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Journal ArticleDOI

Essentials of nursing research: Methods and applications

01 Feb 1986-Nurse Education Today (Elsevier)-Vol. 6, Iss: 1, pp 46
About: This article is published in Nurse Education Today.The article was published on 1986-02-01. It has received 47 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Nursing research.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A significant negative correlation was found between the percentage of IEP objectives met variable and three collaborative variables--team meetings, reviewing progress, and develop goals and objectives, indicating that as the frequency of these team processes increased, fewer objectives were met.
Abstract: Objective A descriptive, correlational study using a survey instrument and record review was designed to describe collaboration practices between teachers and occupational therapists in public schools and to explore relationships of these practices to individual education plan (IEP) objectives and teachers' perceptions of occupational therapy contributions to student skill development. Method Forty teachers of students who receive occupational therapy comprised the sample. Descriptive statistics and Spearman rank order correlations were used to describe the practices and to determine associations among the variables. Results and conclusions The findings indicated that teachers and occupational therapists were using collaborative team practices, such as jointly developing goals and objectives, collaboration within the classrooms, jointly monitoring interventions, and jointly reviewing student progress. However, scheduling team meetings was difficult. The majority of respondents stated that occupational therapy contributed to student skill development, and as collaboration practices increased, the teachers' perceptions of occupational therapy contribution to student skill development increased. A significant negative correlation was found between the percentage of IEP objectives met variable and three collaborative variables--team meetings, reviewing progress, and develop goals and objectives. This finding indicated that as the frequency of these team processes increased, fewer objectives were met.

104 citations


Cites background from "Essentials of nursing research: Met..."

  • ...Cronbach’s alpha is a “reliability index that estimates internal consistency or homogeneity of a measure composed of several items or subparts” (Polit & Hungler, 1985, p. 383)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results suggest that the Do-Eat is a reliable, valid tool for identifying children at risk for DCD.
Abstract: BACKGROUND. The Do�Eat was developed to evaluate daily task performance abilities among children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). This study investigated the tool�s reliability and validity. METHOD. Participants were 59 children ages 5 to 6.5 years; 30 children diagnosed with DCD according to the DSM�IV�TR; and a control group of 29 children, who were matched for age, gender, and sociodemographic background. RESULTS. Both the Do�Eat and the accompanying Parent Questionnaire yielded high internal consistency (as = .89�.93). Construct validity was demonstrated by significant between-group differences on the Do-Eat (t[57] = 14.09, p < .001) and the Parent Questionnaire (t[57] = 3.64, p < .001). Significant correlations between children�s scores on the sensory�motor component of the Do�Eat and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children final score confirmed concurrent validity (r = -.86, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS. Results suggest that the Do�Eat is a reliable, valid tool for identifying children at risk for DCD

45 citations

01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this article, a survey questionnaire was conducted to elicit professionals' views on and experiences with factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimates; a total of 70 organizations responded to the survey.
Abstract: Pre-tender cost estimates of construction projects require extensive knowledge and expertise. The aim of this paper is to identify, evaluate and rank essential factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimating from the perspective of clients and consultants. A survey questionnaire was conducted to elicit professionals' views on and experiences with factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimates; a total of 70 organisations (i.e., 46 clients and 24 consultants operating in the Gaza Strip, Palestine) responded to the survey. The results of analysing a total of 64 factors considered in the questionnaire reveal that the top five factors affecting the accuracy of pre-tender cost estimating are (1) materials (prices/availability/supply/quality/imports), (2) closure and blockade of borders, (3) project team's experience in the construction type, (4) the experience and skill level of the consultant and (5) clear and detailed drawings and specifications. Kendall's coefficient of concordance was used as a measure of agreement between the two groups of respondents (i.e., clients and consultants) who ranked various factors and it appears that they are generally in agreement. Both clients and consultant groups should focus on the main factors identified in this study to develop effective strategies for accurate cost estimating, which would ultimately lead to successful projects.

44 citations


Cites background or methods from "Essentials of nursing research: Met..."

  • ...According to Polit and Hungler (1985), validity refers to the degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to be measuring....

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  • ...To ensure the validity of the questionnaire and following Polit and Hungler (1985), two statistical tests were applied....

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  • ...According to Polit and Hungler (1985), validity refers to the degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to be measuring. Instrument validity can be evaluated in two ways: (1) content validity and (2) statistical validity, which includes criterion-related validity and construct validity. For this research, the content validity of the questionnaire was tested by an expert panel of ten experts in the project management field consisting of two academics, four consultants and four seasoned clients. Each expert was requested to evaluate the content validity for each item based on rating the index of content validity. Based on the comments of the experts, the final questionnaire included 64 factors grouped into five categories. To ensure the validity of the questionnaire and following Polit and Hungler (1985), two statistical tests were applied....

