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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.NANOLETT.1C00242

Facile Synthesis of Bimetallic Fluoride Heterojunctions on Defect-Enriched Porous Carbon Nanofibers for Efficient ORR Catalysts.

02 Mar 2021-Nano Letters (American Chemical Society (ACS))-Vol. 21, Iss: 6, pp 2618-2624
Abstract: The development of efficient and stable catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at low cost is crucial for realizing the large-scale application of metal-air batteries. Herein, we report an efficient ORR catalyst of bimetallic copper and cobalt fluoride heterojunctions, which are uniformly dispersed in nitrogen-fluorine-oxygen triply doped porous carbon nanofibers (PCNFs) that contain hierarchical macro-meso-micro pores. The composite catalyst materials are fabricated with a facile and green method of electrospinning with water as the solvent. By using poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as the pore inducer to anchor electropositive copper and cobalt salts in the electrospun hybrid nanofibers, bimetallic fluoride heterojunctions can be directly formed in PCNFs after calcination. The hierachical porous structures provide an effective way to transport matter, while the bimetallic fluorides expose abundant electroactive sites, both of which result in stable ORR activities with a high half-wave potential of 0.84 V. The study proposes a feasible strategy for the fabrication of nonprecious catalysts.

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Topics: Cobalt fluoride (53%), Bimetallic strip (52%), Nanofiber (52%) ... show more
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12 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/INF2.12226
Xiaotong Han1, Nannan Li1, Peixun Xiong1, Min Gyu Jung1  +5 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Oct 2021-
Topics: Hydroxide (54%), Flexible battery (53%), Zinc (51%) ... show more

5 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSAMI.1C08810
Rui Lin1, Tong Zheng1, Liang Chen1, Hong Wang1  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Durability is an important factor in evaluating the performance of a catalyst. In this work, the spatial protection of the carrier to nanoparticles was considered to improve the durability of the catalyst. It is found that a honeycombed graphene with a three-dimensional (3D)-hierarchical porous structure (3D HPG) can help to reduce the shedding of Pt-Co nanoparticles (Pt-Co NPs) because 3D HPG can form a protective layer to reduce the direct erosion of Pt-Co NPs on the interface by an electrolyte. Then, appropriate oxygen groups were introduced on the 3D reduced hierarchical porous graphene oxide (3D rHPGO) to improve the dispersion of Pt-Co NPs on the surface of the carrier. It was found that the Pt d-band of the catalyst was anchored by π sites of carbonyl of an oxygen group. After optimization, the catalyst (referred to as Pt-Co/3D rHPGO) achieved a 2-fold enhancement in mass activity than that of a commercial Pt/C catalyst. More importantly, after the accelerated durability test (ADT) of 20 000 cycles, the Pt-Co/3D rHPGO catalyst can almost sustain this level of performance, whereas other catalysts showed a comparatively large loss of activity. According to the results, the high durability of Pt-Co/3D rHPGO was attributed to spatial protection of Pt-Co NPs and the defects on the surface allowed the electrolyte to enter. In addition, oxygen groups provided an anchoring effect on nanoparticles. Thus, the Pt-Co/3D rHPGO electrocatalyst exhibited splendid durability, holding a potential to be applied in PEMFC for long-term work.

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Topics: Electrocatalyst (57%), Catalysis (51%)

3 Citations



Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSAMI.1C17151
Guang Li1, Juan Yang1, Yulian Chen1, Min Liu1  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Looking for a high-efficiency, durabile, and low-cost dual-functional oxygen electrocatalyst as the air electrode catalyst in rechargeable zinc-air batteries (ZABs) is urgently desirable but faces many challenges. Herein, we propose the preparation strategy of effectively using a bifunctional electrocatalyst (Fe-Nx/C) based on the zeolite imidazole organic framework-8 (ZIF-8) as the template agent, with surface modification coated by ferrocene (Fc) molecules followed by pyrolysis at high temperature under inert atmosphere. Benefiting from the surface modification of ZIF-8 with Fc molecules, more abundant multiple catalytic Fe/Fe-Nx/FeCx sites with high intrinsic activity are derived, the resultant Fe-Nx/C exhibits excellent potential gap (ΔE = 0.63 V) and durability, which is obviously superior to the Pt/C + IrO2 benchmark (ΔE = 0.77 V) and other state-of-the-art electrocatalysts. Furthermore, the assembled rechargeable ZABs employing the Fe-Nx/C as an air-electrode show a reduced charging-discharging potential difference of 0.603 V, high power density of 214.8 mW cm-2, and long-term cycling stability of more than 290 h at 2.0 mA cm-2. Therefore, this work presents a feasible strategy to prepare a high-efficiency and durability ORR/OER bifunctional electrocatalyst toward high performance ZABs and next-generation energy storage devices.

