Q1. What contributions have the authors mentioned in the paper "Fear and loathing of the english passive" ?
This paper provide an informal but comprehensive syntactic description of passive clauses in English, and then exhibit numerous published examples of incompetent criticism in which critics reveal that they can not tell passives from actives.
Q2. What is the meaning of passive verbs?
Various transitive verbs with causative, inchoative, or perception meanings take subjectless bare passive complements (that is, in effect, past-participial VPs).
Q3. What is the reason why English grammars fail to describe the passive adequately?
The failure of English grammars to describe the passive adequately is partly due to a centuries-old tradition of talking about English grammar as if English were typologically similar to Latin, the international language of higher learning at the time when grammatical study of English began.