Experimental Investigations on Lean Burn Spark Ignition Engine Using Methanol - Gasoline Blends
09 Jan 2019-
About: The article was published on 2019-01-09. It has received 2 citation(s) till now. The article focuses on the topic(s): Lean burn & Spark-ignition engine.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the classification, generation, and utilization of biofuels, particularly in internal combustion engine (ICE) applications, and highlighted the advantages of the application of biogas, bioalcohol, and hydrogen in spark ignition engines, as well as biodiesel, Fischer-Tropsch fuel, and dimethyl ether in compression ignition engines.
Abstract: Biofuel, a cost-effective, safe, and environmentally benign fuel produced from renewable sources, has been accepted as a sustainable replacement and a panacea for the damaging effects of the exploration for and consumption of fossil-based fuels. The current work examines the classification, generation, and utilization of biofuels, particularly in internal combustion engine (ICE) applications. Biofuels are classified according to their physical state, technology maturity, the generation of feedstock, and the generation of products. The methods of production and the advantages of the application of biogas, bioalcohol, and hydrogen in spark ignition engines, as well as biodiesel, Fischer–Tropsch fuel, and dimethyl ether in compression ignition engines, in terms of engine performance and emission are highlighted. The generation of biofuels from waste helps in waste minimization, proper waste disposal, and sanitation. The utilization of biofuels in ICEs improves engine performance and mitigates the emission of poisonous gases. There is a need for appropriate policy frameworks to promote commercial production and seamless deployment of these biofuels for transportation applications with a view to guaranteeing energy security.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of hydrogen impacts on lean flammability limits and the burning characteristics of n-decane, a kerosene surrogate, were studied using a spherical combustion chamber and Chemkin software at 460k and 100kPa.
Abstract: Hydrogen impacts on lean flammability limits and the burning characteristics of n-decane, a kerosene surrogate, were studied using a spherical combustion chamber and Chemkin software at 460 K and 100 kPa. Laminar flame propagated spherically at λ = 0.8–1.3 by using 50 mJ IE, whereas further leaner mixture (λ ≥ 1.4) could be ignited at 1000 mJ. However, the wrinkles appeared on flame morphology thanks to higher IE. The effect of IE on flame morphology reduced with increasing the value of λ. In contrast, the flame distortion enhanced as lifting IE, 1000–3000 mJ. Near lean limit, the spherical flame appeared initially from 0 ms to 20 ms. When time increased from 20 ms, it buoyed due to slow flame speed and rapid radiation losses. Eventually, it disappeared at t ≈ 200 ms, and the mixture could not burn completely. Lean limits of n-decane were found λ = 1.6, λ = 1.7, and λ = 1.8 at 1000 mJ, 2000 mJ, and 3000 mJ, respectively. It linearly extended by 0.5 λ with 70% H2 addition (0–70%) and enormously enlarged by 1.3 λ with 20% H2 addition (70–90%). IE, 1000–3000 mJ, extended the lean limit by 0.2 λ. H radical produced greatly from H2 and CO by consuming OH, whereas it consumed by translating formaldehyde and oxygen into aldehyde, O and OH. OH produced significantly from the consumption of H and hydroperoxyl radicals. By lifting hydrogen, H and OH increased rapidly, which enhanced the reaction rates of dominant intermediates. Consequently, the lean limit improved.
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