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Journal ArticleDOI

Far from Home: Profile of pro-IS Deportees’ Mobility throughout 2016-2020 and Prevention Strategy of Indonesian Government

09 Aug 2022-Vol. 10, Iss: 1
TL;DR: In this article , the authors examined how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility, and found that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.
Abstract: Transnational terrorism has been a worldwide challenge, especially after the declaration of Islamic State (IS) that was based in Syria and Iraq in 2014. By 2017, most foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from Southeast Asia were Indonesian nationals, of almost 700 individuals. The actual number might be higher as some departed to Syria and other destination countries, like Afghanistan, the Philippines, and India, undetected. The research aimed to examine how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility. The novelty of the research rested on its use of Supreme Court’s record of 38 Pro-IS deportees to build a dataset of their profile and travel history from 2016 to 2020. Profile of individual deportee was categorized into demography, affiliation, and funding. Travel history was mapped in accordance with the point of departure in Indonesia, transit country, final destination, and location where the arrest took place- which then led to deportation. The research finds that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
20 Jul 2022
TL;DR: Gülzau et al. as discussed by the authors discussed that connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, and that regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to irregular forms of migration.
Abstract: It has been widely discussed in the literature on regionalism that connectivity and mobility are two critical concepts that underpin the deepening of the regional integration project. Connectivity allows increased mobility of ideas, people, and goods, creating a more robust regional community. Connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks (Bhattacharyay, 2010). Arguably, regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to ‘irregular’ forms of migration. As a result, regional integration often deepens the establishment or reconfiguration of mobility spaces (Gülzau et al., 2016).
References
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Book
01 Jul 2013
TL;DR: The Roots of Jihadism in Indonesia as discussed by the authors provides a complete account of the development of jihadism from the earliest years of Indonesian independence to the terrorist bombings of the past decade, for an English audience.
Abstract: This groundbreaking book shows with rare clarity that Indonesia's current terrorist problems have a long and complex history. Based on a remarkable array of sources, many of which have never been publicly cited, Solahudin's rigorous account fills in many gaps in our knowledge of jihadist groups, how they interacted with the state and events abroad, and why they at times resorted to extreme violence, such as the 2002 Bali bombings. Dave McRae's translation offers a complete account of the development of jihadism from the earliest years of Indonesian independence to the terrorist bombings of the past decade, for an English audience. 'The book has become something of a phenomenon in Indonesia. It's the subject of television talk shows and public discussions in mosques and universities, copies are are circulating among former insurgents in West Java, and the police, intelligence agencies and military have bought up hundreds of copies. About the only person to have a negative reaction to the book so far is a JI leader - who was hurt because he wasn't interviewed.' - Sidney Jones, International Crisis Group 'A ground-breaking work that will have a major impact on how people view Indonesian jihadism.'- Dr Greg Fealy, ANU, leading Indonesia expertIn a two part interview, Dr McRae and Solahudin discuss some of the key points in the Solahudin's new book The Roots of Terrorism in Indonesia. Click to view part 1 and part 2 of the interview. Here is a podcast of from the book launch. View the table of contents here.

34 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: This book is not only the PDF, but also the genre of the book, so everybody right here to seek for this book is a very fan of this kind of book.
Abstract: But here, you can get it easily this far from home to read. As known, when you read a book, one to remember is not only the PDF, but also the genre of the book. You will see from the PDF that your book chosen is absolutely right. The proper book option will influence how you read the book finished or not. However, we are sure that everybody right here to seek for this book is a very fan of this kind of book.

