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Journal ArticleDOI

El modelo de la complejidad frente a los modelos psicológicos tradicionales de la ansiedad ante la muerte

15 Jun 2010-Vol. 51, Iss: 3, pp 290-300

AbstractAnxiety towards death has been a subject of investigation since different psychological perspectives. It takes part in tanatology courses directed for health careers students and for health professional attending terminal patients. Anxiety towards death is a complex phenomenon which involves the individual coping skills but also the confrontation of the

Topics: Anxiety (54%)

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Journal ArticleDOI
15 Jan 2000-BMJ
TL;DR: In the trinity of births, marriages, and deaths, only death does not have glossy magazines devoted to stylish consumption at the attendant ceremonies.
Abstract: Death is the new sex, last great taboo in Western society and Western medicine, as Richard Smith discusses in his editorial (p 129). In the trinity of births, marriages, and deaths, only death does not have glossy magazines devoted to stylish consumption at the attendant ceremonies. On the web, of course, …

1,672 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
10 Jul 1987-JAMA
TL;DR: In Vital Involvement in Old Age, the three investigators present the results of their interviews with 29 men and women, aged 75 to 95 years, first encountered as parents of children studied developmentally since the 1930s.
Abstract: Most longitudinal studies of adult development end in middle or late middle age. The logistical difficulties of following up people for prolonged periods may only partially explain this gap in our knowledge. Another explanation is that most developmental researchers have not yet themselves reached old age. Their personal inexperience with this stage of life is a significant handicap in their ability to understand the questions it raises.Erik Erikson, the 95-year-old grandfather of the empirical study of normal development, is in a unique position to fill this gap in psychological research. Along with his wife and a younger colleague, he had followed up a group first encountered as parents of children studied developmentally since the 1930s. In Vital Involvement in Old Age, the three investigators present the results of their interviews with these 29 men and women, aged 75 to 95 years. Unlike the subjects of cross-sectional studies of the

301 citations


Journal Article
Abstract: A factor analysis of a representative population of fifteen death scales completed by 350 college students uncovered five orthogonal death-attitude factors. These factors were named Negative Evaluation of Death, Reluctance to Interact with the Dying, Negative Reaction to Pain, Reaction to Reminders of Death, and Preoccupation with Thoughts of Dying. These results support thanatological theory that death attitudes are multidimensional, that is, multiple death attitudes do co-exist and co-vary within individuals. The major implication of these findings concerns the need to differentiate and measure these separate death attitudes effectively.

72 citations


01 Jan 2016
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to compare the psychological meaning of dying and committing suicide in Mexican university students. It was used an accidental non-random sample of 56 students of both sexes from a public university in the State of Mexico (Mexico). To get the psychological meaning of both words, there are used the natural semantic networks and quantitative techniques for handling the data. The results showed the unique meanings of each term, as well as the shared ones.

Cites background from "El modelo de la complejidad frente ..."

  • ...La segunda es la perspectiva teórica de la complejidad, la cual plantea la posibilidad amplia de hallar plenitud frente a la muerte y al mismo tiempo miedo, sin fronteras entre un sentimiento y el otro (Álvarez, 2010)....

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References
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Book
01 Jan 1955
Abstract: First published in 1992. Unavailable for many years this is a reissue of George Kelly's classic work. It is the bible of personal construct psychology written by its founder. The first volume presents the theory of personal construct psychology and the second volume shows the implications for clinical practice.

9,000 citations


"El modelo de la complejidad frente ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Las teorías psicológicas sobre la ansiedad ante la muerte se han construido en torno a variadas unidades de análisis: “el sí mismo”, “la individuación”[3], las actitudes, la emoción (ansiedad ante la muerte), los modelos para afrontar el “ser o no ser”[4] o la plenitud vital[5], entre otras....

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Book
01 Jan 1962
Abstract: A LARGER JURISDICTION FOR PSYCHOLOGY. Introduction: Toward a Psychology of Health. What Psychology Can Learn from the Existentialists. GROWTH AND MOTIVATION. Deficiency Motivation and Growth Motivation. Defense and Growth. The Need to Know and the Fear of Knowing. GROWTH AND COGNITION. Cognition of Being in the Peak-Experiences. Peak-Experiences as Acute Identity-Experiences. Some Dangers of Being-Cognition. Resistance to Being Rubricized. CREATIVENESS. Creativity in Self-Actualizing People. VALUES. Psychological Data and Human Values. Values, Growth, and Health. Health as Transcendence of Environment. FUTURE TASKS. Some Basic Propositions of a Growth and Self-Actualization Psychology. Appendices. Bibliography. Additional Bibliography. Index.

6,284 citations


"El modelo de la complejidad frente ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Las teorías psicológicas sobre la ansiedad ante la muerte se han construido en torno a variadas unidades de análisis: “el sí mismo”, “la individuación”[3], las actitudes, la emoción (ansiedad ante la muerte), los modelos para afrontar el “ser o no ser”[4] o la plenitud vital[5], entre otras....

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Book
01 Jan 1969
Abstract: Although most areas of human experience are nowadays discussed freely and openly, the subject of death is still surrounded by conventional attitudes and reticence that offer only fragile comfort because they evade the real issues. The dying may thus be denied the opportunity of sharing their feelings and discussing their needs with family, friends, or hospital staff. Although receiving devoted medical care, a dying patient is often socially isolated and avoided, since professional staff and students can find contact painful and embarrasing. Aware of the strains imposed on all sides by this situation, Dr Kubler-Ross established a seminar at the University of Chicago to consider the implications of terminal illness for patients and for those involved in their care. Patients invited to talk about their experience often found great relief in expressing their fear and anger and were able to move towards a state of acceptance and peace. The seminar, initially composed of students of medicine, sociology, psychology, and theology, but later joined by hospital staff and relatives of patients, enabled many members to come to terms with their own feelings and to respond constructi to what the patients had to teach them.

5,210 citations


Book
31 Dec 1973
Abstract: Winner of the Pulitzer prize in 1974 and the culmination of a life's work,The Denial of Death is Ernest Becker's brilliant and impassioned answer to the "why" of human existence. In bold contrast to the predominant Freudian school of thought, Becker tackles the problem of the vital lie -- man's refusal to acknowledge his own mortality. In doing so, he sheds new light on the nature of humanity and issues a call to life and its living that still resonates more than twenty years after its writing.

2,770 citations


Book
01 Jan 1982
Abstract: Originally published as a review of Erik Erikson's complete psychological theory, this book provides a context for Erikson's ideas - the identity crisis, the interdependence of history and life history, the life cycle, and the theory that maturity is not the end of psychological growth This text covers the ninth stage - that of extreme old age As human longevity increases, that stage is becoming of increasing importance Joan Erikson, Erikson's wife, now in her 90s, guides the reader through the challenges of old age, extending Erik Erikson's vision of human development in its major phases

1,997 citations


"El modelo de la complejidad frente ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Desde una perspectiva existencialista (individual), se plantea el grado de plenitud vital[6] como indicador de alta o baja ansiedad ante la muerte....

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