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Journal ArticleDOI

Filtering Quasi-Yagi Strip-Loaded DRR Antenna With Enhanced Gain and Selectivity by Metamaterial

22 Feb 2021-IEEE Access (IEEE)-Vol. 9, pp 31755-31761
TL;DR: In this paper, a strip-loaded dielectric ring resonator (DRR) and near zero index (NZI) metamaterial (NZIM) was used to improve the in-band gain and enhance the filtering capability of a broadband filtering quasi-Yagi DRR antenna.
Abstract: This paper presents a design approach of broadband filtering quasi-Yagi DRR Antenna using a strip-loaded dielectric ring resonator (DRR) and near-zero-index (NZI) metamaterial (NZIM). The ring strip is loaded to the inside wall of the DRR so that the TE $_{01 \delta }$ and TE $_{21\delta }$ modes of the DRR can be close. Meanwhile, they function as a dual-mode magnetic dipole (M-dipole) driver and can be differentially excited at the same time for designing a wideband quasi-Yagi antenna. Benefiting from the dual-mode operation of the strip-loaded DRR, the end-fire gain across the operating band of the antenna is stable with preliminary bandpass filtering characteristics. To improve the in-band gain and enhance the filtering capability, a new coplanar NZIM with wideband NZI characteristic and dual transmission notches in the lower and upper stopbands of the preliminary gain passband, is introduced and put in the front of the DRR driver. To verify the proposed design concept, an X-band filtering quasi-Yagi antenna with the NZIM is fabricated and measured. Good agreement between the simulated and measured results can be observed. The wideband antenna has a measured −10 dB impedance bandwidth of about 16% (8.5 – 10 GHz). Within it, the peak gain of antenna reaches 8.3 dBi and 1-dB gain fractional bandwidth is about 10.8%. Meanwhile, it exhibits good gain bandpass response due to the transmission notches of the NZIM.

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Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , a symmetric split ring resonator (SRR) based metamaterial (MTM) is presented that exhibits three resonances of transmission coefficient (S21) covering S, C, and X-bands with epsilon negative (ENG) and near zero index properties.
Abstract: In this article, a symmetric split ring resonator (SRR) based metamaterial (MTM) is presented that exhibits three resonances of transmission coefficient (S21) covering S, C, and X-bands with epsilon negative (ENG) and near zero index properties. The proposed MTM is designed on an FR4 substrate with the copper resonator at one side formed with two square rings and one circular split ring. The two square rings are coupled together around the split gap of the outer ring, whereas two split semicircles are also coupled together near the split gaps. Thus, gap coupled symmetric SRR is formed, which helps to obtain resonances at 2.78 GHz, 7.7 GHz and 10.16 GHz with desired properties of the MTM unit cell. The MTM unit cell's symmetric nature helps reduce the mutual coupling effect among the array elements. Thus, different array of unit cells provides a similar response to the unit cell compared with numerical simulation performed in CST microwave studio and validated by measurement. The equivalent circuit is modelled for the proposed MTM unit cell in Advanced Design System (ADS) software, and circuit validation is accomplished by comparing S21 obtained in ADS with the same of CST. The effective medium ratio (EMR) of 10.7 indicates the compactness of the proposed MTM. A test antenna is designed to observe the effect of the MTM over it. Numerical analysis shows that the proposed MTM have an impact on the antenna when it is used as the superstrate and helps to increase the gain of the antenna by 95% with increased directivity. Thus, compact size, high EMR, negative permittivity, near zero permeability and refractive index makes this MTM suitable for S, C and X band applications, especially for antenna gain with directivity enhancement.

