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Journal ArticleDOI

Essentials of nursing research: Methods and applications

01 Feb 1986-Nurse Education Today (Elsevier)-Vol. 6, Iss: 1, pp 46
About: This article is published in Nurse Education Today.The article was published on 1986-02-01. It has received 47 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Nursing research.
Citations
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01 Jan 1993
TL;DR: A prospective study of unplanned extubations in neonatal and pediatric intensive care patients and factors related to spontaneous endotracheal extubation in the neonate are presented.
Abstract: p. 23A) Ellstrom, K., Brenner, M., & Williams, J. (1991, May). Incidence and Factors Related to Unplanned Extubations in the MICU. Paper presented at the AACN National Critical Care Nursing Research Conference, Boston, MA. (From Heart and Lung, 1991, 20(4), Abstract p. 23A) Hummel, P.A. & Kleiber, C. (1989). Spontaneous endotracheal tube extubation in infants and children. Focus on Critical Care. 16(4), 311-318. Kleiber, C. & Hummel, P.A. (1989). Factors related to spontaneous endotracheal extubation in the neonate. Pediatric Nursing. 15, 347-351. Lancaster, D.R. & Whall, A.L. (1989). The Neuman systems model. In J.J. Fitzpatrick & A.L Whall (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing (2nd ed.Kpp. 255-270). Norwalk CT: Appleton & Lange. Little, L.A., Koenig, J.C., & Newth, C.J.L. (1990). Factors affecting accidental extubation in neonatal and pediatric intensive care patients. Critical Care Medicine, 18,163-165. Liu, W.F., Sultan, S., & Caangay, D. (1989). Prevention of accidental extubations in newborns. American Journal of Diseases of Children. 143, 880-881. Mirenda, R.M. (1986). The Neuman systems model: Description and application, in w. Winstead-Fry (Ed.), Case studies in nursing theory (pp. 166). New York: National League for Nursing. Publication No. 15-2152. Neuman, B. (1980). The Betty Neuman health-care systems model: A total person approach to patient problem. In J.P. Rlehl & C. Roy (Eds.), Conceptual models for nursing practice (2nd ed.)(pp. 119-133). Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Croft. O'Neil, K. (1992, August). A prospective study of unplanned extubations. Poster presented at the 58th Annual Scientific Assembly. (From Chest. 1992,102(4), Abstract, p. 183S). Orlowski, J.P., Ellis, N.G., Amin, N.P., & Crumrine, R.S. (1980). Complications of airway intrusions in 100 consecutive cases in a pediatric ICU. Critical Care Medicine, 8(4), 324-331. Pesirl, A.J., Stewart, K., Kobe, E., & Stewart, W. (1990). Protocol for prevention of unintentional extubation. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 12(4), 87-90. Polit, D.F. & Hungier, B.P. (1985). Essentials of nursing research: Methods and applications. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company. Rashkin, M.C. & Davis, R. (1986). Acute complications of endotracheal intubation: Relationship to reintubation, route, urgency, and duration. Chest. 89(2), 165-167. Rehm, C.G. & Ross, S.E. (1991). Prevention of spontaneous non-manual endotracheal extubations. Respiratory Care. 36, 626. Ripoll, I., Llndholm, C.E., Carroll, R., & Grenvik, A. (1978). Spontaneous dislocation of endotracheal tubes. Anesthesioloov. 49(1), 50-52. Scott, P.H., Eigen, H., Moye, L.A., Georgitis, J., & Laughlin, J.J. (1985). Predictability and consequences of spontaneous extubation in a pediatric ICU. Critical Care Medicine. 13(4), 228-232. Sessler, C.N., Listello, D., & Nguyen, K. (1992, August). Unplanned extubation: Clinical predictors for re-intubation. Poster presented at the 58th Annual Scientific Assembly. (From Chest, 1992,102(4), Abstract, p. 184S). Seudeal, I., Garner, C.V., & Kaye, W. (1992, August). Accidental extubation in the ICU. Poster presented at the 58th Annual Scientific Assembly. (From Chest, 1992,102(4), Abstract, p. 184S). Shapiro, B.A., Kacmarek, R.M., Cane, R.D., Peruzzi, W.T., & Hauptman, D. (1991). Clinical application of respiratory care (4th ed.l. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book. 78 Springhouse Corporation. (1989). Respiratory care handbook. Springhouse, Pennsylvania: author. Stauffer, J.L., Olson, D.E., & Petty, T.L. (1981). Complications and consequences of endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy: A prospective study of 150 critical ill adult patients. The American Journal of Medicine. 70, 65-76. Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary (14th edl (1981). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company. The american heritage dictionary. (1983). New York: Dell Publishing. Todres, I.D., deBros, F., Kramer, S.S., Moylan, F.M., & Shannon, D.C. (1976). Endotracheal tube displacement in the newborn infant. The Journal of Pediatrics, 89(1), 126-127. Whelan, J., Simpson, S.Q., & Levy, H. (1992, August). Unplanned extubation in a medical intensive care unit. Poster presented at the 58th Annual Scientific Assembly. (From Chest, 1992, 102(4). Abstract, p. 183S). Zwillich, C.W., Pierson, D.J., Creagh, C.E., Sutton, F.D., Schatz, E., & Petty, T.L. (1974). Complications of assisted ventilation: A prospective study of 354 consecutive episodes. The American Journal of Medicine, 57(1), 161-170.

