Evaluating Prediction Accuracy, Developmental Challenges, and Issues of Recommender Systems
01 Jul 2018-International Journal of Web Portals (IGI Global)-Vol. 10, Iss: 2, pp 61-79
About: This article is published in International Journal of Web Portals.The article was published on 2018-07-01. It has received 4 citation(s) till now. The article focuses on the topic(s): Recommender system.
24 May 2006
TL;DR: Evaluation results indicate that the AIMED model significantly increases recommendation accuracy and decreases prediction errors compared to the conventional model.
Abstract: Previous personalized DTV recommendation systems focus only on viewers' historical viewing records or demographic data. This study proposes a new recommending mechanism from a user oriented perspective. The recommending mechanism is based on user properties such as Activities, Interests, Moods, Experiences, and Demographic information--AIMED. The AIMED data is fed into a neural network model to predict TV viewers' program preferences. Evaluation results indicate that the AIMED model significantly increases recommendation accuracy and decreases prediction errors compared to the conventional model.
TL;DR: A genetic algorithm-influenced gender-based top-n recommender algorithm is proposed to address the new user cold start problem and it is proved that the algorithm has a better efficiency than the state of art approaches.
Abstract: Most recommender systems are based on the familiar collaborative filtering algorithm to suggest items. Quite often, collaborative filtering algorithm fails in generating recommendations due to the lack of adequate user information resulting in new user cold start problem. The cold start problem is one among the prevailing issue in recommendation system where the system fails to render recommendations. To overcome the new user cold start issue, demographical information of the user is utilised as the user information source. Among the demographical information, the impact of the user gender is less explored when compared with other information like age, profession, region, etc. In this work, a genetic algorithm-influenced gender-based top-n recommender algorithm is proposed to address the new user cold start problem. The algorithm utilises the evolution concepts of the genetic algorithm to render top-n recommendations to a new user. The evaluation of the proposed algorithm using real world datasets proved that the algorithm has a better efficiency than the state of art approaches.
TL;DR: The results of experimental setup establish the fact that the proposed system provides more accurate outcomes in terms of precision and recall over other rule learning algorithms such as C4.5.
Abstract: The proposed research work is an effort to provide accurate movie recommendations to a group of users with the help of a rule-based content-based group recommender system. The whole approach is categorized into 2 phases. In phase 1, a rule- based approach has been proposed which considers the users’ viewing history to provide the Rule Base for every individual user. In phase 2, a novel group recommendation system has been proposed which considers the ratings of the movies as per the rule base generated in phase 1. Phase 2 also considers the weightage of every individual member of the group to provide the accurate movie recommendation to that particular group of users. The results of experimental setup also establish the fact that the proposed system provides more accurate outcomes in terms of precision and recall over other rule learning algorithms such as C4.5.
Cites background from "Evaluating Prediction Accuracy, Dev..."
...There are various personalization techniques available in the market to overcome this problem; one aspect of personalization is recommendation system which is explained in detail by Moses and Babu ....
TL;DR: This work proposes a novel hybrid policy called popularity-aware modified least frequently used (PMLFU) that best suits for the current proxy-based web caching environment and combines features such as frequency, recency, popularity, and user page count in decision-making policy.
Abstract: The world wide web (WWW) plays a significant role in information sharing and distribution. In web-based information access, the speed of information retrieval plays a critical role in shaping the web usability and determining the user satisfaction in accessing webpages. To deal with this problem, web caching is used. The problem with the present web caching system is that it is very hard to recognize webpages that are to be accessed and then to be cached. This is forced by the fact that there are broad categories of users and each one having their own preferences. Hence, it is decided to propose a novel approach for web access pattern generation by analyzing the web log file present in the proxy server. Further, it tries to propose a novel hybrid policy called popularity-aware modified least frequently used (PMLFU) that best suits for the current proxy-based web caching environment. It combines features such as frequency, recency, popularity, and user page count in decision-making policy. The performance of the proposed system is observed using real-time datasets, empirically using IRCACHE datasets.
••22 Oct 1994
TL;DR: GroupLens is a system for collaborative filtering of netnews, to help people find articles they will like in the huge stream of available articles, and protect their privacy by entering ratings under pseudonyms, without reducing the effectiveness of the score prediction.
Abstract: Collaborative filters help people make choices based on the opinions of other people. GroupLens is a system for collaborative filtering of netnews, to help people find articles they will like in the huge stream of available articles. News reader clients display predicted scores and make it easy for users to rate articles after they read them. Rating servers, called Better Bit Bureaus, gather and disseminate the ratings. The rating servers predict scores based on the heuristic that people who agreed in the past will probably agree again. Users can protect their privacy by entering ratings under pseudonyms, without reducing the effectiveness of the score prediction. The entire architecture is open: alternative software for news clients and Better Bit Bureaus can be developed independently and can interoperate with the components we have developed.
