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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/15213269.2019.1688171

Experimentally manipulating social media abstinence: results of a four-week diary study

04 Mar 2021-Media Psychology (Routledge)-Vol. 24, Iss: 2, pp 259-275
Abstract: Social media use has a weak, negative association with well-being in cross-sectional and longitudinal research, but this association in experimental studies is mixed. This investigation explores wh...

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Topics: Abstinence (57%)
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24 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.31887/DCNS.2020.22.2/TDIENLIN
Tobias Dienlin1, Niklas Johannes2Institutions (2)
Abstract: This review provides an overview of the literature regarding digital technology use and adolescent well-being. Overall, findings imply that the general effects are on the negative end of the spectrum but very small. Effects differ depending on the type of use: whereas procrastination and passive use are related to more negative effects, social and active use are related to more positive effects. Digital technology use has stronger effects on short-term markers of hedonic well-being (eg, negative affect) than long-term measures of eudaimonic well-being (eg, life satisfaction). Although adolescents are more vulnerable, effects are comparable for both adolescents and adults. It appears that both low and excessive use are related to decreased well-being, whereas moderate use is related to increased well-being. The current research still has many limitations: High-quality studies with large-scale samples, objective measures of digital technology use, and experience sampling of well-being are missing. .

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28 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TICS.2020.10.005
Ethan Kross1, Philippe Verduyn2, Gal Sheppes3, Cory Costello1  +2 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Within a relatively short time span, social media have transformed the way humans interact, leading many to wonder what, if any, implications this interactive revolution has had for people's emotional lives. Over the past 15 years, an explosion of research has examined this issue, generating countless studies and heated debate. Although early research generated inconclusive findings, several experiments have revealed small negative effects of social media use on well-being. These results mask, however, a deeper set of complexities. Accumulating evidence indicates that social media can enhance or diminish well-being depending on how people use them. Future research is needed to model these complexities using stronger methods to advance knowledge in this domain.

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17 Citations


Open accessBook
David A. Ellis1Institutions (1)
24 Sep 2020-
Abstract: Psychologists can now quantify behaviours beyond the laboratory using a mass-adopted, unified system that is primed for data capture a.k.a. smartphones. This is the first book to bring together related areas of smartphone research and point towards how psychology can benefit and engage with these developments in the future. It critically considers how smartphones and related digital devices help answer and generate new research questions for psychological science. The book then guides readers through how smartphones are being used within psychology and social science more broadly. Drawing from examples of both good and bad practice within current research, a new perspective is brought to major themes and debates across behavioural science. In the digital age, smartphones and associated devices will be able to accomplish much more in the near future. Psychology has a key role to play when it comes to balancing this monumental potential with carefully considered research.

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Topics: Behavioural sciences (54%)

14 Citations


Open accessBook
Jeffrey A. Hall1Institutions (1)
31 Aug 2020-
Abstract: This book answers one of the most critical questions of our time, does the vast connectivity afforded by mobile and social media lead to more personal connection with one another? It offers an evidence-based account of the role of technology in close relationships that confronts such pressing questions as where face-to-face communication belongs in this digital age, whether social media is harmful to our well-being, and how online communication spills-over into our offline communication and relationships. Each chapter explores the positive and negative influences of media on relationships, coalescing into a balanced assessment of how technological advancement has altered our connections with each other. By zeroing in on communication with the most important people in our lives and tracing the changes in computer-mediated communication over time, Relating Through Technology focuses the conversation about media on its use in our everyday lives and relationships.

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Topics: Social media (53%), Conversation (53%)

12 Citations



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32 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002
01 Jun 1992-Medical Care
Abstract: A 36-item short-form (SF-36) was constructed to survey health status in the Medical Outcomes Study. The SF-36 was designed for use in clinical practice and research, health policy evaluations, and general population surveys. The SF-36 includes one multi-item scale that assesses eight health concepts: 1) limitations in physical activities because of health problems; 2) limitations in social activities because of physical or emotional problems; 3) limitations in usual role activities because of physical health problems; 4) bodily pain; 5) general mental health (psychological distress and well-being); 6) limitations in usual role activities because of emotional problems; 7) vitality (energy and fatigue); and 8) general health perceptions. The survey was constructed for self-administration by persons 14 years of age and older, and for administration by a trained interviewer in person or by telephone. The history of the development of the SF-36, the origin of specific items, and the logic underlying their selection are summarized. The content and features of the SF-36 are compared with the 20-item Medical Outcomes Study short-form.

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Topics: Health services research (58%), Health equity (58%), Health policy (58%) ... show more

31,597 Citations


Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: This article reports the development and validation of a scale to measure global life satisfaction, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the various components of subjective well-being, the SWLS is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction and does not tap related constructs such as positive affect or loneliness. The SWLS is shown to have favorable psychometric properties, including high internal consistency and high temporal reliability. Scores on the SWLS correlate moderately to highly with other measures of subjective well-being, and correlate predictably with specific personality characteristics. It is noted that the SWLS is suited for use with different age groups, and other potential uses of the scale are discussed.

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18,785 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1207/S15327752JPA4901_13
Abstract: This article reports the development and validation of a scale to measure global life satisfaction, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the various components of subjective well-being, the SWLS is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction and does not tap related constructs such as positive affect or loneliness. The SWLS is shown to have favorable psychometric properties, including high internal consistency and high temporal reliability. Scores on the SWLS correlate moderately to highly with other measures of subjective well-being, and correlate predictably with specific personality characteristics. It is noted that the SWLS is Suited for use with different age groups, and other potential uses of the scale are discussed.

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17,915 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1177/0164027504268574
01 Nov 2004-Research on Aging
Abstract: Most studies of social relationships in later life focus on the amount of social contact, not on individuals' perceptions of social isolation. However, loneliness is likely to be an important aspect of aging. A major limiting factor in studying loneliness has been the lack of a measure suitable for large-scale social surveys. This article describes a short loneliness scale developed specifically for use on a telephone survey. The scale has three items and a simplified set of response categories but appears to measure overall loneliness quite well. The authors also document the relationship between loneliness and several commonly used measures of objective social isolation. As expected, they find that objective and subjective isolation are related. However, the relationship is relatively modest, indicating that the quantitative and qualitative aspects of social relationships are distinct. This result suggests the importance of studying both dimensions of social relationships in the aging process.

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Topics: Loneliness (72%), Social isolation (62%), Social relation (56%)

1,611 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1177/1745691612442904
Abstract: With over 800 million active users, Facebook is changing the way hundreds of millions of people relate to one another and share information. A rapidly growing body of research has accompanied the meteoric rise of Facebook as social scientists assess the impact of Facebook on social life. In addition, researchers have recognized the utility of Facebook as a novel tool to observe behavior in a naturalistic setting, test hypotheses, and recruit participants. However, research on Facebook emanates from a wide variety of disciplines, with results being published in a broad range of journals and conference proceedings, making it difficult to keep track of various findings. And because Facebook is a relatively recent phenomenon, uncertainty still exists about the most effective ways to do Facebook research. To address these issues, the authors conducted a comprehensive literature search, identifying 412 relevant articles, which were sorted into 5 categories: descriptive analysis of users, motivations for using Facebook, identity presentation, the role of Facebook in social interactions, and privacy and information disclosure. The literature review serves as the foundation from which to assess current findings and offer recommendations to the field for future research on Facebook and online social networks more broadly.

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Topics: Social media (65%), Cyberpsychology (62%), Behavioral targeting (59%) ... show more

1,053 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
202110
202014