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  • ...Instrument Validity According to Polit and Hungler (1985), validity refers to the degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to be measuring....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors identify factors influencing time and cost overruns in construction projects in the Gaza Strip, and present a detailed questionnaire containing 110 factors that caused time delay and 42 factors which caused cost overrun.
Abstract: The construction industry is considered one of the most important industries in Palestine. However, most construction projects in the Gaza Strip have been exposed to time and cost overruns. The aim of this paper is to identify factors influencing time and cost overruns in construction projects in the Gaza Strip. A detailed questionnaire containing 110 factors that caused time delay and 42 factors that caused cost overruns was developed as a basis to invite inputs from contractors. 80 questionnaires were distributed to contractors and 66 were completed and returned representing an 83% response rate. The view of contractors has been analyzed to rank the causes of delay and cost overruns on an importance index. The most significant causes of time delay identified in this research are; strikes, border closures, lack of materials in markets, shortage of construction materials at site, delay of material delivery to site, cash-flow problems during construction, and poor site management. The most signific...

39 citations


Cites background from "Essentials of nursing research: Met..."

  • ...The reliability of an instrument is the degree of consistency which measures the attribute it is supposed to be measuring (Poilt and Hungler, 1985)....

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References
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01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the key stressors that lead to stress among professionals on construction projects and found that personality and home-work conflicts are the most prevailing personal stressors linked to stress experienced by Gaza Strip construction professionals.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the key stressors that lead to stress among professionals on construction projects. A total of 320 questionnaires were randomly distributed to construction professionals in the Gaza Strip, and 183 were returned, yielding a 51% response rate. Exploratory factor analysis was employed to explore the interrelationships among stressor attributes in four stressor groups (task, personal, physical, and organisational). The results of this study indicated that personality and home-work conflicts are the most prevailing personal stressors linked to stress experienced by Gaza Strip construction professionals. This type of stress was induced because construction professionals did not give attention to their personal lives in addition to their jobs. Task stressors resulted from two types of work overload: quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative overload came from working for long hours with too much work, whereas qualitative overload resulted from a wide range of responsibilities. Physical stressors were not recognised by Gaza Strip construction professionals as an important source of stress. With regard to organisational stressors, it was found that the policies, treatment, and rewards were inadequate. A politicised environment and lack of feedback from the supervisor were responsible for organisational structure stressors. This study will add value to the existing body of knowledge concerning Palestinian professionals' perspectives of stressors in the construction industry. Professionals can take key stressors into consideration to manage and minimise stress on construction projects. Therefore, training sessions on managing and coping with stress is recommended for construction professionals.

16 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2010
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a survey of ABBREVIATIONS and TABLES in the context of research in the field of computer graphics and computer vision, with a focus on computer graphics.
Abstract: ........................................................................................................................ IV صخلم ثحبلا ...................................................................................................................... VI LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................................... XII LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................... XIII LIST OF FIGURES ....................................................................................................... XV CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... 1 1.1 Background and Rationale ..................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Problem Statement .................................................................................................................. 2 1.3 Research Aim .......................................................................................................................... 3 1.4 Research Objectives ................................................................................................................ 4 1.5 Significance of the Study ......................................................................................................... 4 1.6 Research Scope and Limitations ............................................................................................. 4 1.7 Methodology Outline .............................................................................................................. 5 1.8 Research

15 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: This chapter discusses literature review, specifically the literature review of comparative literature and its applications in the field of comparative medicine.
Abstract: ................................................................................................................................. IV RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS .................................................................................................... VI LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... XV LIST OF FIGURES .................................................................................................................. XVII LIST OF ACRONYMS .............................................................................................................. XXI CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................. 1 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY ........................................................................................ 1 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND GAP OF KNOWLEDGE ................................... 4 1.3 RESEARCH AIM AND OBJECTIVES .................................................................................. 7 1.3.1 STUDY’S AIM ................................................................................................................................................ 7 1.3.2 OBJECTIVES .................................................................................................................................................. 7 1.4 SCOPE OF THE RESEARCH ................................................................................................ 8 1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY AND RESEARCH CONTRIBUTIONS ........................ 9 1.6 RESEARCH APPROACH AND DESIGN ........................................................................... 11 1.7 STRUCTURE OF THESIS................................................................................................... 12 1.8 CHAPTER SUMMARY ....................................................................................................... 14 CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW .................................................................................... 15 2.

13 citations