01 Dec 1992-Communications of The ACM
TL;DR: Tapestry is intended to handle any incoming stream of electronic documents and serves both as a mail filter and repository; its components are the indexer, document store, annotation store, filterer, little box, remailer, appraiser and reader/browser.
Abstract: The Tapestry experimental mail system developed at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center is predicated on the belief that information filtering can be more effective when humans are involved in the filtering process. Tapestry was designed to support both content-based filtering and collaborative filtering, which entails people collaborating to help each other perform filtering by recording their reactions to documents they read. The reactions are called annotations; they can be accessed by other people’s filters. Tapestry is intended to handle any incoming stream of electronic documents and serves both as a mail filter and repository; its components are the indexer, document store, annotation store, filterer, little box, remailer, appraiser and reader/browser. Tapestry’s client/server architecture, its various components, and the Tapestry query language are described.
01 Mar 1997-Communications of The ACM
TL;DR: This special section includes descriptions of five recommender systems, which provide recommendations as inputs, which the system then aggregates and directs to appropriate recipients, and which combine evaluations with content analysis.
Abstract: Recommender systems assist and augment this natural social process. In a typical recommender system people provide recommendations as inputs, which the system then aggregates and directs to appropriate recipients. In some cases the primary transformation is in the aggregation; in others the system’s value lies in its ability to make good matches between the recommenders and those seeking recommendations. The developers of the first recommender system, Tapestry , coined the phrase “collaborative filtering” and several others have adopted it. We prefer the more general term “recommender system” for two reasons. First, recommenders may not explictly collaborate with recipients, who may be unknown to each other. Second, recommendations may suggest particularly interesting items, in addition to indicating those that should be filtered out. This special section includes descriptions of five recommender systems. A sixth article analyzes incentives for provision of recommendations. Figure 1 places the systems in a technical design space defined by five dimensions. First, the contents of an evaluation can be anything from a single bit (recommended or not) to unstructured textual annotations. Second, recommendations may be entered explicitly, but several systems gather implicit evaluations: GroupLens monitors users’ reading times; PHOAKS mines Usenet articles for mentions of URLs; and Siteseer mines personal bookmark lists. Third, recommendations may be anonymous, tagged with the source’s identity, or tagged with a pseudonym. The fourth dimension, and one of the richest areas for exploration, is how to aggregate evaluations. GroupLens, PHOAKS, and Siteseer employ variants on weighted voting. Fab takes that one step further to combine evaluations with content analysis. ReferralWeb combines suggested links between people to form longer referral chains. Finally, the (perhaps aggregated) evaluations may be used in several ways: negative recommendations may be filtered out, the items may be sorted according to numeric evaluations, or evaluations may accompany items in a display. Figures 2 and 3 identify dimensions of the domain space: The kinds of items being recommended and the people among whom evaluations are shared. Consider, first, the domain of items. The sheer volume is an important variable: Detailed textual reviews of restaurants or movies may be practical, but applying the same approach to thousands of daily Netnews messages would not. Ephemeral media such as netnews (most news servers throw away articles after one or two weeks) place a premium on gathering and distributing evaluations quickly, while evaluations for 19th century books can be gathered at a more leisurely pace. The last dimension describes the cost structure of choices people make about the items. Is it very costly to miss IT IS OFTEN NECESSARY TO MAKE CHOICES WITHOUT SUFFICIENT personal experience of the alternatives. In everyday life, we rely on
TL;DR: This paper surveys the landscape of actual and possible hybrid recommenders, and introduces a novel hybrid, EntreeC, a system that combines knowledge-based recommendation and collaborative filtering to recommend restaurants, and shows that semantic ratings obtained from the knowledge- based part of the system enhance the effectiveness of collaborative filtering.
Abstract: Recommender systems represent user preferences for the purpose of suggesting items to purchase or examine They have become fundamental applications in electronic commerce and information access, providing suggestions that effectively prune large information spaces so that users are directed toward those items that best meet their needs and preferences A variety of techniques have been proposed for performing recommendation, including content-based, collaborative, knowledge-based and other techniques To improve performance, these methods have sometimes been combined in hybrid recommenders This paper surveys the landscape of actual and possible hybrid recommenders, and introduces a novel hybrid, EntreeC, a system that combines knowledge-based recommendation and collaborative filtering to recommend restaurants Further, we show that semantic ratings obtained from the knowledge-based part of the system enhance the effectiveness of collaborative filtering
••01 May 1995
TL;DR: The implementation of a networked system called Ringo, which makes personalized recommendations for music albums and artists, and four different algorithms for making recommendations by using social information filtering were tested and compared.
Abstract: This paper describes a technique for making personalized recommendations from any type of database to a user based on similarities between the interest profile of that user and those of other users. In particular, we discuss the implementation of a networked system called Ringo, which makes personalized recommendations for music albums and artists. Ringo's database of users and artists grows dynamically as more people use the system and enter more information. Four different algorithms for making recommendations by using social information filtering were tested and compared. We present quantitative and qualitative results obtained from the use of Ringo by more than 2000 people.
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