12 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a pattern-reconfigurable dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) with compact structure and high efficiency is proposed by introducing a pair of switchable directors.
Abstract: A novel pattern-reconfigurable dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) with compact structure and high efficiency is proposed in this letter by introducing a pair of switchable directors. The switchable directors are arranged on both sides of an omnidirectional DRA, which operates in the TE01δ mode. Their directing function can be controlled by switching the on/off status of the p-i-n diodes so that one omnidirectional radiation pattern and two unidirectional endfire patterns are provided in the azimuthal plane. To verify this idea, a prototype of the proposed antenna is fabricated and measured. Good agreement between the simulated and measured results can be observed. The peak gain in endfire status reaches 4.5 dBi and the front-to-back ratio is more than 12 dB. Meanwhile, the gain variation of the omnidirectional pattern in the azimuth plane is less than 2 dB, which shows good omnidirectional radiation performance.

12 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a wideband filtering dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) based on the HEM11δ mode is proposed with high roll-off rate and flat gain response in the whole passband.
Abstract: In this letter, a wideband filtering dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) based on the HEM11δ mode is proposed with high roll-off rate and flat gain response in the whole passband. The proposed filtering DRA is excited by a simple feed structure composed of a driven ring, a parasitic ring and a driven arc. Each of them can excite the HEM11δ mode at different resonant frequencies, thus enlarging the impedance bandwidth of the proposed filtering DRA. Since the three resonant frequencies belong to the same mode, stable radiation pattern can be achieved simultaneously. In addition, two radiation nulls are generated near the lower and upper edges of the passband by the feed structure, making the proposed DRA obtain high frequency selectivity. All the three resonant frequencies and two radiation nulls are independently adjustable. A prototype has been fabricated and measured for demonstration, and the measured results are coincided with the simulated ones.

2 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 2023-Sensors
TL;DR: In this article , a Yagi-Uda antenna with stable gain by near-zero-index metamaterial (NZIM) has been proposed for vehicular 5G communication, which consists of magneto-electric dipole structure and coaxial feed patch antenna.
Abstract: In this paper, a stereoscopic ultra-wideband (UWB) Yagi–Uda (SUY) antenna with stable gain by near-zero-index metamaterial (NZIM) has been proposed for vehicular 5G communication. The proposed antenna consists of magneto-electric (ME) dipole structure and coaxial feed patch antenna. The combination of patch antenna and ME structure allows the proposed antenna can work as a Yagi–Uda antenna, which enhances its gain and bandwidth. NZIM removes a pair of C-notches on the surface of the ME structure to make it absorb energy, which results in two radiation nulls on both sides of the gain passband. At the same time, the bandwidth can be enhanced effectively. In order to further improve the stable gain, impedance matching is achieved by removing the patch diagonally; thus, it is able to tune the antenna gain of the suppression boundary and open the possibility to reach the most important characteristic: a very stable gain in a wide frequency range. The SUY antenna is fabricated and measured, which has a measured −10 dBi impedance bandwidth of approximately 40% (3.5–5.5 GHz). Within it, the peak gain of the antenna reaches 8.5 dBi, and the flat in-band gain has a ripple lower than 0.5 dBi.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors proposed using a topological photonic crystal (TPC) as an effective feeding method, which can effectively suppress the reflecting loss at the feeder/DRA interface.
Abstract: Over the last 30 years, various dielectric resonator antennas (DRAs) have been developed for application in portable wireless communications and millimeter wave systems. However, current methods to feed the antennas suffer from radiation leakage and high losses. In this paper, we propose using a topological photonic crystal (TPC) as an effective feeding method, which can effectively suppress the reflecting loss at the feeder/DRA interface. As a demonstration, we numerically design a DRA with a TPC feeder, operating in a high-order resonant mode at 1.5 THz. Simulation results show that the antenna has a return loss as low as 44 dB, an impedance bandwidth of 3.9%, a maximum gain of 7.4 dBi, and 3dB angular widths of 58 degrees. Over 99% radiation efficiency can be achieved at the operating THz band. The proposed all-dielectric antenna can be suitably used for integrated photonic chips, biomedical applications, and 6G.
References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a coplanar dipole array is proposed to provide unidirectional radiation patterns of constant beamwidth and nearly constant input impedances over any desired bandwidth.
Abstract: A new class of coplanar dipole arrays is introduced. The antennas described provide unidirectional radiation patterns of constant beamwidth and nearly constant input impedances over any desired bandwidth. The broad-band properties are achieved by making use of the principles of log periodic antenna design. Models are discussed which are capable of providing 8- to 9-db directive gain with an associated input standing wave ratio of 1:2:1 on a 75-ohm feeder, and this performance is independent of frequency. The free-space properties of several of these arrays have been measured and the results are presented. The antenna configuration is simple, permitting practical methods of fabrication, and the design should prove useful in many applications. It makes possible, for example, the construction of "all-wave" rotatable beams of very low cross section for use in the hf to uhf spectrum.

