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Employment, education and housing among the ethnic minority populations of Britain

01 Jan 1997-
TL;DR: The authors used the 1991 census to study ethnicity higher education qualifications ethnic differences in the educational participation of 16-19 year-olds, self-employment and unemployment patterns of ethnic minority employment int he context of industrial and occupational growth and decline education and occupational attainments.
Abstract: Introduction - using the 1991 census to study ethnicity higher education qualifications ethnic differences in the educational participation of 16-19 year-olds labour force participation rates, self-employment and unemployment patterns of ethnic minority employment int he context of industrial and occupational growth and decline education and occupational attainments - the impact of ethnic origins monitoring equal employment opportunity "race", ethnicity and housing differentials in Britain regional and local differences in the housing tenure of ethnic minorities the housing position of ethnic minority group home owners finding a place - the impact of locality on the housing experience of tenants from minority ethnic groups adding an ethnic dimension to local housing need assessments - the use of the 1991 census of population ethnic differences in attainment in education, occupation and lifestyle "ethnic penalties" and racial discrimination in education, employment and housing - conclusions and policy implications.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines the post-war migration and settlement in Britain of black minority ethnic groups originating from countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the West Indies, and the processe...
Abstract: This paper examines the post-war migration and settlement in Britain of black minority ethnic groups originating from countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the West Indies. The processe...

192 citations


Cites background from "Employment, education and housing a..."

  • ...Research by Howes and Mullins (1997) has also pointed to constraints upon the mobility of council tenants within Greater London....

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Book
30 Apr 2007
TL;DR: The facts of poverty: Ethnicity and poverty: the evidence Income from employment Benefits Assets and savings Part III: Explaining ethnic differences in poverty: income from employment Demography and family structure Use of social security benefits Part IV: Implications: Implication for policy Implications for research as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Summary Part I: Concepts and definitions: Ethnicity and ethnic groups Poverty and deprivation Part II: The facts of poverty: Ethnicity and poverty: the evidence Income from employment Benefits Assets and savings Part III: Explaining ethnic differences in poverty: Income from employment Demography and Family Structure Use of social security benefits Part IV: Implications: Implications for policy Implications for research.

140 citations

Book
14 Nov 2005
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present patterns of social mobility 1971/81-2001 Explaining class outcomes and their effect on social mobility. But they do not discuss the role of race.
Abstract: Introduction Patterns of social mobility 1971/81-2001 Explaining class outcomes Conclusion.

110 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined ethnic minority businesses in Britain in relation to the concept of mixed embeddedness and concluded that an unintended outcome was the entry of large-scale chains into the formerly protected niches of South Asian-owned businesses.
Abstract: Ethnic minority businesses in Britain are examined in relation to the concept of mixed embeddedness. Earlier intellectual approaches emphasising cultural factors, urban and economic contexts, and public policy are identified. Ethnic minority businesses are shown to be typically small, to compete in saturated spatial markets and to be concentrated in economically vulnerable sectors. Moreover their fragile position has been further destabilised by the effects of government policy. Special attention is given to the repeal of the Shops Act, which limited the opening hours of shops. We conclude that an unintended outcome was the entry of large-scale chains into the formerly protected niches of South Asian-owned businesses. This represents a catastrophic occurrence for some ethnic minority firms. Meanwhile, public policy related to enterprise support and the regeneration of the urban fabric has been largely ineffective in the arena of ethnic minority business. The whole picture is complicated by generational di...

110 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...…20.0 Pakistani 476.6 0.9 21.6 8.3 23.9 Bangladeshi 162.8 0.4 22.9 7.7 18.6 Chinese and others 644.7 1.2 11.9 6.9 16.2 Chinese 156.9 0.3 7.6 4.7 27.2 Other-Asians 197.5 0.4 11.1 6.9 9.8 Other-Other 290.2 0.5 15.5 8.7 13.8 Entire population 54,888.8 100.0 9.8 4.7 12.9 Source: Owen (1997): 30, 33, 53....

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  • ...Ethnic groups in Great Britain 1991 % unemployed Self-employed Population % of total as % of (000s) population Men Women all in work White 51,873.8 94.5 9.4 4.5 12.8 Ethnic minority groups 3,015.1 5.5 16.2 8.8 15.1 Black 890.7 1.6 20.7 11.6 6.7 Black-Caribbean 500.0 0.9 20.7 10.1 6.0 Black-African 212.4 0.4 20.4 15.2 8.1 Black-Other 178.4 0.3 21.4 12.0 8.2 South Asian 1,479.6 2.7 15.3 7.8 20.8 Indian 840.3 1.5 11.0 7.6 20.0 Pakistani 476.6 0.9 21.6 8.3 23.9 Bangladeshi 162.8 0.4 22.9 7.7 18.6 Chinese and others 644.7 1.2 11.9 6.9 16.2 Chinese 156.9 0.3 7.6 4.7 27.2 Other-Asians 197.5 0.4 11.1 6.9 9.8 Other-Other 290.2 0.5 15.5 8.7 13.8 Entire population 54,888.8 100.0 9.8 4.7 12.9 Source: Owen (1997): 30, 33, 53....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article examined the intergenerational social mobility of different ethnic groups in Britain between 1971 and 1991, and found that the inter-generational mobility was positively associated with the ethnic diversity of different groups.
Abstract: This study examines the intergenerational social mobility of different ethnic groups in Britain between 1971 and 1991.The small body of previous research on intergenerational mobility and ethnicity...

95 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...In the first approach, the overall mobility of different ethnic groups can be adduced by comparing the social class profiles of the different groups at different time points using comparable cross-sectional data (Brown, 1984; Heath and McMahon, 1997; Modood, 1997a; Robinson, 1990)....

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