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Equity theory predictions of the effects of participation in justice or Police studies on the promotional expectations of members of the Western Australian Police Force

01 Jan 1995-
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated possible links between the factors of higher education and merit-based promotion and found that student officers placed a higher value on education for basic police work and managerial ranks.
Abstract: Before 1988 police in this State were promoted solely on seniority. No university ..::curses for officers existed locally and education played little part in promotion. Promotion is now on the basis of merit and Edith Cowan University conducts courses in Police and Justice Studies. This study investigates possible links between the factors of higher education and merit based promotion. Predictions of student officers' of the benefits of higher education, organisational commitment and various aspecta of non-promotion were exa:a1.ined by use of a questionnaire. The results showed that student officers placed a higher value on education for basic police work and managerial ranks. They 3lso considered that they should receive preference for promC'tion over officers without degrees. There was no differences in current levels of organisational commitment but student officers appeared more likely to experience greater reductions in work effort and desire to remain with the Force if not promoted. They were also found to place greater value on positions using their qualifications as compensation for lack of promotion. Problems and suggested solutions arising from these findings are discussed. . ;Jnf.J11A,~ jqqS Signature ... ... Date ................. !.~ . .':":-.:::-:(. ............. ; ...... .

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01 Jul 1973
Abstract: Abstract : A study is reported of the variations in organizational commitment and job satisfaction, as related to subsequent turnover in a sample of recently-employed psychiatric technician trainees. A longitudinal study was made across a 10 1/2 month period, with attitude measures collected at four points in time. For this sample, job satisfaction measures appeared better able to differentiate future stayers from leavers in the earliest phase of the study. With the passage of time, organizational commitment measures proved to be a better predictor of turnover, and job satisfaction failed to predict turnover. The findings are discussed in the light of other related studies, and possible explanations are examined. (Modified author abstract)

497 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors propose to start early in making arrangements and to rely on the accuracy of a clock in any building visited, for it can let you down badly, and they also suggest that planning to deal with them which are the product of much cogitation are much more likely to be effective than those made hurriedly.
Abstract: is: never rely on the accuracy of a clock in any building visited, for it can let you down badly. One other piece of advice is tendered, namely, to start early in making arrangements. True, by doing so one is apt to keep putting off dealing with some matters because there is so very much time available, so that the title \"Operation Procrastination\" becomes merited. On the other hand, an adequate margin of time allows for delays, some unavoidable and some culpable, by others. Moreover, time for reflection enables all foreseeable implications and contingencies to become apparent, and plans to deal with them which are the product of much cogitation are much more likely to be effective than those made hurriedly. And now that the many appreciatory letters to the police have been suitably acknowledged and passed to those who earned them, and the letters of thanks have been despatched to the various persons who helped the police, all that remains is to consign the substantial file that has accumulated to the archives. I wonder who, in perhaps another dozen years or so, will be getting it out to see what sort of a mess those fellows made of things in 1954?

17 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Investigation of the differences in critical thinking ability and decision-making skills among 121 associate degree, diploma, baccalaureate, and master's-prepared nurses indicated that nurses with master's and baccalureate degrees had the highest scores incritical thinking ability.
Abstract: A key component of nursing practice is the nurse's ability to process information and to make decisions. One goal of most educational programs for nurses is to enhance students' cognitive abilities and clinical decision-making skills. This study investigated the differences in critical thinking ability and decision-making skills among 121 associate degree, diploma, baccalaureate, and master's-prepared nurses. Results indicated that nurses with master's and baccalaureate degrees had the highest scores in critical thinking ability. Subjects' decision-making skills were measured related to: 1) frequency in making decisions, 2) difficulty in making decisions, and 3) factors which influence decision making. No significant differences were found among the four groups related to the three dimensions of decision-making skills. Experience and knowledge were the most influential factors in decision making. Study findings have implications for investigating differences among nursing students related to cognitive abilities.

155 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the impact of promotion decisions on equity, commitment, and behavioral outcomes was examined in a field setting, where workers in a service comapny who submitted their candidacy for promotion to either department or division heads were compared with their noncandidate counterparts.
Abstract: The impact of promotion decisions on equity, commitment, and behavioral outcomes was examined in a field setting. Workers in a service comapny who submitted their candidacy for promotion to either department or division heads were compared with their noncandidate counterparts (total N=191). Subjects completed surveys after promotion decisions were made. In addition, measures of the subjects' lateness and absence before and after the promotion were available. Data analyzed by level of position (departement vs. division) and promotion decision (promoted, not promoted, and control) indicated that promotions resulting from self-initiated condidacies might actually produce undiserable outcomes. Failure to get a promotion as associated with feelings of inequity, a decrease in commitment, and an increase in absenteeism, positive promotion decisions increased commitment. Theoretical and organizational implications are discussed

140 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors compared a perceptually based operationalization of career plateau with the traditional measure based on job tenure and found that the negative effects of a career plateau were most pronounced when the plateau was perceived during the early years of an individual's job tenure.

139 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a sample of 520 full-time hospital staff nurses responded to a survey directed toward identifying and partially validating the dimensions of commitment relevant to the nursing profession, using items from established commitment instruments, career commitment and three components of organizational commitment.

137 citations

Book
01 Jan 1973

107 citations


"Equity theory predictions of the ef..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Research by Carter and Sapp (1989) suggests that misconduct or negligence is lower amongst the more highly educated officers and Cohen and Chaiken (1973) reported that such personnel received fewer complaints and disciplinary charges, took fewer sick days and suffered fewer injuries....

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