13 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe and provide an assessment of the rehabilitation and reintegration program for Indonesian deportees in 2017 and find that the acute problem of "sectoral ego" among Indonesian institutions hinders the effectiveness of the re-integration programme, as there are overlapping responsibilities between state agencies and non-governmental organisations.
Abstract: This paper aims to describe and provide an assessment of the rehabilitation and reintegration programme for Indonesian deportees in 2017. Hundreds of Indonesians aspired to join the militant jihad in Syria, but many were arrested before entering the country. Deportees without criminal charges were sent to the Ministry of Social Affairs’ (Kemensos) shelters in East Jakarta to undergo a one-month rehabilitation programme. The rehabilitation was executed prematurely with the absence of clear guidelines. A reintegration programme should play a pivotal role in a long-term deradicalisation process. Yet, the acute problem of “sectoral ego” among Indonesian institutions hampers the effectiveness of the reintegration programme, as there are overlapping responsibilities between state agencies and non-governmental organisations. Severe competition among relevant stakeholders also slows down information sharing in the handling of deportees. This paper finds that sectoral ego has created significant obstacles for the reintegration programme. There are “too many hands” on one deportee, which makes it hard to assess which programme works more effectively. In addition, the deportees also receive several visits from various stakeholders that have similar offers and provide repetitive discussions, leading to some deportees becoming reluctant to cooperate. As a result, “too many cooks spoil the broth”. The relevant stakeholders must enhance transparency and coordination that is not limited to an agreement on paper. The management of deportees can also provide lessons for policy makers to improve broader CVE efforts in Indonesia.

13 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Covid-19 contagion has emerged amid a rapidly changing geopolitical environment and technological transformations as mentioned in this paper, which have created new opportunities and challenges for terrorist groups to exploit these developments.
Abstract: The Covid-19 contagion has emerged amid a rapidly changing geopolitical environment and technological transformations. These developments have created new opportunities and challenges for terrorist...

13 citations

08 Jan 2019
TL;DR: Andriastini et al. as discussed by the authors employed empirical juridical research method with socio-juridical approach to find out the reason why an enquirer did not perform any enquiry to the website providing free proprietary software download.
Abstract: Yuniar Dwi Andriastini, Alfons Zakaria, S.H., LL.M., Fines Fatimah, S.H., M.H. Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya ydandrias@gmail.com ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui mengenai alasan Penyidik tidak melakukan Penyidikan terhadap website penyedia layanan unduh Proprietary Software secara gratis. Permasalahan tersebut yaitu berkaitan dengan Pelanggaran Hak Cipta yaitu berupa pemanfaatan teknologi melalui media komputer dan jaringan telekomunikasi, sehingga termasuk dalam Kejahatan Siber ( Cybercrime ). Proprietary Software yang disediakan oleh website secara gratis tergolong dalam Pelanggaran Hak Cipta berupa Pembajakan ( piracy ). Adapun jenis penelitian yang digunakan yaitu Yuridis Empiris dengan metode pendekatan Yuridis Sosiologis. Metode pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara kepada narasumber yaitu Penyidik Pejabat Pegawai Negeri Sipil Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis data kualitatif dengan metode analisis deskriptif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini maka dapat diketahui bahwa terdapat beberapa alasan mengapa Penyidik Pejabat Pegawai Negeri Sipil Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia tidak dapat melakukan Penyidikan terhadap website penyedia layanan unduh Proprietary Software secara gratis, baik berdasarkan wewenang maupun kebijakan internal. Kata Kunci: hak cipta, cybercrime , proprietary software , website, gratis, Penyidik Kementerian Komununikasi dan Informatika. ABSTRACT This research is aimed to find out the reason why an enquirer did not perform any enquiry to the website providing free proprietary software download. This issue is related to breach of copyright regarding the utilisation of technology on computer and in telecommunication, and this case is deemed cybercrime. Proprietary software provided by a website for free is categorised as piracy. This study employed empirical juridical research method with socio-juridical approach. The data was obtained from interviews with enquirer as a civil servant of Informatics and communication ministry of Indonesia. The data analysis involved qualitative-based analysis of descriptive method. The result reveals that no enquiry was performed into the website due authority-related and internal policy factors. Keywords : copyright, cybercrime, proprietary software, website, free, enquirer of informatics and communication ministry

9 citations