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Topics: Electrocatalyst (60%), Bifunctional (54%), Nanocages (50%)

1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JCIS.2021.09.070
Yuepeng Liu1, Jiehua Bao2, Zhongfang Li1, Lei Zhang1  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Defect-engineering in transition-metal-doped carbon-based catalyst plays an essential role for improving the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance. Herein, we report a ball-milling induced defect assisted with ZnCl2 strategy for fabricating defect-rich iron/nitrogen co-doped graphene-based materials (Fe-N-G). The substantial mechanical shear forces and the constant corrosion to the carbon matrix by ZnCl2 lead to the creation of abundant defects in graphene-based materials, which facilitates doping for heteroatoms. The defect-rich Fe-N-G catalyst with abundant Fe-Nx active sites displays excellent ORR performance. For OER, the over potential for Fe-N-G outperforms that of RuO2 in 1 M KOH at 10 mA cm−2. The Density Functional Theory calculations unravel that the impressive OER performance is attributable to the introduction of abundant defects. Additionally, the liquid and all-solid-state zinc-air batteries equipped with the prepared material as the air cathode demonstrate high power density, high specific capacity, and long charge–discharge stability. This work offers a practical method for manufacturing high-performance electrocatalysts for environmental and energy-related fields.

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Topics: Electrocatalyst (54%), Graphene (53%)

1 Citations


References
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35 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT3087
Yongye Liang1, Yanguang Li1, Hailiang Wang1, Jigang Zhou2  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Oct 2011-Nature Materials
Abstract: Catalysts for oxygen reduction and evolution reactions are at the heart of key renewable-energy technologies including fuel cells and water splitting. Despite tremendous efforts, developing oxygen electrode catalysts with high activity at low cost remains a great challenge. Here, we report a hybrid material consisting of Co₃O₄ nanocrystals grown on reduced graphene oxide as a high-performance bi-functional catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Although Co₃O₄ or graphene oxide alone has little catalytic activity, their hybrid exhibits an unexpected, surprisingly high ORR activity that is further enhanced by nitrogen doping of graphene. The Co₃O₄/N-doped graphene hybrid exhibits similar catalytic activity but superior stability to Pt in alkaline solutions. The same hybrid is also highly active for OER, making it a high-performance non-precious metal-based bi-catalyst for both ORR and OER. The unusual catalytic activity arises from synergetic chemical coupling effects between Co₃O₄ and graphene.

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Topics: Graphene (55%), Oxygen evolution (55%), Water splitting (53%) ... show more

4,454 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.CHEMREV.5B00462
17 Feb 2016-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: The recent advances in electrocatalysis for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are thoroughly reviewed. This comprehensive Review focuses on the low- and non-platinum electrocatalysts including advanced platinum alloys, core–shell structures, palladium-based catalysts, metal oxides and chalcogenides, carbon-based non-noble metal catalysts, and metal-free catalysts. The recent development of ORR electrocatalysts with novel structures and compositions is highlighted. The understandings of the correlation between the activity and the shape, size, composition, and synthesis method are summarized. For the carbon-based materials, their performance and stability in fuel cells and comparisons with those of platinum are documented. The research directions as well as perspectives on the further development of more active and less expensive electrocatalysts are provided.

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2,355 Citations


PatentDOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2015.48
Liming Dai1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A co-doped carbon material, methods of making such materials, and electrochemical cells and devices comprising such materials are provided. The co-doped carbon material comprises a mesoporous carbon material doped with nitrogen and phoshporous (NPMC). The present NPMC exhibit catalytic activity for both oxygen reduction reaction and oxygen evolution reaction and may be useful as an electrode in an electrochemical cell and particularly as part of a battery. The present NPMC materials may be used as electrodes in primary zinc-air batteries and in rechargeable zinc-air batteries and many other energy systems.

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Topics: Electrocatalyst (59%), Oxygen evolution (56%), Electrochemical cell (53%) ... show more

2,155 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JZ1005384
Abstract: The lithium−air system captured worldwide attention in 2009 as a possible battery for electric vehicle propulsion applications. If successfully developed, this battery could provide an energy source for electric vehicles rivaling that of gasoline in terms of usable energy density. However, there are numerous scientific and technical challenges that must be overcome if this alluring promise is to turn into reality. The fundamental battery chemistry during discharge is thought to be the electrochemical oxidation of lithium metal at the anode and reduction of oxygen from air at the cathode. With aprotic electrolytes, as used in Li-ion batteries, there is some evidence that the process can be reversed by applying an external potential, i.e., that such a battery can be electrically recharged. This paper summarizes the authors’ view of the promise and challenges facing development of practical Li−air batteries and the current understanding of its chemistry. However, it must be appreciated that this perspective ...

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Topics: Battery (electricity) (63%), Lithium–air battery (59%), Energy source (54%) ... show more

2,118 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JA210924T
Yongye Liang1, Hailiang Wang1, Jigang Zhou, Yanguang Li1  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Through direct nanoparticle nucleation and growth on nitrogen doped, reduced graphene oxide sheets and cation substitution of spinel Co3O4 nanoparticles, a manganese–cobalt spinel MnCo2O4/graphene hybrid was developed as a highly efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline conditions Electrochemical and X-ray near-edge structure (XANES) investigations revealed that the nucleation and growth method for forming inorganic–nanocarbon hybrids results in covalent coupling between spinel oxide nanoparticles and N-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rmGO) sheets Carbon K-edge and nitrogen K-edge XANES showed strongly perturbed C–O and C–N bonding in the N-rmGO sheet, suggesting the formation of C–O–metal and C–N–metal bonds between N-doped graphene oxide and spinel oxide nanoparticles Co L-edge and Mn L-edge XANES suggested substitution of Co3+ sites by Mn3+, which increased the activity of the catalytic sites in the hybrid materials, further boosting the ORR activity compared with th

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Topics: Oxide (58%), Cobalt oxide (58%), Spinel (57%) ... show more

1,080 Citations