5 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2015

5 citations


Cites background from "Essentials of nursing research: Met..."

  • ...Research design refers to the plan, which will be followed by the scientific research aimed at guiding the process of data collection and analysis (Poilt and Hungler, 1985)....

    [...]

01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: This chapter discusses the development of methodology in the laboratory and some of the techniques used, as well as some of their applications, in the context of clinical practice.
Abstract: ............................................................................................................................. V OPSOMMING ......................................................................................................................... VII ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................................................. XVII CHAPTER 1: OVERVIEW OF THE STUDY ......................................................................... 1 1.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Vietnamese immigrants in contrast to Australian-born Caucasians regard the general practitioner as the main health care provider and were less satisfied with English-speaking health services.
Abstract: The limited research into Vietnamese immigrants suggests that this group may have different perceptions relating to parenting roles, child development, child health, illness, and disability, and differing patterns of health service utilisation. The author conducted a pilot study exploring how Vietnamese immigrants differ from Anglo-Australian in relation to these issues. The pilot, utilising a mixed quantitative and qualitative method, was conducted in Brisbane, Australia, with subjects being existing clients of a health centre. Two focus group discussions were conducted and a structured questionnaire developed from the discussions. Vietnamese immigrants in contrast to Australian-born Caucasians regard the general practitioner as the main health care provider and were less satisfied with English-speaking health services. This study highlights potentially important health-related issues for children of Vietnamese immigrants living in Brisbane, the importance of further research in this area, and the methodological challenges faced when conducting research into Vietnamese immigrants.

4 citations


Cites methods from "Essentials of nursing research: Met..."

  • ...It comprised of standard question types including open-ended, dichotomous, forced-choice, rating questions using Likert scales [22] and vignettes [23]....

    [...]

  • ...The questionnaire was developed by the Principal investigator using a well-accepted process described in the literature [22] and was based on issues which were uncovered from the focus group analysis....

    [...]