332 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a novel kind of patch antenna with high-selectivity filtering responses and high-gain radiation performance is presented, which is mainly composed of a driven patch and a stacked patch, with its entire height being ${0.09\lambda }$.
Abstract: This paper presents a novel kind of patch antenna with high-selectivity filtering responses and high-gain radiation performance. The proposed antenna is mainly composed of a driven patch and a stacked patch, with its entire height being ${0.09\lambda }$ . Three shorting pins and a U-slot are embedded in the driven patch to enhance out-of-band suppression levels and skirt selectivity near the lower band-edge, whereas the stacked patch provides a sharp roll-off rate at the upper band-edge and also an enhanced gain. Without using extra filtering circuits, the proposed antenna exhibits a quasi-elliptic boresight gain response with three radiation nulls. For demonstration, an antenna is implemented covering the LTE band (2.3–2.7 GHz). The antenna achieves an average gain of 9.7 dBi within passband, and out-of-band suppression levels of more than 21 dB.

330 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a new microstrip Yagi array antenna with end-fire radiation and vertical polarization is proposed, which has a low profile, a wide bandwidth and a high gain.
Abstract: A new microstrip Yagi array antenna with endfire radiation and vertical polarization is proposed. The Yagi antenna has a low profile, a wide bandwidth and a high gain. Each element of the Yagi array is based on a new microstrip antenna that has one edge opened and the other three edges shorted, working as a “magnetic dipole antenna”. As opposed to previous microstrip Yagi array antennas, the proposed Yagi antenna could produce a beam radiating at exactly endfire for infinite ground plane, with vertical polarization in the horizontal plane. A coupling microstrip line is introduced between the driven element and the first director element to strengthen the coupling between them, and therefore the front-to-back ratio and bandwidth of the array can be improved. The endfire gain can be enhanced as the number of the director elements increases, in either case where the array has an infinite or a finite ground plane.

182 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a high-gain Vivaldi antenna based on compactly anisotropic zero-index metamaterials (ZIM) was proposed to enhance the directivity.
Abstract: The traditional Vivaldi antenna has an ultrawide bandwidth, but low directivity. To enhance the directivity, we propose a high-gain Vivaldi antenna based on compactly anisotropic zero-index metamaterials (ZIM). Such anisotropic ZIM are designed and fabricated using resonant meander-line structures, which are integrated with the Vivaldi antenna smoothly and hence have compact size. Measurement results show that the directivity and gain of the Vivaldi antenna have been enhanced significantly in the designed bandwidth of anisotropic ZIM (9.5-10.5 GHz), but not affected in other frequency bands (2.5-9.5 GHz and 10.5-13.5 GHz).

174 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a wideband, low profile and high gain dielectric resonator antenna with two different permittivities is proposed. But the antenna is not suitable for wideband applications.
Abstract: A wideband, low profile and high gain dielectric resonator antenna is investigated in this letter. The antenna consists of two dielectric layers with different permittivities and it is centrally fed by a rectangular slot. By placing the dielectric layer of low permittivity (2.2) below that of high permittivity (15), the antenna with low profile of $0.1{\lambda _0}$ can obtain a 10-dB impedance bandwidth of $\sim 40\% $ and an average gain of $\sim 9~\hbox{dBi}$ .

118 citations