Abstract: Nowadays, with increasing energy consumption, global warming, and many problems caused by weather conditions, the tendency to use novel methods of energy generation with high efficiency and low cost that reduce environmental pollution has increased. This study investigates the feasibility of using gas pressure energy recovery in natural gas pressure reduction stations by turboexpanders for cogeneration of power and refrigeration. Turboexpanders and compression refrigeration cycles are employed to recover the energy from natural gas pressure reduction stations. Then, natural gas along with the compressed air enters the Brayton power generation cycle and its waste heat is used in the carbon dioxide (CO2) power generation plant, multistage Rankine cycle, and multi-effect thermal desalination unit. This integrated structure generates 105.6 MW of power, 2.960 MW of refrigeration, and 34.73 kg s−1 of freshwater. The electrical efficiencies of the Rankine power generation cycle, CO2 power generation plant, and the whole integrated structure are 0.4101, 0.4120, and 0.4704, respectively. The exergy efficiency and irreversibility of the developed integrated structure are 60.59% and 68.17 MW, respectively. The exergy analysis of the integrated structure shows that the highest rates of exergy destruction are related to the combustion chamber (59.68%), heat exchangers (14.70%), and compressors (14.46%). The annualized cost of the system (ACS) is used to evaluate the developed hybrid system. The economic analysis of the integrated structure indicated the period of return, the prime cost of the product, and capital cost are 2.565 years, 0.0430 US$ kWh−1, and 372.3 MMUS$, respectively. The results reveal that the period of return is highly sensitive to the electricity price, such that the period of return in the developed integrated structure is less than 5 years for the electricity price of 0.092 US$ kWh−1 and more. Also, the period of return is less than 5 years for the initial investment cost of 632.9 MMUS$ and less, which is economically viable.
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