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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/02670844.2020.1730059

Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces based on fluorosilane and TiO2/SiO2 nanocomposites

04 Mar 2021-Surface Engineering (Taylor & Francis)-Vol. 37, Iss: 3, pp 271-277
Abstract: In this work, we reported a facile method to fabricate highly stable superhydrophobic coatings via blending two kinds of nanoparticles and crosslinked fluorosilanes. Simultaneous use of nano-TiO2 a...

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Topics: Coating (51%)
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6 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.APSUSC.2021.149286
Tinglan Wang1, Zicheng Lu1, Xueqi Wang1, Zhicheng Zhang1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: The combination of photocatalysis and superhydrophobic has attracted much attention because of its great prospect. In this work, ZnO/PDMS composites were synthesized by electrodeposition-grafting modification method. The effects of process parameters on the structure and properties of the composite structures were studied, and the composite structures were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction technique (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), UV-visible spectroscopy and contact angle measurement. The results showed that the samples obtained under the optimal conditions have superhydrophobic property and remained excellent photocatalytic performance. In the self-cleaning experiment, the simulated pollutants can be effectively removed from the surface. Compared with ZnO, ZnO/PDMS possessed better resistance to Escherichia coli, which was due to the synergistic antibacterial mechanism of photocatalytic activity and superhydrophobic interaction. Furthermore, we also discussed the mechanism in detail.

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Topics: Photocatalysis (52%), Contact angle (52%)

5 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/NANO11041046
Yinghan Chan1, Xun Hui Wu1, Buong Woei Chieng2, Nor Azowa Ibrahim2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
19 Apr 2021-Nanomaterials
Abstract: Biofilm formation represents a significant cause of concern as it has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality, thereby imposing a huge burden on public healthcare system throughout the world. As biofilms are usually resistant to various conventional antimicrobial interventions, they may result in severe and persistent infections, which necessitates the development of novel therapeutic strategies to combat biofilm-based infections. Physicochemical modification of the biomaterials utilized in medical devices to mitigate initial microbial attachment has been proposed as a promising strategy in combating polymicrobial infections, as the adhesion of microorganisms is typically the first step for the formation of biofilms. For instance, superhydrophobic surfaces have been shown to possess substantial anti-biofilm properties attributed to the presence of nanostructures. In this article, we provide an insight into the mechanisms underlying biofilm formation and their composition, as well as the applications of nanomaterials as superhydrophobic nanocoatings for the development of novel anti-biofilm therapies.

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Topics: Biofilm (50%)

3 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/COATINGS11050573
14 May 2021-THE Coatings
Abstract: The reported work was focused on sol–gel-derived organically modified and fluorinated silica coatings deposited on elastic polymeric foil. The structure and topography of the coatings were tested by infrared spectroscopy and microscopic studies. The functional properties were determined using thermal analysis, surface analysis, and oxygen permeability tests. The barrier feature of the investigated materials against oxygen was correlated with the properties of the coatings. The hybrid (organic–inorganic) structure of the coatings was proven, demonstrating the presence of a silica network modified with alkyl and fluoroalkyl groups since precursors with the isooctyl group or different lengths of the fluoroalkyl chains were used for the syntheses. The coatings were free of defects and had a smooth surface except for the sample containing the longest fluoroalkyl chain (perfluorododecyl group), which showed a wrinkle-like surface. The hydrophobic character of the coatings increased, whereas the oxygen permeation coefficient values decreased (reaching a fourfold lower coefficient in comparison to the bare substrate) with a higher content of the fluorinated carbon atoms in the structure. The results were enriched by the information from the thermomechanical analysis as well as nanoindentation and scratch tests giving values of the glass transition temperature, thermal expansion coefficient, coatings adhesion, and hardness of the investigated systems.

