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DOI

Elektromyostimülasyon Antrenmanlarının Nöral Adaptasyon ve Sportif Performans Üzerine Etkileri

01 Jun 2014-Vol. 25, Iss: 3, pp 142-158

TL;DR: Yapilan calismalar EMS antrenmanlarinin kas hipertrofisi icin gereken kas kuvvetini daha kisa zamanda arttirdigini ve istatistiksel olarak anlamli bir hiper Trofisi olmaksizin artan kUVvetin noral gelisimin en onemli kaniti oldugunu gostermektedir.

AbstractBaslangicta rehabilitasyon ve tedavi amacli olarak uygulanan elektromyostimulasyon (EMS) daha sonra populer bir antrenman yontemi olarak antrenorlerin, sporcularin ve spor bilimcilerin ilgisini cekmistir. EMS, kas dokusu ya da motor noktalar uzerine uygulanan elektriksel akimlar olarak tanimlanabilir. Elektriksel uyarili ve istemli kasilmalar sirasinda kaslar farkli sekilde aktive olmaktadir. Yapilan calismalar EMS antrenmanlarinin kas hipertrofisi icin gereken kas kuvvetini daha kisa zamanda arttirdigini ve istatistiksel olarak anlamli bir hipertrofi olmaksizin artan kuvvetin noral gelisimin en onemli kaniti oldugunu gostermektedir. EMS antrenmanlarinin maksimal istemli kuvvette artis saglamasi spinal ve supraspinal merkezlerden aktif kaslara olan noral suruste, spinal uyarilabilirlikte, aktive olan motor unite miktarinda ve senkronizasyonunda artis olasiligini da akla getirmektedir. Bunun yaninda unilateral uygulanan EMS antrenmanlarinin kontralateral homolog kasta da kuvvet artislari saglamasi EMS antrenmanlarinin supraspinal merkezleri ve farkli kortikal bolgeleri etkiledigini gostermektedir. Bu kapsam dahilinde yapilan calismalarin isiginda derlemenin amaci EMS antrenmanlarina dayali noral adaptasyonlar ve EMS antrenmanlarinin sedanter ve sporcularin sportif performanlarinda meydana getirdigi etkileri incelemektir.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Investigation of the effect of six weeks electrostimulation training on physical changes in the sedentary men and women found that full-body EMS training with dynamic exercise movements is a promising combination for power and speed training.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigation of the effect of six weeks electrostimulation training on physical changes in the sedentary men and women. Electro muscle stimulation (EMS), which is applied since the discovery of contraction under the influence of electrical currents, on the purpose of rehabilitation and treatment purposes, has attracted the attention of coaches, athletes and sports scientists as a popular training method over time. In the present research, 6 weeks, 3 days a week and for 25 minutes in a day of EMS machine training program was applied to the sedentary women n=12 and sedentary men n=12 . In order to determine effect of EMS machine training on the physical changes which are body mass, % body fat, fat mass, body mass index, total body water, fat free mass, muscle mass, Tanita (SC-300) Body Composition Analyzer was used as a pre-test and post-test. The results of the Tanita body measurements were analyzed by using SPSS computer program, the standard deviations were calculated, and pre- and post-training statistical paired samples T Test analysis were made. According to SPSS analysis results, there are statistically significant increases in the % body fat, fat mass, soft muscle tissues, extracellular and intracellular liquid weights and cell mass weights (p 0.05). Only EMS training has increased the maximum power associated with sports, due to the increase in the speed of movement. In addition, the stronger long-term effects of EMS training provide new opportunities, as determined by the duration of the training. The right application of full-body EMS training with dynamic exercise movements is a promising combination for power and speed training.

2 citations


01 Jan 2015
Abstract: Electromyostimulation (EMS), the electrical current applied externally muscle or nerve area to get muscle activation for the synchronous recruitment of fast motor units hard to be activated in voluntary contraction, is an unconventional and innovative training method used for the purpose of obtaining functional increases in athletic performance. The aim of this review was to reveal the important parameters of the EMS applications and the differences caused by their arrangements, to better understanding of EMS training, to plan of optimal EMS training application, to contribute to more effective use in sports by providing important information to researchers and coaches who want to use this method. Thus, this review focused on electrical current, amplitude, frequency, work time and the surface electrodes used in EMS training.

1 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
31 Mar 2019
Abstract: Sportif performans artisi saglamanin yaninda rehabilitasyon amacli yaygin olarak kullanilan elektriksel kas uyarim yontemi ya da diger adiyla elektromyostimulasyon (EMS) deri uzerinden kas ya da sinir bolgelerine elektrotlar araciligiyla uygulanan elektriksel akimlarla kas kontraksiyonu elde etme ve bu yolla hizli motor unitelerin yavas motor unitelerle beraber senkronize katilimiyla antrene edilerek, fiziksel performansta fonksiyonel artislar elde etme amacli kullanilan konvansiyonel olmayan bir egzersiz metodudur. Bu sekilde EMS’nin hem sinir dallari hem de kas liflerinde iyon hareketini tetikleyerek aksiyon potansiyeli olusturmasi, motor ve duyusal noral girdilerle spinal ve supraspinal merkezleri aktive etmesi ve ayrica antrenman sureci sonrasi hipertrofisiz kuvvet kazanimlari ile unilateral EMS sonucu kontrolateral kasta da kuvvet kazanimlarinin ortaya cikmasi EMS’nin noromuskuler sisteme biyokimyasal, fizyolojik ve noral etkileri oldugu dusuncesini desteklemektedir. Bu nedenle EMS’nin insan vucuduna etkileri altinda yatan biyokimyasal, fizyolojik ve noral mekanizmalarini incelemeye odaklanmis olan bu derlemede ilk olarak EMS’nin tarihsel gelisimine deginilmis sonraki kisimda ise EMS’nin biyokimyasal, fizyolojik ve noral mekanizmalari incelenmistir. Bu calismanin amaci EMS’nin insan vucuduna etkileri altinda yatan mekanizmalarin ortaya konarak bu yolla sportif performans ve rehabilitasyon amacli kullanimini daha net ve daha bilimsel temellere dayanarak daha EMS uygulamalarinin etkin kullanimina katkida bulunmaktadir.