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A significant negative correlation was found between the percentage of IEP objectives met variable and three collaborative variables--team meetings, reviewing progress, and develop goals and objectives, indicating that as the frequency of these team processes increased, fewer objectives were met.
Abstract: Objective A descriptive, correlational study using a survey instrument and record review was designed to describe collaboration practices between teachers and occupational therapists in public schools and to explore relationships of these practices to individual education plan (IEP) objectives and teachers' perceptions of occupational therapy contributions to student skill development. Method Forty teachers of students who receive occupational therapy comprised the sample. Descriptive statistics and Spearman rank order correlations were used to describe the practices and to determine associations among the variables. Results and conclusions The findings indicated that teachers and occupational therapists were using collaborative team practices, such as jointly developing goals and objectives, collaboration within the classrooms, jointly monitoring interventions, and jointly reviewing student progress. However, scheduling team meetings was difficult. The majority of respondents stated that occupational therapy contributed to student skill development, and as collaboration practices increased, the teachers' perceptions of occupational therapy contribution to student skill development increased. A significant negative correlation was found between the percentage of IEP objectives met variable and three collaborative variables--team meetings, reviewing progress, and develop goals and objectives. This finding indicated that as the frequency of these team processes increased, fewer objectives were met.

104 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results suggest that the Do-Eat is a reliable, valid tool for identifying children at risk for DCD.
Abstract: BACKGROUND. The Do�Eat was developed to evaluate daily task performance abilities among children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). This study investigated the tool�s reliability and validity. METHOD. Participants were 59 children ages 5 to 6.5 years; 30 children diagnosed with DCD according to the DSM�IV�TR; and a control group of 29 children, who were matched for age, gender, and sociodemographic background. RESULTS. Both the Do�Eat and the accompanying Parent Questionnaire yielded high internal consistency (as = .89�.93). Construct validity was demonstrated by significant between-group differences on the Do-Eat (t[57] = 14.09, p < .001) and the Parent Questionnaire (t[57] = 3.64, p < .001). Significant correlations between children�s scores on the sensory�motor component of the Do�Eat and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children final score confirmed concurrent validity (r = -.86, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS. Results suggest that the Do�Eat is a reliable, valid tool for identifying children at risk for DCD

45 citations

01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this article, a survey questionnaire was conducted to elicit professionals' views on and experiences with factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimates; a total of 70 organizations responded to the survey.
Abstract: Pre-tender cost estimates of construction projects require extensive knowledge and expertise. The aim of this paper is to identify, evaluate and rank essential factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimating from the perspective of clients and consultants. A survey questionnaire was conducted to elicit professionals' views on and experiences with factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimates; a total of 70 organisations (i.e., 46 clients and 24 consultants operating in the Gaza Strip, Palestine) responded to the survey. The results of analysing a total of 64 factors considered in the questionnaire reveal that the top five factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimating are (1) materials (prices/availability/supply/quality/imports), (2) closure and blockade of borders, (3) project team's experience in the construction type, (4) the experience and skill level of the consultant and (5) clear and detailed drawings and specifications. Kendall's coefficient of concordance was used as a measure of agreement between the two groups of respondents (i.e., clients and consultants) who ranked various factors and it appears that they are generally in agreement. Both clients and consultant groups should focus on the main factors identified in this study to develop effective strategies for accurate cost estimating, which would ultimately lead to successful projects.

44 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors identify factors influencing time and cost overruns in construction projects in the Gaza Strip, and present a detailed questionnaire containing 110 factors that caused time delay and 42 factors which caused cost overrun.
Abstract: The construction industry is considered one of the most important industries in Palestine. However, most construction projects in the Gaza Strip have been exposed to time and cost overruns. The aim of this paper is to identify factors influencing time and cost overruns in construction projects in the Gaza Strip. A detailed questionnaire containing 110 factors that caused time delay and 42 factors that caused cost overruns was developed as a basis to invite inputs from contractors. 80 questionnaires were distributed to contractors and 66 were completed and returned representing an 83% response rate. The view of contractors has been analyzed to rank the causes of delay and cost overruns on an importance index. The most significant causes of time delay identified in this research are; strikes, border closures, lack of materials in markets, shortage of construction materials at site, delay of material delivery to site, cash-flow problems during construction, and poor site management. The most signific...

39 citations