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Topics: Thermomechanical analysis (54%), Oxygen permeability (52%), Glass transition (52%) ... read more

2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2021.131302
Min Li1, Rui Zhao1, Tianxue Yang, Sude Ma2Institutions (2)
01 Dec 2021-Chemosphere
Abstract: Clogging generally happens to the leachate piping system, which poses a risk to the environment. A low surface energy nanocomposite is prepared to mitigate the cloggings, by adding the fluorinated acrylate polymer and hydrophobically modified nano-silica into high-density polyethylene (HDPE) substrate. The best addition of the fluorinated acrylate polymer and the nano-silica is given as 15% and 5%, to produce the composite with a low surface energy of 29.4 mJ/m2. Through the characterization of contact angle (CA), electrochemical corrosion, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), atomic force microscope (AFM) and thermogravimetry (TG), the composite shows low wettability, good corrosion resistance and thermal stability. The surface hydrophobic property of the composite remains unchanged after being immersed in an acidic (pH = 2) and an alkaline (pH = 12) solution, indicating that the prepared composite has strong adaptability to the extreme environments. In addition, the composite shows better anti-scaling performance than that of the commercial high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe materials by application of a dispensing leachate immersion test. The results provide insights into engineering practice for the design and manufacture of pipe materials for leachate collection and transport.

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Topics: High-density polyethylene (56%), Acrylate polymer (55%), Composite number (54%) ... read more

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2021.111598
Abstract: Superhydrophobic coatings on polymeric films are in high demand due to their various real-world applications in a number of different fields. However, reported coatings lack durability or have complicated processes rendering them impractical. Here, tetraethylorthosilicate is polymerized via a modified Stober method in the presence of a corona treated PP film (in-situ) which results in a thin silica-structured layer, covalently bonded to the PP film. Fluorocarbon silanes are then further reacted with the silica layer. The high surface roughness of the silica structures and low surface energy of the fluorocarbon silanes produce superhydrophobic surfaces. PP films coated with flake-like silica structures resulted in higher surface roughness and superhydrophobicity than the particle-like coating. Additionally, the flake-like silica coating exhibited good self-cleaning properties and durability to sandpaper abrasion tests. This novel in-situ process to obtain a hydrophobized SiO2 coating may potentially be used industrially due to its simplicity and promising results.

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Topics: Coating (57%), Layer (electronics) (52%), Surface roughness (51%)

References
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37 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1207115
06 Jan 2012-Science
Abstract: Coating is an essential step in adjusting the surface properties of materials. Superhydrophobic coatings with contact angles greater than 150° and roll-off angles below 10° for water have been developed, based on low-energy surfaces and roughness on the nano- and micrometer scales. However, these surfaces are still wetted by organic liquids such as surfactant-based solutions, alcohols, or alkanes. Coatings that are simultaneously superhydrophobic and superoleophobic are rare. We designed an easily fabricated, transparent, and oil-rebounding superamphiphobic coating. A porous deposit of candle soot was coated with a 25-nanometer-thick silica shell. The black coating became transparent after calcination at 600°C. After silanization, the coating was superamphiphobic and remained so even after its top layer was damaged by sand impingement.

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Topics: Coating (60%)

1,458 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CEJ.2018.02.053
Yuwei Ye1, Yuwei Ye2, Zhiyong Liu2, Wei Liu2  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: This paper provided a novel coating system for Q235 steel using electrodeposited oligoaniline modified silica coating (E-M-SiO2) as a pre-process coating, which was prepared by one step coelectrodeposition of a mixture of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and N,N′-Bis(4′-(3-triethoxysilylpropylureido)-phenyl)-1,4-quinonenediimine (TSUPQD). Microstructure, contact angle, electroactivity and anticorrosion performance were investigated by FTIR, UV–vis, AFM, SEM, OCA20 contact angle analyzer, CV and CHI-660E electrochemical workstation. The CA test indicated, in comparison with pure silica and sol–gel modified silica hybrid coatings, the electrodeposited modified silica coating exhibited a super hydrophobic performance. The CV test illustrated that the special redox property of aniline trimer was maintained in these modified silica hybrid coatings. More importantly, the anticorrosion effectiveness for Q235 steel in 3.5% NaCl solution was improved by the addition of oligoaniline modified silica as the pre-process coating. By comparison, it turned out that the epoxy/E-M-SiO2 coating system presented the lowest icorr value and the highest |Z|0.01Hz value. The corrosion protection mechanism was the synergistic effect of super hydrophobic nature of E-M-SiO2 pre-process coating and special catalytic capability of aniline trimer unit, which effectively restrained the permeation of corrosion medium and induced the formation of passive films consisted of α-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 on the Q235 surface.

