library automation systems, the National Repository which is the hub for the resource sharing of print materials, digitization projects (to be especially implemented by the National Library) and with new policies defining the roles and responsibilities.
Abstract: Purpose – Finland had a legislation-based centralized collection policy until the mid-1990s. The main components were national resource centers (selected higher education libraries) and provincial libraries (selected public libraries). This paradigm changed during the recession of the 1990s when new public management ideologies were adopted by the government. This ended the centralized model and a new policy favoring a decentralized collection management which demanded resource sharing. The models designated for the print-only age became obsolete also when the digital dissemination of especially scientific documents began to be the norm. The Finnish libraries have started to implement a new strategy consisting of different elements including a new model of library automation systems, the National Repository which is the hub for the resource sharing of print materials, digitization projects (to be especially implemented by the National Library) and with new policies defining the roles and responsibilities ...

6 citations