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Topics: Coating (63%), Contact angle (52%), Tetraethyl orthosilicate (52%) ... read more

116 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41598-018-22241-9
Zhihui Zhang1, Wang Hujun1, Yunhong Liang1, Xiujuan Li1  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Mar 2018-Scientific Reports
Abstract: Superhydrophobic surfaces have great potential for application in self-cleaning and oil/water separation. However, the large-scale practical applications of superhydrophobic coating surfaces are impeded by many factors, such as complicated fabrication processes, the use of fluorinated reagents and noxious organic solvents and poor mechanical stability. Herein, we describe the successful preparation of a fluorine-free multifunctional coating without noxious organic solvents that was brushed, dipped or sprayed onto glass slides and stainless-steel meshes as substrates. The obtained multifunctional superhydrophobic and superoleophilic surfaces (MSHOs) demonstrated self-cleaning abilities even when contaminated with or immersed in oil. The superhydrophobic surfaces were robust and maintained their water repellency after being scratched with a knife or abraded with sandpaper for 50 cycles. In addition, stainless-steel meshes sprayed with the coating quickly separated various oil/water mixtures with a high separation efficiency (>93%). Furthermore, the coated mesh maintained a high separation efficiency above 95% over 20 cycles of separation. This simple and effective strategy will inspire the large-scale fabrication of multifunctional surfaces for practical applications in self-cleaning and oil/water separation.

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Topics: Superhydrophobic coating (62%), Coating (51%)

92 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CARBPOL.2018.05.075
Maiping Yang1, Weiqu Liu1, Chi Jiang1, Sha He1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to propose a facile, green and low-cost approach of the preparation of superhydrophobic cotton textiles, which can be fabricated with fluorinated TiO2 sols via a sol-gel method. The coating was prepared with TiO2 sols catalyzed with acetic acid, then modified by poly(Hexafluorobutyl methacrylate) (PHFBMA) which was synthesized by free radical polymerization. The wettability, surface morphology and chemical composition of pristine and modified cotton fabrics were investigated. The modified fabric presents a high contact angle reached up to 152.5°. The successful incorporation of fluorinated TiO2 nanoparticles into cotton fabric was verified by the above measurements results. Additionally, the chemical stability of the coated fabric has been tested by immersing in different pH solutions and organic solvents, demonstrating the outstanding water repellency of the fabric. Furthermore, the treated cotton fabric shows excellent self-cleaning properties, which makes it an ideal material for large-scaled industrial applications in various conditions.

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Topics: Contact angle (51%), Coating (51%)

82 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41598-018-22324-7
02 Mar 2018-Scientific Reports
Abstract: Dirt and microorganisms are the major problems in textiles which can generate unpleasant odor during their growth. Here, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel method were loaded on the cotton fabrics using spin coating technique to enhance their antimicrobial properties and water repellency. The effects of ZnO precursor concentration, precursor solution pH, number of coating runs, and Mg doping percent on the structures, morphologies, and water contact angles (WCA) of the ZnO-coated fabrics were addressed. At 0.5 M concentration and pH7, more homogeneous and smaller ZnO nanoparticles were grown along the preferred (0 0 2) direction and uniformly distributed on the fabric with a crystallite size 17.98 nm and dislocation density 3.09 × 10−3 dislocation/nm2. The substitution of Zn 2+ with Mg 2+ ions slightly shifted the (002) peak position to a higher angle. Also, the zeta potential and particle size distribution were measured for ZnO nanoparticle suspension. A superhydrophobic WCA = 154° was measured for the fabric that coated at 0.5 M precursor solution, pH 7, 20 runs and 0% Mg doping. Moreover, the antibacterial activities of the ZnO-coated fabric were investigated against some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria such as Salmonella typhimurium, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus subtilis.

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Topics: Contact angle (51%), Nanoparticle (51%), Spin coating (51%)

78 Citations